SBIR Phase I Solicitation   Abstract Archives

NASA SBIR 2021-I Solicitation


PROPOSAL NUMBER:
 21-1- S1.01-2846
SUBTOPIC TITLE:
 Lidar Remote-Sensing Technologies
PROPOSAL TITLE:
 GRAAL: Geospatial Rastering And Atmospheric Lidar

Small Business Concern

   
Firm:
          
Impossible Sensing, LLC
          
   
Address:
          
3407 South Jefferson Avenue , St. Louis, MO 63118
          
   
Phone:
          
(314) 695-6993                                                                                                                                                                                
          

Principal Investigator:

   
Name:
          
Dr. Evan Eshelman
          
   
E-mail:
          
eeshelman@impossiblesensing.com
          
   
Address:
          
3407 S Jefferson Ave, MO 63118 - 3119
          
   
Phone:
          
(314) 467-8763                                                                                                                                                                                
          

Business Official:

   
Name:
          
Pablo Sobron
          
   
E-mail:
          
psobron@seti.org
          
   
Address:
          
911 Washington Ave Ste 501, MO 63101 - 1243
          
   
Phone:
          
(314) 695-6993                                                                                                                                                                                
          

Summary Details:

   
Estimated Technology Readiness Level (TRL) :                                                                                                                                                          
Begin: 2
End: 3
          
          
     
Technical Abstract (Limit 2000 characters, approximately 200 words):

To meet critical science needs for the upcoming decade in Earth Observation, new technologies are required that reduce lidar size, weight, power, and cost while retaining efficiency, reliability, lifetime, and high performance. This is a challenging problem as state-of-the-art space based lidar systems operate at the edge of physical limits. We propose to develop the Earth Compact lidar for Height and altitude Observations (GRAAL). GRAALis an ultra-compact time-of-flight ranging lidar for Earth observation from Low Earth Orbit (LEO), designed to address key observational priorities including ice sheet thickness, forest canopy thickness, and smoke and cloud cover. GRAAL delivers similar science performance to ICESat-2’s ATLAS lidar instrument using. a radically new optoelectronics concept with two critical advances: 1) a greater than 10x reduction in size, weight, power, and cost by using a novel optical architecture; 2) GRAAL's optical path inherently provides a dual-channel capability for multi-sensor configurations such as imaging + lidar or hyperspectral sensing + lidar. With these two advances, GRAAL will be a key enabling technology for the next decade of compact lidar systems tasked with providing high quality data while vastly reducing instrument cost, size, and complexity. We have designed GRAAL as a “stock” lidar system replacing expensive, long-lead custom designs such as ATLAS, which will enable new mission architectures that require cost-effective global coverage and improved responsiveness to dynamic events, for example in constellations of SmallSat-scale satellites.

          
          
     
Potential NASA Applications (Limit 1500 characters, approximately 150 words):

GRAAL has applications in LEO Earth observation for ice sheet and forest canopy thickness, and cloud cover. GRAAL’s novel steering capability has applications in entry, descent, and landing to survey a landing site prior to touchdown of a lander, and in hazard avoidance and docking. GRAAL’s size is ideal for balloon or airborne application. The proximity of GRAAL to the surface could allow for Raman or differential lidar, expanding close-range capabilities to include chemical analysis.

          
          
     
Potential Non-NASA Applications (Limit 1500 characters, approximately 150 words):

GRAAL has a clear application in a balloon based configuration for monitoring of greenhouse gas emission in oil & gas settings. Here, GRAAL is a key technology to allow companies to respond to new regulations for monitoring emissions at all stages of production.

          
          
     
Duration:     6
          
          

PROPOSAL NUMBER:
 21-1- Z8.02-3103
SUBTOPIC TITLE:
 Communications and Navigation for Distributed Small Spacecraft Beyond Low Earth Orbit (LEO)
PROPOSAL TITLE:
 Fault Tolerant Beam Steering for Cubesats

Small Business Concern

   
Firm:
          
Miles Space, Inc.
          
   
Address:
          
5007 West Nassau Street, Tampa, FL 33607
          
   
Phone:
          
(813) 249-5522                                                                                                                                                                                
          

Principal Investigator:

   
Name:
          
Wesley Faler
          
   
E-mail:
          
wes@miles-space.com
          
   
Address:
          
5007 W Nassau St, FL 33607 - 3814
          
   
Phone:
          
(734) 476-1437                                                                                                                                                                                
          

Business Official:

   
Name:
          
Wesley Faler
          
   
E-mail:
          
wes@miles-space.com
          
   
Address:
          
5007 W Nassau St, FL 33607 - 3814
          
   
Phone:
          
(734) 476-1437                                                                                                                                                                                
          

Summary Details:

   
Estimated Technology Readiness Level (TRL) :                                                                                                                                                          
Begin: 4
End: 5
          
          
     
Technical Abstract (Limit 2000 characters, approximately 200 words):

This proposal is an enabling communication technology for small spacecraft beyond LEO. We propose to adapt real-time coherent combining software for electronically steered arrays recently proven for ground-to-space communications to the computing constraints of small spacecraft. An electronically steered array antenna system must adjust the phase of multiple received signals so they coherently combine, with errors in the process rapidly degrading the output signal. The chief method of mitigating phase errors is to place the radio antenna elements into a robust, high precision mechanical structure. On a moving platform, another mitigation is also used, precise measurements of movement and/or cessation of all movement during antenna usage. The first is at direct odds with the need for small spacecraft to use lightweight, flexible, and deployable structures. The second is an extreme challenge for orbiting craft, especially those navigating in CisLunar or deep space where relative position knowledge is degraded compared to LEO satellite situations.

Miles Space’s coherent combining software continuously adapts to phase differences in radio data streams allowing them to be combined successfully, nearly eliminating grating lobes. Doing so allows flexible, deployable antennas to be used on rotating craft, even those that may have residual antenna vibration due to recent propulsion and attitude control usage. There are corresponding cost and risk reductions in craft mass and machining tolerances with improved tolerance to deployment mechanism issues and on-mission antenna damage.

Through a contract with ATLAS Space Operations, Miles Space demonstrated to the US Air Force its coherent combining software operating on a phased array ground terminal downlinking GEO and LEO satellite signals. The algorithm was used on digitized RF data before the data reached a commercial modem for decoding. As judged by the modem, real-time coherent combining eliminated grating lobes.

          
          
     
Potential NASA Applications (Limit 1500 characters, approximately 150 words):

Dynamic coherent combining breaks constraints of phased array mounting. Arrays can be created from flexible structures, even operating while vibrating, tolerating off-plane rotation while still coherently combining signals, expanding mounting options on a mission.

Scientific missions benefit from placement flexibility, letting the science needs dominate.

CisLunar and deeper missions need high delta-v. Craft mass is lowered by using this algorithm to perform phase shifting on low mass, low volume deployable phased array antennas, raising delta-v.

          
          
     
Potential Non-NASA Applications (Limit 1500 characters, approximately 150 words):

Phased arrays let the commercial market obtain licensing in an ever more crowded orbit and this technology makes phased arrays far more economical and practical.

Military projects will benefit from this technology as well. The dynamic aspect of the software responds quickly to changing signal conditions, tolerating sudden changes due to damage, increasing resiliency and overall advantage.

          
          
     
Duration:     6
          
          

PROPOSAL NUMBER:
 21-1- H9.01-1996
SUBTOPIC TITLE:
 Long-Range Optical Telecommunications
PROPOSAL TITLE:
 Robust Isolation for Vibration Abating (RIVA)

Small Business Concern

   
Firm:
          
Shock Tech, Inc.
          
   
Address:
          
211 Island Road, Mahwah, NJ 07430
          
   
Phone:
          
(612) 380-4433                                                                                                                                                                                
          

Principal Investigator:

   
Name:
          
Daryoush Allaei
          
   
E-mail:
          
DALLAEI@shocktech.COM
          
   
Address:
          
211 Island Road, NJ 07430 - 2130
          
   
Phone:
          
(612) 380-4433                                                                                                                                                                                
          

Business Official:

   
Name:
          
Daryoush Allaei
          
   
E-mail:
          
DALLAEI@shocktech.COM
          
   
Address:
          
211 Island Road, NJ 07430 - 2130
          
   
Phone:
          
(612) 380-4433                                                                                                                                                                                
          

Summary Details:

   
Estimated Technology Readiness Level (TRL) :                                                                                                                                                          
Begin: 2
End: 4
          
          
     
Technical Abstract (Limit 2000 characters, approximately 200 words):

The main objective of this Phase I project is to fully demonstrate the feasibility of developing Robust Isolation for Vibration Abating (RIVA), suitable for integration in an optical transceiver, to reject high frequency base disturbance by at least 50 dB. The proposed RIVA will have integrated launch locks and latching mechanism with a robust performance. Specifically, RIVA will be applicable to long-range optical telecommunications.  RIVA will reduce angular errors from vibration on low mass, high performance, laser beam control assemblies. While this project is focused on space version of RIVA, eventually, our solution will have two additional variants designed for a particular operating condition and platform, i.e., Ground and Air. It will meet qualifications of extreme shock and vibration attenuation during non-operating period and mitigates high frequency vibrations during laser operations while minimizing its weight meet requirements. Our innovative solution offers low size, weight, and power (SWaP) with improved efficiency, reliability, and robustness as related to its function, high frequency isolation.   

RIVA will utilize ShockTech proprietary elastomeric formulas which have been space-qualified and deployed upon NASA spacecraft. In fact, these same elastomeric formulas were used to protect the Seismic Experiment for Interior Structure (SEIS) instrument, used in the InSight mission under NASA’s Discovery program, from vibration and loads experienced during its travel from Earth to the Martian surface in 2018.

          
          
     
Potential NASA Applications (Limit 1500 characters, approximately 150 words):

Robust Isolation for Vibration Abating (RIVA) is designed to be suitable for all missions requiring high stability communication pointing and alignment. RIVA is an innovative solution for advancing free-space optical communications by pushing future data volume returns to and from space missions in multiple domains with return data rates >100 Gbps (Lunar to ground), >10 Gbps (Earth-Sun), >1 Gbps/AU2 (deep space), and >1 Gbps (planetary lander to orbiter).  Ground-to-space forward data rates >25 Mbps to farthest Mars ranges are targeted. 

          
          
     
Potential Non-NASA Applications (Limit 1500 characters, approximately 150 words):

RIVA will be adopted for non-NASA optical communication satellites with the need for high-stability alignment will be necessary. RIVA’s flexible design makes it applicable to various communication satellite sizes. We will explore applications to production facilities for sensitive optical devices, sensitive medical devices, and airborne optical sensors onboard reconnaissance aircraft, and drones.

          
          
     
Duration:     6
          
          

PROPOSAL NUMBER:
 21-1- S1.03-2240
SUBTOPIC TITLE:
 Technologies for Passive Microwave Remote Sensing
PROPOSAL TITLE:
 A Board Level Solution for Correlation Radiometers

Small Business Concern

   
Firm:
          
Pacific Microchip Corporation
          
   
Address:
          
3916 Sepulveda Boulevard, #108, Culver City, CA 90230
          
   
Phone:
          
(310) 683-2628                                                                                                                                                                                
          

Principal Investigator:

   
Name:
          
Anton Karnitski
          
   
E-mail:
          
anton@pacificmicrochip.com
          
   
Address:
          
3916 Sepulveda Boulevard, #108, CA 90230 - 4650
          
   
Phone:
          
(310) 683-2628                                                                                                                                                                                
          

Business Official:

   
Name:
          
Ieva Ivanauskas
          
   
E-mail:
          
ieva@pacificmicrochip.com
          
   
Address:
          
3916 Sepulveda Boulevard, #108, CA 90230 - 4650
          
   
Phone:
          
(310) 683-2628                                                                                                                                                                                
          

Summary Details:

   
Estimated Technology Readiness Level (TRL) :                                                                                                                                                          
Begin: 2
End: 3
          
          
     
Technical Abstract (Limit 2000 characters, approximately 200 words):

The proposed project aims to develop a board level solution for the NASA’s microwave correlation radiometers required for Earth sensing applications. Spaceborne instrumentation requires minimized size, weight and power (SWaP). Present solutions rely on analog signal processing, thus are bulky, power hungry and cannot be reprogrammed. Analog filter parameters tend to be unstable over temperature, power supply voltage, may degrade over time and need tuning.

The proposed approach will process an IF I/Q signal up to 10GHz, derived, for example, in water vapor sounders at 180GHz band. To implement the required function, a previously developed ASIC will be redesigned to improve its analog front-end performance and implement a new DSP function with the increased SEE immunity. Within the DSP block, IF input signals will be channelized into 64 bands and cross-correlated within each band. Several innovations will be introduced to the ASIC and the board level solution to combine improved performance, programmability, minimized SWaP and radiation sensitivity. 

The project’s Phase I will provide the proof of project’s feasibility. Phase II will provide a silicon proven ASIC and the board level solution for correlation radiometers.

