NASA SBIR 2022-I Solicitation

Proposal Summary

Proposal Information

Proposal Number:
22-1- A3.02-1694
Subtopic Title:
Increasing Autonomy in the National Airspace System (NAS)
Proposal Title:
Contingency Planning Toolkit for Advanced Air Mobility

Small Business Concern

Mosaic ATM, Inc.
540 Fort Evans Road Northeast, Suite 300, Leesburg, VA 20176
(800) 405-8576                                                                                                                                                                                

Principal Investigator:

Alicia Fernandes
540 Fort Evans Road, Suite 300, VA 20176 - 4098
(571) 293-2056                                                                                                                                                                                

Business Official:

Chris Brinton
540 Fort Evans Road, Suite 300, VA 20176 - 4098
(703) 980-3961                                                                                                                                                                                

Summary Details:

Estimated Technology Readiness Level (TRL) :                                                                                                                                                          
Begin: 1
End: 3
Technical Abstract (Limit 2000 characters, approximately 200 words):

NASA’s Urban Air Mobility (UAM) and Uncrewed Aircraft System (UAS) Traffic Management (UTM) concepts envision increasing autonomy, artificial intelligence, and machine learning to maintain operational efficiency while ensuring safety. Increasing autonomy while maintaining or improving efficiency and safety will require effective teaming between humans and automation in routine and contingency operations. Concepts for highly automated future air transportation, like UAM and UTM, describe procedures for addressing contingencies, implicitly assuming automated services will be able to coordinate well enough to address contingencies, with little or no human input, if procedures are pre-defined. However, if traditional air traffic operations are to be a guide, humans will need to be involved in coordinated contingency planning for UAM/UTM operations.

To address the need for coordinated contingency planning in UAM/UTM, we propose a Contingency Planning Toolkit for Advanced Air Mobility (CPT AAMO), whose architecture appropriately distributes work among system organizations and agents (human and automated). Its design is based on a systematic analysis of potential allocations of contingency planning functions. The analysis is not just about allocating functions between humans and automation, but also the allocation of responsibilities across organizations in the system. Metrics include function allocation coherency, operational tempo, and coordination load. The analysis enables us to assess each candidate architecture according to system properties like safety, resilience, equity, integration, and resistance to cyber-attack. Our approach allows NASA to move beyond function allocation to task design, providing a systematic assessment of what will and will not work as a procedure/task. This effort fills a gap in AAM concept development, providing appropriate architectures and function allocations for contingency planning in a highly automated system.

Potential NASA Applications (Limit 1500 characters, approximately 150 words):
  • Support validation of contingency planning roles, responsibilities, and procedures for Advanced Air Mobility (AAM) concepts in tabletop, simulation, and field evaluations.
  • Refine requirements for AAM participants to meet standards of participation
  • Toolkit for performing contingency planning functions in a distributed work system
Potential Non-NASA Applications (Limit 1500 characters, approximately 150 words):
  • Toolkit for Urban Air Mobility (UAM) and Uncrewed Aircraft System (UAS) Traffic Management (UTM) fleet operators, Providers of Services to Urban Air Mobility (PSUs), and UAS Service Suppliers (USSs) to participate in coordinated contingency planning and contingency management
  • Capability to support FAA participation in coordinated contingency management for UAM and UTM operations.
Duration:     6

Form Generated on 05/25/2022 15:33:34