Orbit Logic (OL) and the University of Maryland College Park (UMd) are teaming to develop a machine learning solution, Lunar FLAPPER (Fault Learning Agent for Prediction, Protection and Early Response), that is able to operate in two modes: 1) a fully autonomous operations monitoring mode with fault detection, correction and reporting, and 2) a semi-autonomous mode, which can request approval for corrective actions and which can utilize human (ground operator) inputs to learn ideal operating conditions through positive re-enforcements of solution selections. OL will be leveraging and extending the work of our original FLAPPER SBIR research initiative to include operator in-the-loop training. We will enhance our already mature Autonomous Planning System (APS) product by adding Specialized Autonomous Planning Agents (SAPAs) to accommodate these new use cases.
The end-vision includes both ground- and space-resident software components and tools. Lunar FLAPPER infrastructure on the ground will integrate with emulation, simulation, and real hardware instances to interact with mission data sources (telemetry and commands) - then observe data activity when mission operational scenarios are executed. Machine Learning (ML) techniques (already prototyped in previous NASA-funded efforts) will be utilized to learn what constitutes both nominal and off-nominal system behaviors, building both a library of “detection kernels” (usable to recognize and characterize anomalous behavior) and a library of appropriate responses to correct faults and restore nominal operations. The goal is an eventual transition to as much onboard autonomy and fault management as possible, such that the station and all of its onboard systems are fully sustained with minimal or no intervention from Earth-based operators when it is not inhabited.
Space stations and habitats such as the proposed Lunar Gateway. Any space mission where human operators directly interact with system capabilities and a path is desired to reduce operator workload by training autonomy to perform missions and resolve faults autonomously, including Earth-orbiting single satellites and constellations, inter-planetary missions, or planetary orbiting/exploration missions. Systems involving autonomously acting drones or surface robots, with or without humans in-the-loop.
Collaborative Earth observing satellite constellations, coordinated space/ground sensor systems supporting enhanced space situational awareness, coordination of data chain orchestration for data analytics, collaborative autonomous maritime (surface and underwater) missions, coordination of teams of ground orbits and/or air vehicles for science, search/rescue.