 

          
          
     
Potential NASA Applications (Limit 1500 characters, approximately 150 words):

 

- Remote sensing instruments for Earth, planet and sun exploration missions

- Radio astronomy

- Position synchronization between satellites in distributed and formation flying missions

          
          
     
Potential Non-NASA Applications (Limit 1500 characters, approximately 150 words):

 

- Remote sensing instruments developed by the ESA and other space agencies

- Temperature, water vapor, pollutant and other exploration by the EPA and NOAA

- Synthetic aperture radars for military applications and civil aviation

- Military surveillance satellites

- Thermal imaging for security systems

- Navigation satellites

          
          
     
Duration:     6
          
          

PROPOSAL NUMBER:
 21-1- S1.04-3292
SUBTOPIC TITLE:
 Sensor and Detector Technologies for Visible, Infrared (IR), Far-IR, and Submillimeter
PROPOSAL TITLE:
 Multi-stacked Aligned Wafer Bonding for Wide-bandwidth AR treated silicon optics

Small Business Concern

   
Firm:
          
Cactus Materials
          
   
Address:
          
7700 South River Parkway, Chandler, AZ 85284
          
   
Phone:
          
(480) 213-4704                                                                                                                                                                                
          

Principal Investigator:

   
Name:
          
Dr. Mohammed Rafiqul Islam
          
   
E-mail:
          
rafiqul.islam@cactusmaterials.com
          
   
Address:
          
7700 S River Parkway, AZ 86284 - 1808
          
   
Phone:
          
(480) 213-4704                                                                                                                                                                                
          

Business Official:

   
Name:
          
Dr. Mohammed Rafiqul Islam
          
   
E-mail:
          
rafiqul.islam@cactusmaterials.com
          
   
Address:
          
7700 S River Parkway, AZ 86284 - 1808
          
   
Phone:
          
(480) 213-4704                                                                                                                                                                                
          

Summary Details:

   
Estimated Technology Readiness Level (TRL) :                                                                                                                                                          
Begin: 3
End: 5
          
          
     
Technical Abstract (Limit 2000 characters, approximately 200 words):

The objective of this Phase I proposal is to develop multi-stacked wafer bonding techniques for wide-bandwidth anti-reflection (AR) treated silicon optics at terahertz (THz) frequencies. This process can enable high layer-count structures resulting in thick and large needed for the very wide-bandwidth AR treatment. At the end of the Phase I, the goal is to achieve <1% reflectance over a prototype of 4-layers AR structures by stacking with precision alignment and bonding techniques that Cactus Materials, Inc. has developed. Phase II of the project is to develop a complete wide-bandwidth AR treatment for silicon optics applicable for vacuum windows and it can be used in the future for powered optics by integration with a gradient-index lens architecture (GRIN) using wafer bonding, circumventing the challenge of AR-treating a curved surface. Transmission (T) and reflectance (R) on bonded wafers are expected to be 100% and <1% respectively. A precision alignment of <2 micron between wafers will be employed using automated lithographically defined alignment marks. To meet <1% reflectance, the bonding interface needs to be defect free, void free, chemicals and moisture free. In addition, bonding strength needs to be close to silicon bulk strength and withstand any vibration or stress as well as hold up as vacuum windows, so under deflection of 1.5-6 mm (depending on the diameters). For example, vibrational stress of a launch could damage the stacked Si lenses. A detailed testing and modeling will be incorporated to ensure the optics are robust enough for space platform. If successful, this technology development will be stepping stone towards making a high-performance, larger diameter, and thicker AR treated silicon optics.

          
          
     
Potential NASA Applications (Limit 1500 characters, approximately 150 words):

A wide range of applications include studies of CMB polarization, of galaxy clusters using the Sunyaev-Zeldovich Effect, of galaxy evolution and the Epoch of Reionization using low-resolution spectroscopy and spectral line tomography. Specific spectral bands of interest for astronomy applications e.g. flat optical windows with 4-layer AR structures covering 4:1 bandwidth, specifically 100-400 GHz and 75-300 GHz, 7-layer AR structures covering ≥ 6:1 bandwidth, 80-420 GHz and 30-180 GHz, and a GRIN optic with 4-and 6-layer AR structure

          
          
     
Potential Non-NASA Applications (Limit 1500 characters, approximately 150 words):

The technology can be implemented in a cost-effective way for large optical elements in many applications in the range if FIR, MWIR, and THz. Silicon vacuum windows and gradient index silicon optics with integral AR treatment are two key products. Silicon is significantly cheaper, particularly as size increases compare to other materials e.g. Germanium vacuum windows are 2-3x higher in cost.

          
          
     
Duration:     6
          
          

PROPOSAL NUMBER:
 21-1- A1.09-2514
SUBTOPIC TITLE:
 Vehicle Sensor Systems to Enable Situational Awareness
PROPOSAL TITLE:
 Real-Time Panoramic Sensing for Enhanced Air Vehicles

Small Business Concern

   
Firm:
          
Circle Optics, Inc.
          
   
Address:
          
260 E Main Street, Suite 6372, Rochester, NY 14604
          
   
Phone:
          
(914) 233-4735                                                                                                                                                                                
          

Principal Investigator:

   
Name:
          
Andrew Kurtz
          
   
E-mail:
          
Andy@circleoptics.com
          
   
Address:
          
260 E Main Street, Suite 6372, NY 14604 - 0001
          
   
Phone:
          
(585) 388-7219                                                                                                                                                                                
          

Business Official:

   
Name:
          
Ian Gauger
          
   
E-mail:
          
ian@circleoptics.com
          
   
Address:
          
260 E Main Street, Suite 6372, NY 14604 - 0001
          
   
Phone:
          
(315) 879-3034                                                                                                                                                                                
          

Summary Details:

   
Estimated Technology Readiness Level (TRL) :                                                                                                                                                          
Begin: 3
End: 4
          
          
     
Technical Abstract (Limit 2000 characters, approximately 200 words):

Circle Optics proposes a Phase 1 project for NASA to explore adapting the Circle Optics technology for low parallax, low distortion, panoramic, multi-camera capture devices that provide real-time 360° imagery, to air vehicle sensing. During Phase 1, Circle Optics would work with NASA, the Air Force (Agility Prime) and others in this developing industry to better understand system specifications, including for SWaP-C, resolution, FOV, and spectral content. Circle Optics would also develop more mature optical designs for the Medusa architecture to optimize it for air vehicle sensing. Finally, Circle Optics would produce a Phase II proposal that describes the development of an actual testable prototype optimized imaging system and its’ performance.

          
          
     
Potential NASA Applications (Limit 1500 characters, approximately 150 words):

Circle Optics will enhance situational awareness to enable intelligent vehicle systems that will allow the development of piloted vehicles augmented with autonomous capabilities and autonomous unmanned air vehicles

          
          
     
Potential Non-NASA Applications (Limit 1500 characters, approximately 150 words):

Presently have 150+ customers requesting for beta product of next imaging system, 20 offered letters of interest across over four target markets (entertainment, mapping, industry, defense).  Winner of multiple accelerators and imaging competitions.  Over $1.9M from Venture Capital, angel investments, and grants.

          
          
     
Duration:     6
          
          

PROPOSAL NUMBER:
 21-1- H4.05-2756
SUBTOPIC TITLE:
 Advancements in Water and Air Bladder Assemblies and Technology
PROPOSAL TITLE:
 Persistently Antimicrobial Polyurethanes for Improved Pressure Garment Bladders

Small Business Concern

   
Firm:
          
Texas Research Institute Austin, Inc.
          
   
Address:
          
9063 Bee Caves Road, Austin, TX 78733
          
   
Phone:
          
(512) 263-2101                                                                                                                                                                                
          

Principal Investigator:

   
Name:
          
Matt Lampe
          
   
E-mail:
          
mlampe@tri-austin.com
          
   
Address:
          
9063 Bee Caves Road, TX 78733 - 6201
          
   
Phone:
          
(512) 263-2101                                                                                                                                                                                
          

Business Official:

   
Name:
          
Matthew Berry
          
   
E-mail:
          
mberry@tri-austin.com
          
   
Address:
          
9063 Bee Caves Road, TX 78733 - 6201
          
   
Phone:
          
(512) 615-4482                                                                                                                                                                                
          

Summary Details:

   
Estimated Technology Readiness Level (TRL) :                                                                                                                                                          
Begin: 2
End: 4
          
          
     
Technical Abstract (Limit 2000 characters, approximately 200 words):

NASA is seeking improvements to current spacesuit pressure garment bladders in several key areas, including increased microbial resistance, imparting self-healing capability, and decreasing the friction between the bladder and surrounding materials. To create these improvements, TRI Austin proposes developing a new polyurethane based coating for the Oxford-weave nylon currently used in legacy space suit pressure garment bladders. This new polyurethane will be developed in collaboration with experts at a local university, who have created FDA approved additives to make polyurethanes, as well as other polymers, persistently antimicrobial and resistant to forming biofilms. These new polyurethanes are expected to decrease or even eliminate the need for biocide use in next-gen space suit applications, without causing significant changes to the current production or processing methods. In addition, imparting self-healing properties and minimizing friction with surrounding materials will be investigated as these polyurethanes are formulated. TRI Austin will work with the current producer of pressure garment bladders to ensure the new polyurethane is a drop-in replacement for the legacy material. The new formulation will be iteratively developed until a polyurethane is created which satisfies or exceeds all of NASA’s desired requirements.

          
          
     
Potential NASA Applications (Limit 1500 characters, approximately 150 words):

Potential NASA applications include new materials for pressure garment bladders for integration into the Exploration Extravehicular Mobility Unit (xEMU) and used in a variety of space based missions including on the International Space Station (ISS), and in future missions to both the Moon and Mars. Additionally, this material could be used in other applications that require both flexibility and antimicrobial properties.

          
          
     
Potential Non-NASA Applications (Limit 1500 characters, approximately 150 words):

Applications could include use as persistent antimicrobial coatings and films, such as those used for marine diving, water containment, sewage treatment, CBRN protective suits, and creation of antimicrobial surfaces, at the industrial and consumer level. Finally, the new material may find use by the US Department of Defense, in flight suits and coatings for water containment systems.

          
          
     
Duration:     6
          
          

PROPOSAL NUMBER:
 21-1- A3.01-3039
SUBTOPIC TITLE:
 Advanced Air Traffic Management System Concepts
PROPOSAL TITLE:
 Risk Based Trajectory Service

Small Business Concern

   
Firm:
          
ATA, LLC
          
   
Address:
          
8521 Leesburg Pike, Suite 310, Vienna, VA 22182
          
   
Phone:
          
(202) 489-7449                                                                                                                                                                                
          

Principal Investigator:

   
Name:
          
Mr. John Eberhardt III
          
   
E-mail:
          
jeberhardt@ata-llc.com
          
   
Address:
          
8521 Leesburg Pike, Suite 310, VA 22182 - 0000
          
   
Phone:
          
(415) 254-7996                                                                                                                                                                                
          

Business Official:

   
Name:
          
Craig Parisot
          
   
E-mail:
          
cparisot@ata-llc.com
          
   
Address:
          
8521 Leesburg Pike, Suite 310, VA 22182 - 0000
          
   
Phone:
          
(202) 489-7449                                                                                                                                                                                
          

Summary Details:

   
Estimated Technology Readiness Level (TRL) :                                                                                                                                                          
Begin: 2
End: 4
          
          
     
Technical Abstract (Limit 2000 characters, approximately 200 words):

ATA’s proposed innovation is to create an Application Programming Interface (API)-based service that calculates Risk Based Trajectories (RiBT) by integrating multiple geospatial data sources with risk models to provide real-time geospatial risk metrics that are then optimized into risk-optimized trajectories. The RiBT will be used in Unmanned Aerial Systems (UAS) operations by human Remote Pilot in Command (RPIC) and Autonomous vehicles in the Flight Planning and En Route phases of flight.

RiBT enhances trajectory based operations (TBO) for UAS by providing a rigorous safety facet to optimizing trajectories within the National Air Space (NAS) – enhancing “safe, end-to-end TBO”, as described in the topic and the FAA NextGen 2025 Trajectory Based Operations goals. The service based design of the proposed RiBT solution supports the service architecture design of UTM and further enables the “integration of independent systems and domains, and increasingly diverse and unconventional operations” by creating common understanding of the relative risk of the airspace.

RiBT supports Thrust 1 of the AMRD Strategic Plan (NASA Aeronautics Research Mission Directorate, Strategic Implementation Plan, 2019 Update) by supporting the safe integration of UAS through consistent risk assessment and application to trajectory.  RiBT addresses the research theme of Safety Management and Emergent Risks in Thrust 1 by hosting and delivering multiple prognostic risk estimates, in real time, to all NAS participants; supporting safety assurance in a NAS with increased traffic volume and diversity of operations.

ATA will provide a fully functional RiBT prototype at a NASA Technology Readiness Level (TRL) of 4 with a testing and performance metrics for validation and verification.  The prototype will allow NASA and Commercial evaluators to input planned flight trajectories into the prototype API and receive risk metrics and Risk Based Trajectory segments in return.

          
          
     
Potential NASA Applications (Limit 1500 characters, approximately 150 words):
  • Enhanced risk management and risk integration into UAS flight planning for both human controlled and autonomous NASA UAS operations
  • Integration and enhancement with complementary Safe2Ditch and high density vertiplex efforts
  • Ability to study increased density through better risk management and assess and quantify events against a consistent risk metric to support UTM research and development
          
          
     
Potential Non-NASA Applications (Limit 1500 characters, approximately 150 words):
  • Enhanced risk management and integration into UAS flight planning for both human controlled and autonomous UAS operations
  • Integrated pre-programmed risk adjusted flight and diversion routes for autonomous UAS vehicles in package delivery and public safety
  • Metrics to support improved liability and risk management for insurance purposes
  • Integration with commercial USS/UTM provider products
          
          
     
Duration:     5
          
          

PROPOSAL NUMBER:
 21-1- S5.03-3258
SUBTOPIC TITLE:
 Accelerating NASA Science and Engineering through the Application of Artificial Intelligence
PROPOSAL TITLE:
 ML-based Model for Autonomous analysis of Spectral Data.

