Form 9.B Project Summary

Chron:

970506

Proposal Number:

14.04-5649

Project Title:

Near Real-time Forest Fire

Information System (FireCam)

Technical Abstract (Limit 200 words)

Forest fire fighting crews require timely, accurate

information about

the location and progression of a fire for strategy

and decision

making. Existing fire information sources are

deficient in accuracy,

timeliness or both. An advanced system combining

an intelligent

airborne sensor/processor flying over the fire in a

UAV or small

aircraft, air-to-ground data link, and a ground

processor for

providing fire information is proposed. An existing

or new

miniaturized infrared sensor provides input to a new

autonomous

processor which extracts vital fire information from

the image in the

aircraft, adds GPS coordinates, compresses the

data and sends it to

the ground processor through a satellite

communication link.

Improvements derive from linking the two

processors in near real-time,

locating the ground processor at the fire command

post and

coregistering images to a database of high

resolution reference

images. An operator at the ground processor

overlays and conforms the

fire images to the stored reference images. The

resulting images

contain the background scene, fire boundaries, fire

intensities and

locations. Special algorithms and image

compression in the airborne

processor bring the data volume within satellite link

capability.

Successful implementation will provide accurate,

easily interpreted

fire status data that is minutes, rather than hours,

old.

Potential Commercial Applications (Limit 200 words)

Daedalus scanners are used worldwide for fire

fighting applications.

These IR scanners and imagers have been used to

combat forest fires

over the past 20 years but their utility for the fire

fighting team

has been limited by spatial inaccuracies, high

operator skill

requirements and slow response times. The

proposed system, with its

improved capabilities, is a candidate replacement

for these systems.

Every year, Daedalus receives numerous serious

inquiries for fire

mapping systems from the USA, Europe, Asia,

Australia, and South

America. However, the potential buyers need better

performance than is

possible with existing systems. The capability and

performance of the

proposed system meets the needs of these potential

customers. In

addition, this system concept is ideal for use with

the new generation

of high altitude UAV's. NASA, California Forest

Service, and the US

Forest Service/USDA are all candidate customers

for the system on a

UAV.

Name and Address of Principal Investigator (Name,

Organization Name, Mail Address, City/State/Zip)

Frederick G. Osterwisch

Daedalus Enterprises, Inc.

300 Parkland Plaza

Ann Arbor , MI 48103

Name and Address of Offeror (Firm Name, Mail Address,

City/State/Zip)

Charles G. Stanich

Daedalus Enterprises, Inc.

300 Parkland Plaza

Ann Arbor , MI 48103