Small Business Concern

   
Firm:
          
eXaminArt, LLC
          
   
Address:
          
922 San Leandro Avenue, Suite G, Moutain View, CA 94043
          
   
Phone:
          
(650) 799-2118                                                                                                                                                                                
          

Principal Investigator:

   
Name:
          
Philippe Sarrazin
          
   
E-mail:
          
philippe.sarrazin@examinart.com
          
   
Address:
          
922 San Leandro ave, Ste G, CA 94043 - 1998
          
   
Phone:
          
(650) 799-2118                                                                                                                                                                                
          

Business Official:

   
Name:
          
Philippe Sarrazin
          
   
E-mail:
          
philippe.sarrazin@examinart.com
          
   
Address:
          
922 San Leandro ave, Ste G, CA 94043 - 1998
          
   
Phone:
          
(650) 799-2118                                                                                                                                                                                
          

Summary Details:

   
Estimated Technology Readiness Level (TRL) :                                                                                                                                                          
Begin: 2
End: 4
          
          
     
Technical Abstract (Limit 2000 characters, approximately 200 words):

We propose to develop the foundation of a Machine Learning (ML) model for autonomous interpretation of spectroscopic data, and demonstrate in a cloud-based application for interpretation mineralogical data. Our goal is to demonstrate a tool that can process a range of analytical techniques with a high degree of automation and performance that rival that of expert users with conventional analytical software. The automation and ease of use will enable automated analysis of large quantities of data, allow non-experts to extract valuable high-level scientific products from raw data, and empower experts with a new approach to data analysis. The model demonstrated with this effort will provide the base on which methods for automated analysis spectroscopic data can be developed for implementation in autonomous rovers and spacecrafts.

While our proposed approach can be –and will be– extended to more analytical techniques, we are focusing our current development on two methods: X-ray diffraction (XRD), a well-established technique for identification and quantification of crystalline materials, currently deployed on Mars in Curiosity, and Raman spectroscopy, a more recent method that has shown increasing popularity over the last decade and that will be deployed in upcoming Mars missions including Mars 2020. XRD and Raman provide two different case studies on which we will ultimately develop a technique-agnostic analytical tool.

          
          
     
Potential NASA Applications (Limit 1500 characters, approximately 150 words):

Analysis of mineralogical data in planetary exploration using our web-app QAnalyze (X-ray diffraction, Raman spectroscopy, and more). Model for on-board autonomous analysis of a wide range of spectral data from rovers used in planetary exploration or ISRU, or for remote sensing platform fitted with spectroscopic instruments.

          
          
     
Potential Non-NASA Applications (Limit 1500 characters, approximately 150 words):

Provide rapid, accurate, and automated data analysis of XRD patterns and Raman spectra in a Software as a Service model. New applications opportunities in a wide range of industries (oil and mining exploration, pharma, etc) for discovery, quality control and process monitoring.

          
          
     
Duration:     6
          
          

PROPOSAL NUMBER:
 21-1- Z8.02-3303
SUBTOPIC TITLE:
 Communications and Navigation for Distributed Small Spacecraft Beyond Low Earth Orbit (LEO)
PROPOSAL TITLE:
 Using Autonomous Outposts as Data Relays to Support Distributed Spacecraft

Small Business Concern

   
Firm:
          
NanoRacks, LLC
          
   
Address:
          
503 Forge River Road, Webster, TX 77598
          
   
Phone:
          
(832) 632-7754                                                                                                                                                                                
          

Principal Investigator:

   
Name:
          
Michael Lewis
          
   
E-mail:
          
mlewis@nanoracks.com
          
   
Address:
          
18100 Upper Bay Road, TX 77058 - 3547
          
   
Phone:
          
(303) 819-6722                                                                                                                                                                                
          

Business Official:

   
Name:
          
Christopher Cummins
          
   
E-mail:
          
ckcummins@nanoracks.com
          
   
Address:
          
18100 Upper Bay Road, TX 77058 - 3547
          
   
Phone:
          
(832) 632-7754                                                                                                                                                                                
          

Summary Details:

   
Estimated Technology Readiness Level (TRL) :                                                                                                                                                          
Begin: 2
End: 3
          
          
     
Technical Abstract (Limit 2000 characters, approximately 200 words):

Distributed small space vehicles, cooperating in a dynamic environment, are critical for the success of planetary exploration within the next decade. However, the effectiveness of these distributed vehicle swarms will be limited by two factors – the size of the individual vehicles (which will determine onboard data relay capabilities) and their distance from the command centers on Earth. The existence of flexible, rapid, low-cost platforms in the cislunar and translunar environments can increase the resiliency and effectiveness of exploratory mission designs by providing a localized area network capacity for communication, PNT, and data relay back to Earth.

 

Nanoracks is currently developing a technological capability which will enable such an integrated solution by repurposing launch vehicle upper stages by attaching a modular hardware bus, or Mission Extension Kit (MEK). After primary payload deployment, the MEK takes over control of the upper stage, providing power, pointing, data down/uplink, and maneuver capabilities. The upper stage becomes an Outpost.

Nanoracks proposes undertaking a study to pursue a new path of Outpost concepts of operations: localized data services for distributed space vehicles. This Phase I study will develop a theoretical framework for accomplishing identified and prioritized missions and will demonstrate feasibility for required technological development or integration. The study will provide research results which clearly depict metrics and performance of the technology in comparison to existing solutions. In a follow-on Phase II, Nanoracks expects to demonstrate a prototype capability onboard a suitable ground testbed, followed by a Phase III flight demonstration of the capability. The ultimate goal of this effort are regular flight missions of an operational Outpost capable of providing services in support of the identified missions

          
          
     
Potential NASA Applications (Limit 1500 characters, approximately 150 words):

This study is designed to address specific Outpost capabilities which can support localized data services for distributed space vehicles to support NASA’s exploration goals, to inform the initial development of an Outpost as a robust orbital data relay platform. An Outpost with capabilities can also provide autonomous “carrier” capabilities to vehicles, including refueling, repair, component storage, cargo exchange, and localized PNT/command/data/communication relays.

          
          
     
Potential Non-NASA Applications (Limit 1500 characters, approximately 150 words):

Nanoracks’ MEK is designed to turn Outposts into key platforms for the future orbital ecosystem. Outposts located in LEO/GEO will provide payload hosting services, refueling, repair, and other robotically enabled services, and host OSAM activities. Outposts also can serve as distributed network nodes for communications or PNT. Nanoracks hopes to begin development of such systems within this study.

          
          
     
Duration:     6
          
          

PROPOSAL NUMBER:
 21-1- A2.03-1375
SUBTOPIC TITLE:
 Advanced Air Mobility (AAM) Integration
PROPOSAL TITLE:
 Weather Testbed for Urban Air Mobility

Small Business Concern

   
Firm:
          
Climacell
          
   
Address:
          
280 Summer Street, 8th Floor, Boston, MA 02210
          
   
Phone:
          
(800) 735-7075                                                                                                                                                                                
          

Principal Investigator:

   
Name:
          
Wallace Hogsett
          
   
E-mail:
          
wallace.hogsett@climacell.co
          
   
Address:
          
280 Summer Street, 8th Floor, MA 02210 - 1131
          
   
Phone:
          
(817) 691-7235                                                                                                                                                                                
          

Business Official:

   
Name:
          
Joe Bartlett
          
   
E-mail:
          
joe@climacell.co
          
   
Address:
          
280 Summer Street, 8th Floor, MA 02210 - 1131
          
   
Phone:
          
(781) 462-5725                                                                                                                                                                                
          

Summary Details:

   
Estimated Technology Readiness Level (TRL) :                                                                                                                                                          
Begin: 3
End: 4
          
          
     
Technical Abstract (Limit 2000 characters, approximately 200 words):

ClimaCell, in collaboration with MIT Lincoln Laboratory, proposes the development of an innovative Urban Air Mobility (UAM) Weather Testbed to provide weather information at a high-resolution to capture fine-scale phenomena impactful to future UAM operations.  The testbed will consider the use of currently available sensors, as well as other advanced technology to meet current low-altitude weather information gaps to facilitate safe and efficient UAM operations.  Using artificial intelligence and numerical weather prediction approaches, the sparse weather observations will be used to analyze current weather conditions at high-resolution in three-dimensions and produce forecasts with products tailored for the UAM community.  In designing this prototype network, input from a variety of UAM stakeholders will be solicited to ensure that the network will meet their anticipated needs, and the interaction will continue as the network is built out for additional feedback.  This Phase I work will include a weather information gaps assessment, architecture design for an urban weather testbed for UAM, and identification of suitable municipalities for hosting a build out of a prototype testbed.  In a follow-on Phase II effort, the network would be built out in at least one municipality and the high-resolution data would be marketed to additional customers beyond the UAM community to sustain a network in the interim, given that it is expected to be a number of years until a critical mass of UAM customers exists to pay for the network maintenance.

          
          
     
Potential NASA Applications (Limit 1500 characters, approximately 150 words):

NASA is leading the nation’s effort to rapidly develop and enable Urban Air Mobility and Advance Air Mobility operations.  Complex low-altitude weather adversely affects and poses a hazard to these operations.  A reduction in weather and wind uncertainty at high-resolution as provided by this urban weather testbed will help facilitate safe and efficient Urban Air Mobility flights. Additional high-resolution weather information will be useful to unmanned aerial system operators and traditional aviation operators at commercial airports as well.

          
          
     
Potential Non-NASA Applications (Limit 1500 characters, approximately 150 words):

The ultimate operational system resulting from this work will be high-resolution weather data and forecasts produced by a refined network of weather sensing infrastructure to be marketed as an application for Providers of Services for UAM (PSUs).  This urban weather information will also be useful to NOAA and the NWS for forecasting, and the many other applications of the weather enterprise.

          
          
     
Duration:     6
          
          

PROPOSAL NUMBER:
 21-1- A1.05-1390
SUBTOPIC TITLE:
 Computational Tools and Methods
PROPOSAL TITLE:
 Automated and Scalable Mesh Generation for Wall-Modeled Large Eddy Simulation

Small Business Concern

   
Firm:
          
Pointwise, Inc.
          
   
Address:
          
213 South Jennings Avenue, Fort Worth, TX 76104
          
   
Phone:
          
(817) 377-2807                                                                                                                                                                                
          

Principal Investigator:

   
Name:
          
Steve Karman
          
   
E-mail:
          
skarman@pointwise.com
          
   
Address:
          
213 South Jennings Avenue, TX 76104 -
          
   
Phone:
          
(817) 377-2807                                                                                                                                                                                
          

Business Official:

   
Name:
          
Nick Wyman
          
   
E-mail:
          
nwyman@pointwise.com
          
   
Address:
          
213 South Jennings Avenue, TX 76104 - 1107
          
   
Phone:
          
(817) 377-2807                                                                                                                                                                                
          

Summary Details:

   
Estimated Technology Readiness Level (TRL) :                                                                                                                                                          
Begin: 3
End: 4
          
          
     
Technical Abstract (Limit 2000 characters, approximately 200 words):

The proposed effort will provide a robust and automated approach for creating body-conforming meshes suitable for WMLES simulations for arbitrary geometries in a MPI parallel environment. Most current commercial mesh generation software operates on engineering workstations and usually takes advantage of multiple core processors to accelerate the mesh generation process. The proposed effort would work on multi-core workstations and in a distributed parallel environment to take advantage of more processors and much more memory to create large scale meshes for WMLES simulations. The developed framework will also provide a pathway to implement solution-based adaptive mesh refinement during the analysis phase that could operate simultaneously with the CFD analysis tools.

          
          
     
Potential NASA Applications (Limit 1500 characters, approximately 150 words):

NASA has developed numerous simulation tools for WMLES with application in air vehicles (both fixed and rotating wing), space vehicle launch, assent, and entry, parachute deployment, and complex moving-body problems.  The proposed technology will be applicable to these program objectives and support existing simulation workflows.

          
          
     
Potential Non-NASA Applications (Limit 1500 characters, approximately 150 words):

Military applications include vehicle aerodynamics and store separation.  Civil applications include vehicle aerodynamics, propulsion integration, rotorcraft, medical device, power generation, and complex moving-body problems.

          
          
     
Duration:     6
          
          

PROPOSAL NUMBER:
 21-1- S2.05-1514
SUBTOPIC TITLE:
 Technology for the Precision Radial Velocity Measurement Technique
PROPOSAL TITLE:
 Integrated Photonic Spectrograph

Small Business Concern

   
Firm:
          
Lynntech, Inc.
          
   
Address:
          
2501 Earl Rudder Freeway South, College Station, TX 77845
          
   
Phone:
          
(979) 764-2200                                                                                                                                                                                
          

Principal Investigator:

   
Name:
          
Dr. Dwayne Macik
          
   
E-mail:
          
Dwayne.Macik@lynntech.com
          
   
Address:
          
2501 Earl Rudder Freeway South, TX 77845 - 6023
          
   
Phone:
          
(979) 764-2200                                                                                                                                                                                
          

Business Official:

   
Name:
          
Darla Hisaw
          
   
E-mail:
          
darla.hisaw@lynntech.com
          
   
Address:
          
2501 Earl Rudder Freeway South, TX 77845 - 6023
          
   
Phone:
          
(979) 764-2219                                                                                                                                                                                
          

Summary Details:

   
Estimated Technology Readiness Level (TRL) :                                                                                                                                                          
Begin: 3
End: 4
          
          
     
Technical Abstract (Limit 2000 characters, approximately 200 words):

Precise radial velocity (PRV) measurements play a critical role in the strategic goal of NASA to find planetary bodies and habitable Earth-like planets. Ground based telescopes currently achieve ~1 m/s single measurement precision. New generation visible PRV systems have demonstrated ~30 cm/s, but in order to reach the sensitivity of 1-10 cm/s, as expressed in the NASA Decadal Survey, advances need to be made in the various components and subsystems of these instruments that lead to space-based systems. Current astrophotonic spectrometers have a limited operational bandwidth of ≤ 200 nm, channel spacing of ≥ 1.5 nm, a limited linewidth of ≥ 0.15 nm. These devices also have large optical loss, relatively large footprints, and require off-chip detection. Lynntech proposes an integrated photonic spectrograph with on-chip photodetection. This device will offer improvements in all the categories above, as well as, on-chip photodetection, multimode input, and spectral filtering. The Phase I project will target a feasibility demonstration of the proposed integrated spectrograph for multimode input, larger operational bandwidth, and spectral filtering. The Phase II project will develop and demonstrate the full resolution device that can be incorporated with large ground-based telescopes and cube-sats.

          
          
     
Potential NASA Applications (Limit 1500 characters, approximately 150 words):

Lynntech’s integrated photonic spectrograph with on-chip photodetection provides size, weight, and power benefits, as well as, cost savings for the following NASA applications: (1) Large ground-based telescopes, (2) Use in nano-sats and cube-sats, (3) free-space optical telecommunications, and (4) chemical sensing.

          
          
     
Potential Non-NASA Applications (Limit 1500 characters, approximately 150 words):

The integrated photonic spectrograph with on-chip photodetection can be used in the commercial market in (1) portable sensing applications such as chemical and biological sensing, as well as, spectral characterization of different materials and (2) free-space optical telecommunications.

          
          
     
Duration:     6
          
          

PROPOSAL NUMBER:
 21-1- Z8.12-1837
SUBTOPIC TITLE:
 Modular and Batch-Producible Small Spacecraft
PROPOSAL TITLE:
 Software-Defined Power Controller: Enabling Adjustability of Spacecraft Power Systems during AIT and On-Orbit Operations

Small Business Concern

   
Firm:
          
Amplified Design Solutions, LLC
          
   
Address:
          
2 James Circle, Longmont, CO 80501
          
   
Phone:
          
(303) 523-7842                                                                                                                                                                                
          

Principal Investigator:

   
Name:
          
Jerome Hittle
          
   
E-mail:
          
jhittle@amplifiedspace.com
          
   
Address:
          
2 James Circle, CO 80501 - 6805
          
   
Phone:
          
(303) 523-7842                                                                                                                                                                                
          

Business Official:

   
Name:
          
Jerome Hittle
          
   
E-mail:
          
jhittle@amplifiedspace.com
          
   
Address:
          
2 James Circle, CO 80501 - 6805
          
   
Phone:
          
(303) 523-7842                                                                                                                                                                                
          

Summary Details:

   
Estimated Technology Readiness Level (TRL) :                                                                                                                                                          
Begin: 2
End: 4
          
          
     
Technical Abstract (Limit 2000 characters, approximately 200 words):

AmplifiedSpace hypothesizes that the development of a new Software-Defined Power Controller (SDPC) using digital control techniques, commercially available wide-bandgap GaN transistors, and power converter topologies that enable both stepping-up and stepping-down of input voltages, will result in the most efficient, modular, and adjustable power system ever designed for aerospace.  During assembly, integration, and test (AIT) the SDPC can quickly interface an assortment of solar arrays, energy storage devices, and payloads into a complete EPS system within minutes, reducing NRE by a factor of 10 or more.  Digital control of the load supplies will also provide the ability to change the output voltage, allowing for the Concept of Operations (CONOPS) teams to have the ability to actively interleave power requirements for different loads while in flight – a task that is believed to have never been performed in space.

          
          
     
Potential NASA Applications (Limit 1500 characters, approximately 150 words):

This Software-Defined Power Controller can be used by cubesats ranging from 3U to 12U and is scalable to ESPA class and larger satellites.  The technology developed within the control system is also applicable to other control systems in which NASA has expressed interest, including other SBIR solicitations including radiation tolerant point-of-load converters (S3.08), radioisotope thermoelectric generators (RTGs) (S3.02), and large power systems on the surface of the Mars and the Moon (Z1.05) with the Artemis program.

          
          
     
Potential Non-NASA Applications (Limit 1500 characters, approximately 150 words):

The Software-Defined Power Controller can be used in cubesats developed by the Space Force, Air Force, National Science Foundation, and commercial companies.  The education sector often has changes in power system requirements from mission to mission where system level modularity is important.  The solid state drive industry is also interested in using this tech for capacitive backup systems.

          
          
     
Duration:     6
          
          

PROPOSAL NUMBER:
 21-1- S1.04-1594
SUBTOPIC TITLE:
 Sensor and Detector Technologies for Visible, Infrared (IR), Far-IR, and Submillimeter
PROPOSAL TITLE:
 Extended Short Wave Infrared Focal Plane Array for Versatile Imaging Systems

Small Business Concern

   
Firm:
          
NOUR, LLC
          
   
Address:
          
1500 Sheridan Road, Unit 8A, Wilmette, IL 60091
          
   
Phone:
          
(847) 491-7251                                                                                                                                                                                
          

Principal Investigator:

   
Name:
          
GAIL BROWN
          
   
E-mail:
          
browngj1s@earthlink.net
          
   
Address:
          
1500 Sheridan Road, Unit 8A, IL 60091 - 1880
          
   
Phone:
          
(937) 902-1605                                                                                                                                                                                
          

Business Official:

   
Name:
          
Manijeh Razeghi
          
   
E-mail:
          
NOURRazeghi@yahoo.com
          
   
Address:
          
1500 Sheridan Road, Unit 8A, IL 60091 - 1880
          
   
Phone:
          
(847) 491-7251                                                                                                                                                                                
          

Summary Details:

   
Estimated Technology Readiness Level (TRL) :                                                                                                                                                          
Begin: 2
End: 4
          
          
     
Technical Abstract (Limit 2000 characters, approximately 200 words):

Several field applications require extended short wavelength infrared (e-SWIR) band capabilities in future systems. It is highly desirable to design a next-generation FPA to overcome the deficiencies of e-SWIR imaging sensors. In recent years, Antimonide-based Type-II superlattices (T2SL) represent the most promising material system capable of delivering more producible, large-format, reduced pixel pitch, e-SWIR focal plane arrays (FPAs) for global observation applications. We propose to develop T2SL-based photodetectors and FPAs for NASA imaging and spectroscopy applications in the spectral band from visible to extended e-SWIR (0.4–2.5µm) with a very low dark current density. Using the highest quality material and a novel bandgap-engineering design and process, we will fabricate high performance photodetectors and FPAs through the e-SWIR region.  In Phase I, we are going to continue to advance our previous work on design and structure of NIR and SWIR T2SL photodetectors and then demonstrate a novel e–SWIR uni-traveling carrier bandstructure–engineered photodetector design utilizing an optimum device structure and material(s) to achieve operation at 150K and above. We will simulate essential electrical and optical characteristics for a device that meets the performance requirements for low dark-current (<1×10-10 A/cm2) and high quantum efficiency (>70%) at 150K. Fabricate and test single element devices as proof of concept for future large format imager suitable for hyperspectral and atmospheric sensing. In this project, Northwestern University will collaborate with Nour, LLC to study and grow strain-balanced InAs1-xSbx/InAs and InAs/AlSb/GaSb Type-II superlattices with barrier structures for e-SWIR photodetectors. Using these superlattice structures, it is expected to achieve longer minority carrier lifetime and lower dark current densities.  This will enable reduced imager cooling and significantly reduce size, weight and power of remote observation platforms.

          
          
     
Potential NASA Applications (Limit 1500 characters, approximately 150 words):

To obtain high sensitivity over the entire 0.4-2.5 μm wavelength band, the usual approach is to use multiple detectors. This approach complicates the size and complexity of the imaging system for earth observation missions. For these missions, a single visible to eSWIR array is of special interest to NASA for global observations to study the world’s ecosystems, climate change, atmospheric monitoring and provide critical information on natural disasters such as volcanoes, wildfires and drought.

          
          
     
Potential Non-NASA Applications (Limit 1500 characters, approximately 150 words):
  • Commercial applications: geophysics, geology, remote environmental (pollution) monitoring, law enforcement, search and rescue, firefighting and emergency response.
  • Department of Defense applications: space-based situational awareness applications, ballistic missile defense, reconnaissance & night vision, and covert night pilotage of sea, land, & air craft.
          
          
     
Duration:     6
          
          

PROPOSAL NUMBER:
 21-1- S1.06-2529
SUBTOPIC TITLE:
 Particles and Fields Sensors and Instrument Enabling Technologies
PROPOSAL TITLE:
 Variable High Voltage DC with 2 KHz AC Modulator for Faraday Cup Applications

Small Business Concern

   
Firm:
          
Busek Company, Inc.
          
   
Address:
          
11 Tech Circle, Natick, MA 01760
          
   
Phone:
          
(508) 655-5565                                                                                                                                                                                
          

Principal Investigator:

   
Name:
          
Samantha Gray
          
   
E-mail:
          
sgray@busek.com
          
   
Address:
          
11 Tech Circle, MA 01760 - 1023
          
   
Phone:
          
(508) 655-5565                                                                                                                                                                                
          

Business Official:

   
Name:
          
Judy Budny
          
   
E-mail:
          
judy@busek.com
          
   
Address:
          
11 Tech Circle, MA 01760 - 1023
          
   
Phone:
          
(508) 655-5565                                                                                                                                                                                
          

Summary Details:

   
Estimated Technology Readiness Level (TRL) :                                                                                                                                                          
Begin: 2
End: 4
          
          
     
Technical Abstract (Limit 2000 characters, approximately 200 words):

Advancing the instrumentation to detect elementary particles is critical for future space weather missions. To progress the study of the flow of energy that heats and accelerates solar corona and wind, a next generation Faraday Cup is needed. Extending the range of solar wind speed measurements to 2,500 km/sec or more requires a new, innovative power supply with significant high-voltage DC and AC modulation capabilities.

We propose a variable sine wave power supply capable of delivering up to 40kV DC with a 2kHz AC modulation up to 4kV peak to peak. This venture will leverage Busek’s previous experience with delivering radiation hardened PPUs and developing a suite of Plasma Probes with custom electronics to deliver a prototype with a path to a radiation hardened flight system. The proposed architecture is based on a Cockroft Walton Voltage Multiplier to generate a high voltage DC offset and a Resonant Royer Oscillator to produce an AC waveform superimposed on the high voltage DC bias. The proposed architecture offers many advantages that will simplify the path to flight design process. The multiplier circuit contains simple passives and imposes equal voltage stress on each stage. This eases component selection, reduces BOM costs, and improves compactness. The Resonant Royer Oscillator is a self-resonating circuit used in many high voltage applications that offers user flexibility, simplicity, efficiency and low component count. By implementing high voltage design techniques and testing considerations, this Phase I effort will validate the feasibility of the proposed power supply in a laboratory environment to meet the needs of next generation Faraday Cup.

          
          
     
Potential NASA Applications (Limit 1500 characters, approximately 150 words):

NASA applications include continued and extended research of space weather missions such as characterizing the dynamics of the plasma at the sources of solar wind. This innovation will support the development and use of new particle sensors and instrumentation. In addition, the industry has a large gap in available radiation hardened high voltage supplies. Other NASA missions require advancements in this area. The proposed technology offers to extend that range and introduce a supply that can support various DC offset voltages and applications.

          
          
     
Potential Non-NASA Applications (Limit 1500 characters, approximately 150 words):

Non-NASA applications which utilize high voltage power supplies and probe diagnostic tools for ground based or flight ventures in both academic and commercial fields. There is a critical gap in compact, radiation hardened power supplies that can be applied to other applications such as Electrospray work, Retarding Potential Analyzers, and other missions that require high voltage supplies.

          
          
     
Duration:     6
          
          

PROPOSAL NUMBER:
 21-1- S5.01-2622
SUBTOPIC TITLE:
 Technologies for Large-Scale Numerical Simulation
PROPOSAL TITLE:
 Virtual MemComputing Machine

Small Business Concern

   
Firm:
          
MemComputing, Inc.
          
   
Address:
          
9909 Huennekens Street, 110, San Diego, CA 92121
          
   
Phone:
          
(760) 525-1241                                                                                                                                                                                
          

Principal Investigator:

   
Name:
          
Mr. John Aiken
          
   
E-mail:
          
jaiken@memcpu.com
          
   
Address:
          
2185 Oxford Ave, CA 92007 - 1880
          
   
Phone:
          
(760) 525-1241                                                                                                                                                                                
          

Business Official:

   
Name:
          
John Beane
          
   
E-mail:
          
jbeane@memcpu.com
          
   
Address:
          
9909 Huennekens Street, 110, 92121 - 2928
          
   
Phone:
          
(760) 402-6721                                                                                                                                                                                
          

Summary Details:

   
Estimated Technology Readiness Level (TRL) :                                                                                                                                                          
Begin: 6
End: 9
          
          
     
Technical Abstract (Limit 2000 characters, approximately 200 words):

MemComputing’s technology is disrupting the high-performance commercial computing industry by dramatically reducing the time to find solutions to the most complex optimization problems across all industries today. Using a physics-based approach, MemComputing’s novel circuit architecture liberates users from current computational bottlenecks, enabling companies of all sizes to accurately analyze huge amounts of data in minutes or seconds, empowering them to make optimal business decisions quickly. 


MemComputing’s Software-as-a-Service platform, called the Virtual MemComputing Machine (VMM), is currently being used today by Fortune 500 companies, and is designed to solve the largest and most complex industrial computations associated with optimization, big data analytics, and machine learning. Obtaining optimal solutions in a faster time frame using a fraction of today’s required resources not only results in significant cost savings, but also opens the door for greatly improved operational efficiencies.

 

Studies of the MemComputing platform demonstrate that MemComputing delivers the power expected of Quantum Computers, with its non-Quantum solution. MemComputing boasts 17 peer-reviewed scientific papers, published in prestigious scientific journals, as well as 2 issues patents. 
 

          
          
     
Potential NASA Applications (Limit 1500 characters, approximately 150 words):

NASA relies on supercomputing systems to understand Earth's astrophysical systems and to conduct high-fidelity aerospace engineering analyses. MemComputing targets accelerating the computational workloads of NASA's current and future projects. The economic benefits of achieving optimal solutions to currently intractable problems is tremendous.  MemComputing's approach delivers dramatically improved solutions in a fraction of the time while requiring far fewer resources.

          
          
     
Potential Non-NASA Applications (Limit 1500 characters, approximately 150 words):

MemComputing’s SaaS, the Virtual MemComputing Machine (VMM), is being used by the Fortune 500. It is designed to solve the most complex industrial computations associated with optimization and data analytics. Obtaining optimal solutions in a faster time frame using a fraction of the required resources results in significant cost savings, and opens the door for greatly improved operations.

          
          
     
Duration:     6
          
          

PROPOSAL NUMBER:
 21-1- H3.02-1919
SUBTOPIC TITLE:
 Microbial Monitoring for Spacecraft Cabins
PROPOSAL TITLE:
 Microbial Monitoring of Spacecraft & Habitats Utilizing Advanced Metabolomics Analytical Methods

Small Business Concern

   
Firm:
          
Connecticut Analytical Corporation
          
   
Address:
          
696 Amity Road, Bethany, CT 06524
          
   
Phone:
          
(203) 393-9666                                                                                                                                                                                
          

Principal Investigator:

   
Name:
          
Joseph Bango
          
   
E-mail:
          
jbango@ctanalytical.com
          
   
Address:
          
696 Amity Road, CT 06524 - 3006
          
   
Phone:
          
(203) 393-9666                                                                                                                                                                                
          

Business Official:

   
Name:
          
Joseph Bango
          
   
E-mail:
          
jbango@ctanalytical.com
          
   
Address:
          
696 Amity Road, CT 06524 - 3006
          
   
Phone:
          
(203) 393-9666                                                                                                                                                                                
          

Summary Details:

   
Estimated Technology Readiness Level (TRL) :                                                                                                                                                          
Begin: 2
End: 5
          
          
     
Technical Abstract (Limit 2000 characters, approximately 200 words):

Under the present NASA SBIR solicitation, it has been stated that “future human spacecraft, such as Gateway and Mars vehicles, may be required to be dormant while crew is absent from the vehicle, for periods that could last from 1 to 3 years. Before crews can return, these environments must be verified prior to crew return. These novel methods have the potential to enable remote autonomous microbial monitoring that does not require manual sample collection, preparation, or processing." 

The proposed research leverages off of prior successful NASA and DHS investigations where trace species in the air are attracted to, and captured by, desorbing electrospray droplets. Microorganisms can be captured in this manner, and lysed at will for examination using mass spectrometry for proteomic and metabolic biomarker discovery.

A Phase II in 2008 which included Nobel Laureate Dr. John Fenn, space suit manufacturer Hamilton-Sundstrand, and former Apollo 11 astronaut Buzz Aldrin, teamed with our firm along with Dr. Jim Gaier formerly of NASA Glenn, to create an electrospray air filtration system using only milliwatts of power and zero pressure drop to scrub the air of simulated lunar regolith for use on spacecraft and in lunar habitats. This system was featured in NASA Tech Briefs.

For this new study, we propose to merge the air filtration techniques learned from the earlier study, which revealed that airborne microorganisms could be captured by electrospray, and to direct those captured trace species into a mass analyzer for identification via metabolomic data.

          
          
     
Potential NASA Applications (Limit 1500 characters, approximately 150 words):

The NASA applications include not only pathogen detection on board a spacecraft or in a habitat, but allow for pathogen removal in addition to any particulates and NASA SMAC gases that may be present. An added potential benefit is the possibility of monitoring crew health via exhaled breath once aboard the spacecraft or while occupying a habitat.

          
          
     
Potential Non-NASA Applications (Limit 1500 characters, approximately 150 words):

Non-NASA applications include potential pathogen air monitoring in a building, hospital air quality monitoring, commercial air filtration, and biosafety air purification applications.

          
          
     
Duration:     6
          
          

PROPOSAL NUMBER:
 21-1- Z3.03-2201
SUBTOPIC TITLE:
 Development of Advanced Joining Technologies, Large-Scale Additive Manufacturing Processes, and Metal Recycling Technologies for On-Orbit Manufacturing
PROPOSAL TITLE:
 Welding of Thermoplastic Composites Using Smart Susceptor Technology

Small Business Concern

   
Firm:
          
Temper, Inc.
          
   
Address:
          
12333 Luyk Drive Northeast, Cedar Springs, MI 49319
          
   
Phone:
          
(616) 648-9476                                                                                                                                                                                
          

Principal Investigator:

   
Name:
          
William Dykstra
          
   
E-mail:
          
billdykstra@temperinc.com
          
   
Address:
          
12333 Luyk Dr NE, MI 49319 - 8258
          
   
Phone:
          
(616) 648-9476                                                                                                                                                                                
          

Business Official:

   
Name:
          
William Dykstra
          
   
E-mail:
          
billdykstra@temperinc.com
          
   
Address:
          
12333 Luyk Dr NE, MI 49319 - 8258
          
   
Phone:
          
(616) 648-9476                                                                                                                                                                                
          

Summary Details:

   
Estimated Technology Readiness Level (TRL) :                                                                                                                                                          
Begin: 3
End: 4
          
          
     
Technical Abstract (Limit 2000 characters, approximately 200 words):

This SBIR addresses the NASA subtopic Z3.03, Development of Advanced Joining Technologies. Humanity’s future in space requires technologies that enable long-duration, long-endurance missions to support human exploration and habitation. Essential to this goal is servicing, assembly, and manufacturing outside of earth’s gravity. Upon completion of the proposed work, Temper hopes to provide proof of concept of a fast, low-energy and reliable method for welding thermoplastic composites both on Earth and on-orbit. Designs for robotic end effectors to automate the process will also be developed.

While able to melt, re-solidify and weld like metals, thermoplastic composites have a higher strength-to-weight ratio and better thermostability. However, reliably joining thermoplastic components has proved difficult and costly. The work proposed in this SBIR will fulfil the objectives of performing prototype welding PEEK thermoplastic composites, validation of welded flat panels and tubular joints, identifying design concepts for robotic end effectors, and development of a method for manual repairs.

Temper has developed a Smart Susceptor alloy that controls induction heating to weld thermoplastic composites without the risk of softening, overheating, or deforming the components. This alloy is drawn into wires and fabricated into a weld tape for placement between the materials to be bonded. Utilizing fast and energy-efficient induction heating through alternating magnetic fields, once the Smart Susceptor reaches its Curie temperature, the metal alloy becomes non-magnetic and induction heating stops. Only light pressure (10 psi) is needed to comingle the melted resin and form the weld.

Controlled heating can be set for any length of time and cool-down or tempering profiles can be created to control the microstructure of the thermoplastic resin. This technology can be coupled with additive manufacturing so any type of thermoplastic component can be fabricated and assembled on-orbit.

          
          
     
Potential NASA Applications (Limit 1500 characters, approximately 150 words):

Welding of thermoplastic composites has applicability across several of NASA’s planned missions. As Artemis plans for the construction of high value structures such as habitat modules, trusses, and solar arrays, space-based welding supports its mission goals.

In addition to on-orbit manufacturing, repairs can be made to thermoplastics to increase the safety and longevity of equipment currently in space.

This technology can also be utilized pre-launch to manufacture light-weight components for launch system.

          
          
     
Potential Non-NASA Applications (Limit 1500 characters, approximately 150 words):

Smart Susceptor welding technology has commercial applications in the aerospace, defense, wind energy and automotive markets. The technology provides a thermoplastic composite equivalent to spot  and seam welding of metals currently used in industry. As lightweighting initiatives and use of thermoplastic composites continue to spread, the applications of this technology will continue to grow.

          
          
     
Duration:     6
          
          

PROPOSAL NUMBER:
 21-1- Z1.05-3110
SUBTOPIC TITLE:
 Lunar and Planetary Surface Power Management and Distribution
PROPOSAL TITLE:
 Efficient Laser Power Beaming for Lunar Operations

Small Business Concern

   
Firm:
          
LaserMotive Inc. DBA PowerLight Technologies
          
   
Address:
          
22026 68th Avenue South, Kent, WA 98032
          
   
Phone:
          
(206) 872-3300                                                                                                                                                                                
          

Principal Investigator:

   
Name:
          
Tom Nugent Jr
          
   
E-mail:
          
tom.nugent@powerlighttech.com
          
   
Address:
          
22026 68th Ave S, WA 98032 - 0000
          
   
Phone:
          
(253) 872-3300                                                                                                                                                                                
          

Business Official:

   
Name:
          
April Cook
          
   
E-mail:
          
april.cook@powerlighttech.com
          
   
Address:
          
22026 68th Ave S, WA 98032 - 0000
          
   
Phone:
          
(253) 872-3300                                                                                                                                                                                
          

Summary Details:

   
Estimated Technology Readiness Level (TRL) :                                                                                                                                                          
Begin: 3
End: 4
          
          
     
Technical Abstract (Limit 2000 characters, approximately 200 words):

This project will develop an efficient laser power beaming system for a variety of Lunar operation scenarios, including crewed bases and autonomous rovers.  This Phase 1 effort will explore transmitter, receiver, and system level trade-offs between a multitude of optical, electrical, and thermal subsystem design choices and parameters, based on our previous experience in designing, fabricating, testing and demonstrating long-range, high power wireless laser power beaming systems.

We will determine optimal values for major system design parameters, including transmit and receive aperture sizes, laser wavelength, and more for lunar operating constraints. We will recommend an overall system design that balances optimization between system size, mass, and end-to-end efficiency.

          
          
     
Potential NASA Applications (Limit 1500 characters, approximately 150 words):

The proposed system for wireless optical power distribution will apply to:

  • Rovers (e.g., exploration and mining at polar ice caps in perpetually dark craters)
  • Remote sensor suites
  • Communications gear (with data transfer)
  • Remote or distributed habitats and lunar work sites
  • In the future, it may be useful for space solar power to beam energy from the sun down to earth
          
          
     
Potential Non-NASA Applications (Limit 1500 characters, approximately 150 words):

Wireless power to remote telecom gear (military , industrial), remote sensors (military, industrial), unmanned vehicles (air, ground, sea, space), consumer devices, and  to remote work sites (lighting, equip, tools).

          
          
     
Duration:     6
          
          

PROPOSAL NUMBER:
 21-1- S2.03-3037
SUBTOPIC TITLE:
 Advanced Optical Systems and Fabrication/Testing/Control Technologies for Extended-Ultraviolet/Optical and Infrared Telescope
PROPOSAL TITLE:
 Affordable, Maneuvering Cubesat Telescope

Small Business Concern

   
Firm:
          
Quadrus Advanced Manufacturing, LLC
          
   
Address:
          
289 Dunlop Boulevard, Building 300, Huntsville, AL 35824
          
   
Phone:
          
(256) 679-9189                                                                                                                                                                                
          

Principal Investigator:

   
Name:
          
Melissa Forton
          
   
E-mail:
          
mforton@quadruscorp.com
          
   
Address:
          
289 Dunlop Blvd., Bldg. 300, AL 35824 - 1122
          
   
Phone:
          
(256) 801-3126                                                                                                                                                                                
          

Business Official:

   
Name:
          
Joseph Sims
          
   
E-mail:
          
jsims@QuadrusCorp.com
          
   
Address:
          
289 Dunlop Blvd., Bldg. 300, AL 35824 - 1122
          
   
Phone:
          
(256) 801-3128                                                                                                                                                                                
          

Summary Details:

   
Estimated Technology Readiness Level (TRL) :                                                                                                                                                          
Begin: 2
End: 3
          
          
     
Technical Abstract (Limit 2000 characters, approximately 200 words):

CubeSats carrying small space telescopes will be the enabling force for the next generation of space research allowing a less expensive route for professional and amateur astronomers to conduct their research. Quadrus Advanced Manufacturing, LLC (QAM) is pleased to offer an innovative approach in the manufacturing of Cassegrain telescope that minimizes the cost and time of manufacture while enabling the customization of the telescope optics to meet a particular mission’s requirements.  Additionally, the design integrates a cold gas aerospike propulsion system into the volume around the telescope tube.  Our design uses a high strength, machinable, low CTE polyimide plastic, for the majority of the components minimizing the potential for misalignment issues cause by thermal expansion.  Our fabrication process has a high potential for drastic cost and time savings.

The Phase I efforts will address the following

  • Spin Forming the Primary Parabolic Mirror out of a Low CTE Polyimide Plastic
  • Designing the Cold Gas Propulsion System

Testing a Demo Version of the Cassegrain Telescope

          
          
     
Potential NASA Applications (Limit 1500 characters, approximately 150 words):

Our commercialization strategy is to position ourselves as a supplier of inexpensive high quality Cassegrain telescopes for CubeSat applications that provide longer service life through an onboard cold gas propulsion system.

          
          
     
Potential Non-NASA Applications (Limit 1500 characters, approximately 150 words):

The potential non-NASA commercialization opportunities are to make off-the-shelf CubeSat telescope systems that are affordable for academic researchers, graduate students, high schools students, and professional astronomers.

          
          
     
Duration:     6
          
          

PROPOSAL NUMBER:
 21-1- H5.02-2268
SUBTOPIC TITLE:
 Hot Structure Technology for Aerospace Vehicles
PROPOSAL TITLE:
 The Joining of Carbon-Carbon Composites Using Field-Assisted Sintering Technology

Small Business Concern

   
Firm:
          
Ballydel Technologies, Inc.
          
   
Address:
          
550 South College Avenue, Suite 110, Newark, DE 19713
          
   
Phone:
          
(610) 304-0606                                                                                                                                                                                
          

Principal Investigator:

   
Name:
          
Brendan DeLacy
          
   
E-mail:
          
info@ballydel.com
          
   
Address:
          
550 South College Ave, Suite 110, DE 19713 - 0001
          
   
Phone:
          
(610) 304-0606                                                                                                                                                                                
          

Business Official:

   
Name:
          
Brendan DeLacy
          
   
E-mail:
          
info@ballydel.com
          
   
Address:
          
550 South College Ave, Suite 110, DE 19713 - 0001
          
   
Phone:
          
(610) 304-0606                                                                                                                                                                                
          

Summary Details:

   
Estimated Technology Readiness Level (TRL) :                                                                                                                                                          
Begin: 4
End: 6
          
          
     
Technical Abstract (Limit 2000 characters, approximately 200 words):

Ballydel Technologies will partner with the Penn State University Applied Research Laboratory (PSU-ARL) to develop a novel manufacturing approach for joining two dissimilar ceramic matrix composites (CMCs).  Specifically, Ballydel and PSU-ARL will develop a field-assisted sintering technique (FAST) for joining 2D and 3D carbon-carbon composite planes.  FAST is a disruptive manufacturing technique that produces sintered solids with near theoretical density, in a dramatically shorter period of time (<20 minutes), when compared to traditional sintering methods.  The goal of this endeavor is to demonstrate the utility of this technique for the manufacture of a variety of hypersonic components, suitable for defense and aerospace applications.

          
          
     
Potential NASA Applications (Limit 1500 characters, approximately 150 words):

The development of  a FAST process for joining C-C composite structural components will directly address an industry need for an efficient manufacturing process that enables the structural joining of two dissimilar CMCs or two dissimilar C-C composites for high temperature applications.  This will subsequently impact a variety of aerospace structures use in space flight, include reusable hot structure components.

 

          
          
     
Potential Non-NASA Applications (Limit 1500 characters, approximately 150 words):

Primary applications for this technology include C-C composites for reusable hot structures and aerospace vehicles used in space flight missions.  Secondary applications include C-C composite architectures for hypersonic applications within Department of Defense.

          
          
     
Duration:     6
          
          

PROPOSAL NUMBER:
 21-1- H3.07-2719
SUBTOPIC TITLE:
 Flame-Retardant Textiles for Intravehicular Activities (IVA)
PROPOSAL TITLE:
 Nanolayer-Coated Flame-Retardant Fabrics for Space Crew Clothing

Small Business Concern

   
Firm:
          
Innosense, LLC
          
   
Address:
          
2531 West 237th Street, Suite 127, Torrance, CA 90505
          
   
Phone:
          
(310) 530-2011                                                                                                                                                                                
          

Principal Investigator:

   
Name:
          
Dr. Maksudul Alam
          
   
E-mail:
          
maksudul.alam-1@innosensellc.com
          
   
Address:
          
2531 West 237th Street, Suite 127, CA 90505 - 5245
          
   
Phone:
          
(310) 530-2011                                                                                                                                                                                
          

Business Official:

   
Name:
          
Kisholoy Goswami
          
   
E-mail:
          
kisholoy.goswami@innosense.us
          
   
Address:
          
2531 West 237th Street, Suite 127, CA 90505 - 5245
          
   
Phone:
          
(310) 530-2011                                                                                                                                                                                
          

Summary Details:

   
Estimated Technology Readiness Level (TRL) :                                                                                                                                                          
Begin: 1
End: 3
          
          
     
Technical Abstract (Limit 2000 characters, approximately 200 words):

NASA’s Environmental Control & Life Support Systems (ECLSS) and Habitation Systems are actively seeking nontoxic, comfortable and durable flame-retardant textiles/fabrics that resist combustion in an atmosphere of 36% oxygen at a pressure of 8.2 psi (56.5 kPa) and are suitable for crew clothing. Currently there is no flame-retardant, nontoxic, comfortable, washable and durable apparel or furnishing fabric for the spacecraft cabin environment planned for lunar and planetary human exploration. To meet this need, InnoSense LLC (ISL) proposes to develop an efficient and durable nanolayer flame-retardant finishing treatment for existing fabrics using our proprietary and patented nontoxic flame-retardant materials and treatment processes. The result will be comfortable, soft to touch, breathable, washable, durable, non-toxic and odorless next-to-the-skin FR fabrics that crewmembers can wear during intravehicular activity in 36% oxygen at a pressure of 8.2 psi. ISL’s approach is to introduce permanent, covalently attached nontoxic flame-retardant material to existing fabrics. This will impart excellent FR properties without compromising crew comfort and safety. Phase I results are expected to demonstrate that ISL’s flame-retardant treated fabrics outperform the state-of-the art commercially available flame-retardant apparel fabrics. In Phase II, ISL will work with a major NASA apparel fabric provider to test ISL’s flame-retardant treated fabric performance under simulated spacecraft cabin atmospheric conditions.

          
          
     
Potential NASA Applications (Limit 1500 characters, approximately 150 words):

ISL's nontoxic and durable FR-treated fabric technology can be used for NASA crew clothing. Other NASA uses are in protective clothing, curtains, drapes, upholstery, bedding, carpets, tents, etc. This technology will also benefit several space programs, particularly the lunar Human Landing System, Orion, Gateway, and Artemis, enabling the astronauts to function in habitats, pressurized rovers, and other space vehicles with enriched oxygen atmospheres and to shorten pre-breathe times prior to extravehicular activities.

          
          
     
Potential Non-NASA Applications (Limit 1500 characters, approximately 150 words):

For commercial applications, ISL’s FR-treated fabrics can be used for firefighters, electrical workers, foundry workers, and military personnel. This FR technology will also have applications as treatments for paper (e.g., stocks, bonds, wills, etc.), coatings or fillers for structural and electrical components.

          
          
     
Duration:     6
          
          

PROPOSAL NUMBER:
 21-1- Z8.09-1597
SUBTOPIC TITLE:
 Small Spacecraft Transfer Stage Development
PROPOSAL TITLE:
 Reusable High Delta-V Transfer Stage for Small Spacecraft

Small Business Concern

   
Firm:
          
Firefly Research, Inc.
          
   
Address:
          
1320 Arrow Point Drive, Suite 109, Cedar Park, TX 78613
          
   
Phone:
          
(512) 277-6959                                                                                                                                                                                
          

Principal Investigator:

   
Name:
          
Dr. William Coogan
          
   
E-mail:
          
william.coogan@firefly.com
          
   
Address:
          
1320 Arrow Point Dr Suite 109, TX 78613 - 2169
          
   
Phone:
          
(512) 277-6959                                                                                                                                                                                
          

Business Official:

   
Name:
          
Brad Schneider
          
   
E-mail:
          
brad.schneider@firefly.com
          
   
Address:
          
1320 Arrow Point Dr Suite 109, TX 78613 - 2169
          
   
Phone:
          
(512) 277-6959                                                                                                                                                                                
          

Summary Details:

   
Estimated Technology Readiness Level (TRL) :                                                                                                                                                          
Begin: 3
End: 5
          
          
     
Technical Abstract (Limit 2000 characters, approximately 200 words):

Firefly Research, LLC (FFR) is pleased to propose to NASA the development of a Space Utility Vehicle (SUV) to a CDR level of fidelity. This vehicle serves as a solar electric transfer stage, offering enough Delta-V to transfer more than 500 kg of payload from Low Earth Orbit (LEO) to Low Lunar Orbit (LLO) after launch on a small lift launch vehicle. While most technologies needed for such a transfer stage are reasonably mature, the SUV is innovative in how the vehicle architecture breaks the long-held assumptions of Electric Propulsion (EP) being either slow or expensive. We are able to offer a high-power platform with rapid transit capability at a competitive cost through refueling and reuse of that platform, amortizing platform cost over multiple missions. In this section, we explain the details of this architecture, the roadmap to a commercially viable SUV including developments already underway, and the specific aspects that will benefit from SBIR funding.

          
          
     
Potential NASA Applications (Limit 1500 characters, approximately 150 words):

1) Transfer from LEO to LLO (200 kg payload in near-term at low power, with growth path to 500 kg).

2) Transfer of Commercial Lunar Payload Services (CLPS) lunar lander from GTO to LLO, and further service as a communications relay throughout surface mission.

3) Dedicated mission from small-lift launcher to high Delta-V trajectories like lunar orbit and Earth-Moon Lagrange points.

          
          
     
Potential Non-NASA Applications (Limit 1500 characters, approximately 150 words):

The primary non-NASA market targeted by this platform is the GEO market. While the Northrop Grumman Mission Extension Vehicle (MEV) has already demonstrated the viability of mission extension in GEO, we will provide a similar service with the added advantage of being able to service more satellites in a shorter time span. Also, final-mile service for small satellites launch rideshare to LEO.

          
          
     
Duration:     6
          
          

PROPOSAL NUMBER:
 21-1- H6.22-1743
SUBTOPIC TITLE:
 Deep Neural Net and Neuromorphic Processors for In-Space Autonomy and Cognition
PROPOSAL TITLE:
 Neuromorphic Enhanced Cognitive Radio

Small Business Concern

   
Firm:
          
Intellisense Systems, Inc.
          
   
Address:
          
21041 South Western Avenue, Torrance, CA 90501
          
   
Phone:
          
(310) 320-1827                                                                                                                                                                                
          

Principal Investigator:

   
Name:
          
Dr. Wenjian Wang
          
   
E-mail:
          
proposals@intellisenseinc.com
          
   
Address:
          
21041 S. Western Ave., CA 90501 - 1727
          
   
Phone:
          
(310) 320-1827                                                                                                                                                                                
          

Business Official:

   
Name:
          
Ms. Selvy Utama
          
   
E-mail:
          
notify@intellisenseinc.com
          
   
Address:
          
21041 S. Western Ave., CA 90501 - 1727
          
   
Phone:
          
(310) 320-1827                                                                                                                                                                                
          

Summary Details:

   
Estimated Technology Readiness Level (TRL) :                                                                                                                                                          
Begin: 2
End: 3
          
          
     
Technical Abstract (Limit 2000 characters, approximately 200 words):

NASA is seeking innovative neuromorphic processing methods and tools to enable autonomous space operations on platforms constrained by size, weight, and power (SWaP). To address this need, Intellisense Systems, Inc. (Intellisense) proposes to develop a new Neuromorphic Enhanced Cognitive Radio (NECR) device based on neuromorphic processing and its efficient implementation on neuromorphic computing hardware. NECR is a low-SWaP cognitive radio that integrates the open source software radio framework with a new neuromorphic processing module to automatically process the incoming radio signal, identify the modulation types and parameters of the signal, and send the identification results to the controller module to properly decode the incoming signal. Due to its efficient implementation on neuromorphic computing hardware, NECR can be easily integrated into SWaP-constrained platforms in spacecraft and robotics to support NASA missions in unknown and uncharacterized space environments, including the Moon and Mars. In Phase I, we will develop the concept of operations (CONOPS) and key algorithms, integrate a Phase I prototype software in a simulated environment to demonstrate its feasibility, and develop a Phase II plan with a path forward. In Phase II, the NECR algorithms will be further matured, implemented on commercial off-the-shelf  neuromorphic computing hardware, and then integrated with radio frequency (RF) modules and radiation-hardened packaging into a Phase II working prototype device. The Phase II prototype will be tested to demonstrate its fault and mission tolerances and delivered with documentation and tools to NASA for applications to CubeSat, SmallSat, and rover flight demonstrations.

          
          
     
Potential NASA Applications (Limit 1500 characters, approximately 150 words):

NECR technology will have many NASA applications due to its low-SWaP and low-cost cognitive sensing capability. It can be used to enhance the robustness and reliability of space communication and networking, especially cognitive radio devices. NECR can be directly transitioned to the Human Exploration and Operations Mission Directorate (HEOMD) Space Communications and Navigation (SCaN) Program to address the needs of the Cognitive Communications project. 

          
          
     
Potential Non-NASA Applications (Limit 1500 characters, approximately 150 words):

NECR technology’s low-SWaP and low-cost cognitive sensing capability will have many non-NASA applications. The NECR technology can be integrated into commercial communication systems to enhance cognitive sensing and communication capability. Automakers can also integrate the NECR technology into automobiles for cognitive sensing and communication.

          
          
     
Duration:     6
          
          

PROPOSAL NUMBER:
 21-1- S1.01-1749
SUBTOPIC TITLE:
 Lidar Remote-Sensing Technologies
PROPOSAL TITLE:
 Coherent Lidar Transceiver on a Chip

Small Business Concern

   
Firm:
          
Beamlet, LLC
          
   
Address:
          
1420 Oak Street, Apartment G, South Pasadena, CA 91030
          
   
Phone:
          
(626) 310-4160                                                                                                                                                                                
          

Principal Investigator:

   
Name:
          
Ivan Grudinin
          
   
E-mail:
          
ivan@beamlet.io
          
   
Address:
          
1420 Oak St Apt G, CA 91030 - 6327
          
   
Phone:
          
(626) 310-4160                                                                                                                                                                                
          

Business Official:

   
Name:
          
Ivan Grudinin
          
   
E-mail:
          
ivan@beamlet.io
          
   
Address:
          
1420 Oak St Apt G, CA 91030 - 6327
          
   
Phone:
          
(626) 310-4160                                                                                                                                                                                
          

Summary Details:

   
Estimated Technology Readiness Level (TRL) :                                                                                                                                                          
Begin: 3
End: 4
          
          
     
Technical Abstract (Limit 2000 characters, approximately 200 words):

Coherent lidar is useful for many applications including navigation, imaging, ranging and Doppler velocimetry during spacecraft landing, proximity operations, hazard avoidance, and docking. A reliable source of coherent modulated optical waveforms is required for simultaneous ranging and velocimetry. Existing sources are bulky since they require large electronic bandwidth, fragile fiber-based lasers and other discrete components, modulators, or long optical delay lines. This makes coherent lidar systems difficult to miniaturize for small platforms such as cubeSats, smallSats, and autonomous aerial and land vehicles. 

We propose to develop a low power, mass and size photonic integrated circuit (PIC) that implements a high data rate coherent lidar transceiver operating at the 1550 nm wavelength. The innovation is based on a new method to generate frequency modulated continuous wave (FMCW) laser radiation that relies on optical components present on a PIC only and does not use optical phase locked loops or modulators. This new architecture enables extremely compact and low cost coherent lidar engine for navigation, imaging and object detection.

          
          
     
Potential NASA Applications (Limit 1500 characters, approximately 150 words):

- Automated landing, hazard avoidance and docking.
- Object detection and imaging.
- Position, and navigation in GNSS/GPS denied/degraded environments.
- Terrain relative navigation and odometry for GN&C of lunar and other small vehicles,
- Small body proximity operations, including to augment machine vision techniques in low or variable light conditions and to reduce errors in proximity planning algorithms.

          
          
     
Potential Non-NASA Applications (Limit 1500 characters, approximately 150 words):

In urban environments where usage of UAVs is expected to dramatically raise, the GNSS signals are not always reliable. IMUs and computer vision techniques are not accurate enough for robust localization. Compact navigation Doppler lidar will help reduce drift and improve loop closure in visual SLAM, odometry and exploration of unknown environments. 

          
          
     
Duration:     6
          
          

PROPOSAL NUMBER:
 21-1- H12.01-2152
SUBTOPIC TITLE:
 Radioprotectors and Mitigators of Space Radiation-Induced Health Risks
PROPOSAL TITLE:
 Multilamellar vesicle encapsulation of JP4-039 as a radioprotector of space radiation-induced health risks

Small Business Concern

   
Firm:
          
ChromoLogic, LLC
          
   
Address:
          
1225 South Shamrock Avenue, Monrovia, CA 91016
          
   
Phone:
          
(626) 381-9974                                                                                                                                                                                
          

Principal Investigator:

   
Name:
          
Claude Rogers
          
   
E-mail:
          
crogers@chromologic.com
          
   
Address:
          
1225 South Shamrock Avenue, CA 91016 - 4244
          
   
Phone:
          
(626) 381-9974                                                                                                                                                                                
          

Business Official:

   
Name:
          
Naresh Menon
          
   
E-mail:
          
nmenon@chromologic.com
          
   
Address:
          
1225 South Shamrock Avenue, CA 91016 - 4244
          
   
Phone:
          
(626) 381-9974                                                                                                                                                                                
          

Summary Details:

   
Estimated Technology Readiness Level (TRL) :                                                                                                                                                          
Begin: 4
End: 6
          
          
     
Technical Abstract (Limit 2000 characters, approximately 200 words):

Currently, NASA uses dietary countermeasures for astronauts to aid in radiation exposure as foods can act as radioprotectors and/or mitigators. Drugs that can be used as radioprotectors and/or mitigators are not currently used because when administered to astronauts at effective concentrations, they are accompanied by side effects such as weakness, fatigue, nausea, and hypotension. These drugs will remain inadequate until a proper drug delivery technology is developed that can deliver them with appropriate biodistribution, while maintaining safety in vivo. As it stands now, there are no drug delivery systems that meet the need for delivering an effective concentration of a radioprotector and mitigator drug for GCR to astronauts.

 

In order to address this critical need, ChromoLogic LLC (CL) has developed a multilamellar vesicle (MLV) drug delivery platform capable of encapsulating high concentrations of the hydrophobic radioprotector and mitigator drug, JP4-039. The MLV nanoparticles can be administered intravenously where they provide sustained release of the therapeutic. The particles are stable in lyophilized form, allowing the drug to be stored for prolonged periods of time before being reconstituted and injected. This strategy for therapeutic drug delivery, facilitates the use of hydrophobic therapeutics that are otherwise nonviable due to their poor solubility.

          
          
     
Potential NASA Applications (Limit 1500 characters, approximately 150 words):

Radioprotection of astronauts on long-term space missions. Radiation-induced injury is a major health concern for astronauts and available countermeasures do not adequately address the risks. JP4-039 targets the mitochondria and reduces oxidative stress, improving survival in mice exposed to x-ray, neutron, and proton radiation. By encapsulating JP4-039 in a MLV, the JP4-039-MLV reduces the need for frequent administration, allows for longer term storage, and can reduce negative side effects.

          
          
     
Potential Non-NASA Applications (Limit 1500 characters, approximately 150 words):

Radioprotection of DoD personnel. The DoD needs a radiation countermeasure to protect personnel at risk of exposure to radiation.

Mitigation after a RAD-NUC incident. The US Government has a need for a national stockpile of radiation mitigators to respond to a RAD-NUC incident. JP4-039 has been shown to increase survival in vivo when administered 24–48 h after exposure to total body irradiation.

          
          
     
Duration:     6
          
          

PROPOSAL NUMBER:
 21-1- Z8.02-1469
SUBTOPIC TITLE:
 Communications and Navigation for Distributed Small Spacecraft Beyond Low Earth Orbit (LEO)
PROPOSAL TITLE:
 Deep Space Navigation of Distributed Small Spacecraft using Variable Celestial Sources

Small Business Concern

   
Firm:
          
Aster Labs, Inc.
          
   
Address:
          
155 East Owasso Lane, Shoreview, MN 55126
          
   
Phone:
          
(651) 484-2084                                                                                                                                                                                
          

Principal Investigator:

   
Name:
          
Dr. Suneel Sheikh
          
   
E-mail:
          
sheikh@asterlabs.com
          
   
Address:
          
155 East Owasso Lane, MN 55126 - 3034
          
   
Phone:
          
(651) 484-2084                                                                                                                                                                                
          

Business Official:

   
Name:
          
Dr. Suneel Sheikh
          
   
E-mail:
          
sheikh@asterlabs.com
          
   
Address:
          
155 East Owasso Lane, MN 55126 - 3034
          
   
Phone:
          
(651) 484-2084                                                                                                                                                                                
          

Summary Details:

   
Estimated Technology Readiness Level (TRL) :                                                                                                                                                          
Begin: 2
End: 3
          
          
     
Technical Abstract (Limit 2000 characters, approximately 200 words):

This program will develop an innovative Hybrid Navigation (HYNAV) system using multiple energy band observations of variable celestial sources. The concept creates photon measurements across each source observed in unique energy bands where signals are most beneficial, and blends the diverse signals into a single spacecraft position and velocity solution. Previous work by ASTER Labs has demonstrated concept feasibility of X-ray navigation (XNAV) and gamma-ray navigation (GLINT) as stand-alone architectures. The HYNAV instrument unifies the two individual concepts while adding radio observations into an operational prototype hardware instrument and software package. The advantage of the blended approach is it exploits both the periodic nature of the faint, stable radio and X-ray pulsars with the aperiodic, transient nature of bright, chaotic fast radio and gamma-ray bursts. Thus, the operational system would be capable of frequent measurement updates and continuous accurate absolute or relative navigation. The baseline instrument is designed for small spacecraft (< 180 kg) class vehicles, including larger CubeSats, facilitated by emerging detector materials capabilities, with near-all-sky detection configurations, very good energy resolution, lower energy thresholds for high photon counts, and precise onboard photon timing. Benefits include increased deep space autonomy and formation flight for distributed small spacecraft, while decreasing the burden on the DSN. Phase I will evaluate HYNAV feasibility for relevant NASA applications. System requirements will be developed based upon identified and characterized sources assembled into a catalogue. The instrument hardware design will be coupled with blended data processing navigation algorithms that fuse measurements in a single filter. ASTER Labs’ XPRESS software and a filter simulation will assess absolute and relative navigation performance under target mission scenarios. 

          
          
     
Potential NASA Applications (Limit 1500 characters, approximately 150 words):

This HYNAV system will be directly applicable to NASA’s distributed small spacecraft missions. The integrated instrument and software processing will enable self-navigation and coordinated relative navigation between cooperating spacecraft. The instrument can be integrated into proposed operational systems, such as LunaNet communications. Further deep space CubeSat scale exploration missions to planetary or small bodies, asteroids, comets, and planetary rings are enabled by this new technology.

          
          
     
Potential Non-NASA Applications (Limit 1500 characters, approximately 150 words):

The HYNAV system concept applies directly to commercial constellation systems for self-navigation. It applies equally well to newer commercial ventures to provide rideshare of instruments to explore planets or industrial mining and manufacturing applications to asteroids. Non-NASA applications include military covert space vehicle covert operations, especially with Earth not in view.

          
          
     
Duration:     6
          
          

PROPOSAL NUMBER:
 21-1- S1.07-2536
SUBTOPIC TITLE:
 In Situ Instruments/Technologies for Lunar and Planetary Science
PROPOSAL TITLE:
 In Situ Isotope Analyzer for Lunar and Planetary Science

Small Business Concern

   
Firm:
          
Opto-Knowledge Systems, Inc. (OKSI)
          
   
Address:
          
19805 Hamilton Avenue, Torrance, CA 90502
          
   
Phone:
          
(310) 756-0520                                                                                                                                                                                
          

Principal Investigator:

   
Name:
          
Jason Kriesel
          
   
E-mail:
          
jason.kriesel@optoknowledge.com
          
   
Address:
          
19805 Hamilton Avenue, CA 90502 - 1341
          
   
Phone:
          
(310) 756-0520                                                                                                                                                                                
          

Business Official:

   
Name:
          
Ilana Gat
          
   
E-mail:
          
ilana.gat@optoknowledge.com
          
   
Address:
          
19805 Hamilton Avenue, CA 90502 - 1341
          
   
Phone:
          
(310) 756-0520                                                                                                                                                                                
          

Summary Details:

   
Estimated Technology Readiness Level (TRL) :                                                                                                                                                          
Begin: 3
End: 4
          
          
     
Technical Abstract (Limit 2000 characters, approximately 200 words):

We propose the development of a new instrumentation based on a concept for trace-gas and isotope analysis that utilizes a priority hollow fiber as a low-volume, compact gas cell. An analyte is drawn into the fiber, which has a reflective inner coating that guides a tunable laser beam to a detector. There is near unity overlap between the laser beam and the gas sample, leading to a highly sensitive system with an ultra-compact size. In Phase I, a breadboard system will be assembled, and proof-of-concept measurements conducted to demonstrate the ability to effectively measure isotope ratios in water. In addition, various concepts appropriate for planetary sampling will be evaluated. Based on the investigations, specific techniques and components will be down selected and risk mitigation strategies developed, culminating with the design of a prototype that will be fully developed and demonstrated in Phase II.  

          
          
     
Potential NASA Applications (Limit 1500 characters, approximately 150 words):

The development of the proposed in situ instrument is applicable to NASA’s planetary science goals summarized in the Planetary Decadal Survey. Such instruments and technologies will play a crucial role for NASA missions to various celestial bodies. This includes addressing two of NASA’s major themes: (1) understanding solar system beginnings and (2) searching for the requirements for life.

          
          
     
Potential Non-NASA Applications (Limit 1500 characters, approximately 150 words):

Sensors resulting from this project will provide an extremely attractive alternative to isotope analyzers. The ability to obtain high-quality isotope data with a small SWaP sensor is appealing for a range of environmental monitoring applications including but not limited to drone-borne sensing and unattended field monitoring.  

          
          
     
Duration:     6
          
          

PROPOSAL NUMBER:
 21-1- S1.10-2628
SUBTOPIC TITLE:
 Atomic Quantum Sensor and Clocks
PROPOSAL TITLE:
 Miniature Iodine-Stabilized Oscillator (MISO)

Small Business Concern

   
Firm:
          
Vector Atomic, Inc.
          
   
Address:
          
1249 Quarry Lane, Suite 100, Pleasanton, CA 94566
          
   
Phone:
          
(925) 249-5959                                                                                                                                                                                
          

Principal Investigator:

   
Name:
          
Dr. Martin Boyd
          
   
E-mail:
          
marty@vectoratomic.com
          
   
Address:
          
3733 Randolph Ave, CA 94602 - 1231
          
   
Phone:
          
(303) 818-0220                                                                                                                                                                                
          

Business Official:

   
Name:
          
Dr. Jamil Abo-Shaeer
          
   
E-mail:
          
jamil@vectoratomic.com
          
   
Address:
          
1249 Quarry Lane, Suite 100, CA 94566 - 8410
          
   
Phone:
          
(925) 249-5959                                                                                                                                                                                
          

Summary Details:

   
Estimated Technology Readiness Level (TRL) :                                                                                                                                                          
Begin: 3
End: 5
          
          
     
Technical Abstract (Limit 2000 characters, approximately 200 words):

Vector Atomic will prototype and design a Miniature Iodine-Stabilized Oscillator (MISO). MISO’s simplified optical clock architecture supports aggressive miniaturization, low-cost manufacturing, and high reliability. The primary focus of Phase I is to prototype the MISO optical reference and feed the results into the system design. At the conclusion of Phase I, a detailed CAD model will be completed including mechanical drawings and a bill of materials (BOM).

          
          
     
Potential NASA Applications (Limit 1500 characters, approximately 150 words):

Space missions are critically dependent on precise timing and synchronization. Coherent ranging and imaging systems such as the Laser Interferometer Space Antenna (LISA) and the NASA-ISRO Synthetic Aperture Radar Mission (NISAR) are enabled by highly coherent laser and RF oscillators, respectively. Future NASA mission including deep space navigation, space-based gravitational wave detectors, and multi-static radar imaging will require timing precision beyond the capabilities of current hardware

          
          
     
Potential Non-NASA Applications (Limit 1500 characters, approximately 150 words):

LIDAR and RADAR applications can benefit from the long coherence time of the optical local oscillator and the ultralow phase noise provided by the frequency comb. In GPS-denied environments, a highly stable clock can extend missions by maintaining synchronization between distributed systems.

          
          
     
Duration:     6
          
          

PROPOSAL NUMBER:
 21-1- S2.03-2743
SUBTOPIC TITLE:
 Advanced Optical Systems and Fabrication/Testing/Control Technologies for Extended-Ultraviolet/Optical and Infrared Telescope
PROPOSAL TITLE:
 Additive Manufactured Very Light Weight Diamond Turned Aspheric Mirror

Small Business Concern

   
Firm:
          
Dallas Optical Systems, Inc.
          
   
Address:
          
1790 Connie Lane, Rockwall, TX 75032
          
   
Phone:
          
(972) 564-1156                                                                                                                                                                                
          

Principal Investigator:

   
Name:
          
John Casstevens
          
   
E-mail:
          
c0029156@netportusa.com
          
   
Address:
          
1790 Connie Lane, TX 75032 - 6708
          
   
Phone:
          
(972) 564-1156                                                                                                                                                                                
          

Business Official:

   
Name:
          
John Casstevens
          
   
E-mail:
          
c0029156@netportusa.com
          
   
Address:
          
1790 Connie Lane, TX 75032 - 6708
          
   
Phone:
          
(972) 564-1156                                                                                                                                                                                
          

Summary Details:

   
Estimated Technology Readiness Level (TRL) :                                                                                                                                                          
Begin: 3
End: 5
          
          
     
Technical Abstract (Limit 2000 characters, approximately 200 words):

The goal of this Phase I SBIR is to answer a series of important questions and develop solutions and methods for the fabrication of a very low cost, very light weight large aperture Al10SiMg aluminum alloy mirror that were discovered in the previous Phase I NASA SBIR S2.03-9125 and Phase II 80NSSC18C0065 (SBIR 2018-lI) efforts.  The combination of three manufacturing processes were demonstrated 1.  Design of and additively manufactured mirror substrates.  2. Precision robotic welding of hexagonal on-axis and hexagonal off-axis segments to produce a larger mirror.  3. Large capacity diamond turning of large spherical mirrors to visible tolerances on the monolithic welded aluminum mirror substrate.  In this Phase I proposal we intend to deliver a one piece hexagonal periphery concave spherical additively manufactured mirror that is 160 percent larger (about 387mm) than the hexagonal mirror segments we made for the Phase I and Phase II SBIR efforts.  The mirror will be have a 3 meter radius of curvature with a central hole so that it simulates a parabolic telescope primary.  The objective is to develop a manufacturing process capable of producing a round 0.5 meter diameter telescope primary mirror in a Phase II effort utilizing 600mm capacity Velo3D Sapphire XC AM machines Stratasys will have operational by late 2021.  The hexagonal periphery mirror with a central hole is proposed to gain information about primary mirror optical telescope mirrors and also address scaling to large segmented primary mirrors.

Components can be produced with features that are impractical or impossible using conventional processes such as machining and molding.  Highly light weighted metal mirror substrates are made in small quantities at low cost.  Off-axis aspheric mirror substrates are as easily produced as simple spherical surfaces.  Aluminum mirror substrates can be directly diamond turned to produce high quality mirror optical components.

 

 

          
          
     
Potential NASA Applications (Limit 1500 characters, approximately 150 words):

NASA’s mission in space research includes such far-reaching

projects as Deep Space Optical Communication (DSOC),

Large UVOIR (LUVOIR), Balloon Planetary Telescope, NIR/SWIR

Optical Communication, Origins Space Telescope (OST), the Far-IR

Surveyor (FIRS), the Space Infrared Interferometric Telescope (SPIRIT)

and Habitable Exoplanet Imaging Mission (HabEx).

This innovative mirror manufacturing technology is applicable to all

these projects as well as any military or scientific 

applications requiring low cost light weight mirror optical components.

          
          
     
Potential Non-NASA Applications (Limit 1500 characters, approximately 150 words):

Defense applications requiring low cost and high production of visible and infrared quality mirror optical components for satellites and aerospace vehicles.  Military and weather satellite optical mirrors and commercial optics such as small satellites for earth observation.  Commercial applications requiring light weight stiff optical components such as semiconductor manufacturing equipment.

          
          
     
Duration:     6
          
          

PROPOSAL NUMBER:
 21-1- S1.02-2877
SUBTOPIC TITLE:
 Technologies for Active Microwave Remote Sensing
PROPOSAL TITLE:
 High-Efficiency S-Band SSPA for Next Generation NASA Remote Sensing SAR/InSAR Platforms

Small Business Concern

   
Firm:
          
Recon RF, Inc.
          
   
Address:
          
10211 Pacific Mesa Boulevard, Suite 408, San Diego, CA 92121
          
   
Phone:
          
(619) 732-6621                                                                                                                                                                                
          

Principal Investigator:

   
Name:
          
Nick Chopra
          
   
E-mail:
          
Nick.Chopra@ReconRF.com
          
   
Address:
          
10211 Pacific Mesa Blvd. Ste 408, CA 92121 - 4327
          
   
Phone:
          
(619) 732-6621                                                                                                                                                                                
          

Business Official:

   
Name:
          
Jeffrey Ritter
          
   
E-mail:
          
Jef.Ritter@ReconRF.com
          
   
Address:
          
10211 Pacific Mesa Blvd. Ste 408, CA 92121 - 4327
          
   
Phone:
          
(619) 732-1691                                                                                                                                                                                
          

Summary Details:

   
Estimated Technology Readiness Level (TRL) :                                                                                                                                                          
Begin: 1
End: 3
          
          
     
Technical Abstract (Limit 2000 characters, approximately 200 words):

This proposal will significantly advance Power Added Efficiency (PAE) beyond present-day state-of-the-art SSPAs operating at S-Band in the over 1kW peak output power regime, achieving a TRL 3-4 S-band/ 3.2 GHz solid-state power amplifier (SSPA) module. The greatly enhanced PAE will result in an SSPA with a compact form factor suitable for CubeSat/SmallSat or other NASA remote sensing platforms. The project aims to achieve over 1kW of output power, 50dB of Gain, PAE of no less than 60% and possibly greater than 75% through Recon-RF’s advanced power amplifier design techniques based on next-generation waveform design capabilities and practices.

          
          
     
Potential NASA Applications (Limit 1500 characters, approximately 150 words):

The proposed S-Band SSPA module capable of PAE >60% will enhance NASA’s remote sensing for SWaP-C conscious applications such as:

• SAR/InSAR Payloads for studying surface topology on Earth and on other planets
• Follow-on Missions to NISAR’s InSAR S-Band Geo-Physical Remote Sensing Payload
• VenSAR S-Band SAR payload for Geo-Physical Remote Sensing of Venus
          
          
     
Potential Non-NASA Applications (Limit 1500 characters, approximately 150 words):

Non-NASA commercial and DOD applications stand to benefit from Recon-RF’s advancements in S-Band SSPA technology, such as:

• Airport Surveillance Radar
• Surface Ship Radar
• S-Band Satellite Communications
• S-Band Weather Radar
• Rural Broadband Back-Hauls
• Commercial InSAR/SAR for remote sensing of vegetation and geo-physical phenomena
          
          
     
Duration:     6
          
          

PROPOSAL NUMBER:
 21-1- Z10.04-2032
SUBTOPIC TITLE:
 Materials, Processes, and Technologies for Advancing In-Space Electric Propulsion Thrusters
PROPOSAL TITLE:
 High Current Plasma Cathode for Efficient Space Propulsion

Small Business Concern

   
Firm:
          
E-beam, Inc.
          
   
Address:
          
21070 Southwest Tile Flat Road, Beaverton, OR 97007
          
   
Phone:
          
(503) 628-0703                                                                                                                                                                                
          

Principal Investigator:

   
Name:
          
Bernard Vancil
          
   
E-mail:
          
bernie@ebeaminc.com
          
   
Address:
          
21070 Southwest Tile Flat Road, OR 97007 - 8739
          
   
Phone:
          
(503) 628-0703                                                                                                                                                                                
          

Business Official:

   
Name:
          
Bernard Vancil
          
   
E-mail:
          
bernie@ebeaminc.com
          
   
Address:
          
21070 Southwest Tile Flat Road, OR 97007 - 8739
          
   
Phone:
          
(503) 628-0703                                                                                                                                                                                
          

Summary Details:

   
Estimated Technology Readiness Level (TRL) :                                                                                                                                                          
Begin: 2
End: 5
          
          
     
Technical Abstract (Limit 2000 characters, approximately 200 words):

A plasma discharge cathode for space propulsion capable of >100 A and employing a novel geometry that moves the bulk of the discharge outside of the hollow emitter insert. This allows the plasma volume to be larger than the cathode tunnel and thus able to deliver the very large currents (100 A or more) without increasing the emitter insert size. By keeping the plasma largely outside of the emitter insert, high performance very small emitters that operate at low temperatures can be used. This means much lower heating power and longer life and higher electron efficiency from these emitters.

 

We propose two state of the art cathode options:

  1.  A hollow scandate impregnated cathode capable of delivering 10A/cm2 at only 810ºCb and 100 A/cm2 at only 970ºCb.
  2. A hollow osmium-tungsten reservoir cathode capable of 10A/cm2 at 915ºCb and 50 A/cm2 at less than 1000ºCb.

 

We propose in Phase I to build two testers containing these cathodes and incorporating them into the geometry discussed above. We will test these, pulsed, to at least 100 A xenon discharge. e beam Inc. has more than 30 years of experience developing innovative cathode structures. The device is an important step forward for NASA’s quest for a high power (100 kW) thruster to transport heavy payloads on long-range space flights.

 

          
          
     
Potential NASA Applications (Limit 1500 characters, approximately 150 words):

NASA is planning missions both named and unnamed to asteroids, Mars and other planets. The missions involve very heavy space vehicles and long durations. They will require thrusters in the 100 KW range with discharge and neutralization cathodes >100 A. This proposal offers an alternative to the current approach of scaling existing devices to larger dimensions with the attendant increase in propellent flows and power dissipation along with shortened life and less dimensional stability with high insert temperatures (>1200ºCb).

          
          
     
Potential Non-NASA Applications (Limit 1500 characters, approximately 150 words):

The commercial world needs more bandwidth which means more heavy satellites in geo-synchronous orbits. The long periods of time needed to raise these satellites from LEO is lost revenue. More powerful thrusters will shorten times and enable bigger payloads.

          
          
     
Duration:     6
          
          

PROPOSAL NUMBER:
 21-1- S4.04-2228
SUBTOPIC TITLE:
 Extreme Environments Technology
PROPOSAL TITLE:
 -200 °C Rad-Hard Compact Rugged RF Modulator

Small Business Concern

   
Firm:
          
Chronos Technology (Div. of FMI, Inc.)
          
   
Address:
          
15302 Bolsa Chica Street, Huntington Beach, CA 92649
          
   
Phone:
          
(310) 625-5834                                                                                                                                                                                
          

Principal Investigator:

   
Name:
          
Kouros Sariri
          
   
E-mail:
          
ksariri@yahoo.com
          
   
Address:
          
15302 Bolsa Chica Street, CA 92649 - 1245
          
   
Phone:
          
(310) 625-5834                                                                                                                                                                                
          

Business Official:

   
Name:
          
Kouros Sariri
          
   
E-mail:
          
ksariri@yahoo.com
          
   
Address:
          
15302 Bolsa Chica Street, CA 92649 - 1245
          
   
Phone:
          
(310) 625-5834                                                                                                                                                                                
          

Summary Details:

   
Estimated Technology Readiness Level (TRL) :                                                                                                                                                          
Begin: 1
End: 4
          
          
     
Technical Abstract (Limit 2000 characters, approximately 200 words):

We have proposed to deliver a comprehensive, and conceptually validated feasibility study (in PH 1) for a novel compact ,cold capable (-200 °C), scalable, Rad-hard RF Modulator (CCM) operating to 500MHz. CCM is used as a common subsection of cold capable radios both on the transmitter and receiver side, operates in extreme low temperature rad-hard space environment in excess of 2Mrad-Si and SEL immune. Our intent is to successfully complete the Phase 1 study and deliver a clear design road-map to the implementation and fabrication of the design using SiGe-HBT in PH2.  The modulator application starts in the communication systems but extends to navigation modules, its low phase jitter makes it quite suitable for in-situ and agile DSP for robotic systems, sensors in harsh environment and software defined radio (SDR). Furthermore, in addition to being a basic rugged and rad-hard modulator, it is directly adaptable to be used as a stable frequency source for many applications including the local oscillator for critical navigation and also in the signal chain that is typically used in mobile and agile radar. The compact nature of the design stems from our capability to integrate smallest piezoelectric  crystals  in the same hybrid enclosure as the ASIC. Our present capabilities produce the resonator size down to 2.5 mm so an integrated hybrid CCM will be super compact and its volume to be in the 1cc range. The  objective includes scalability and hi-reliability assembly techniques already established in our company. CCM design includes amplifiers, varactor diodes, voltage reference and on-chip inductor. Individual circuit blocks by themselves will be designed on the SiGe-HBT process that will be part of the investigation in PH1 to be implemented in PH2. Adaptability of CCM to be used as a very stable and low phase noise source without the need for any thermal stabilization, enables new paradigm for autonomous robotic navigation. 

          
          
     
Potential NASA Applications (Limit 1500 characters, approximately 150 words):

Low power, compact and high radiation tolerance (>2Mrad-si)  envisioned for the cold capable modulator intends to be used in wide range of deep space robotics applications including radios (both transmitter and receiver) as well as many examples described in the decadal survey and FARSIDE plans. cold capable and high TID tolerance makes it a preferred choice suitable for missions that need such performance and reliability. the Individual circuit blocks like SiGe amplifier, varactor diode and voltage reference have existing space applications.

          
          
     
Potential Non-NASA Applications (Limit 1500 characters, approximately 150 words):

In addition to the NASA applications, Due to the specific circuits used in the CCM, CCM and its individual circuit blocks  would provide solutions for many space and non-space applications. Usage of high Ft  SiGe-HBT leads to RF amplifiers, VCO and components such as varactor diodes temp. sensor and voltage reference offer advantages not typically available in other RF rad hard ASICs  . 

          
          
     
Duration:     6
          
          

PROPOSAL NUMBER:
 21-1- Z1.06-2276
SUBTOPIC TITLE:
 Radiation-Tolerant High-Voltage, High-Power Electronics
PROPOSAL TITLE:
 Radiation-Tolerant High-Voltage, High-Power Electronics

Small Business Concern

   
Firm:
          
Syrnatec, Inc.
          
   
Address:
          
95 Pond Place, Middletown, CT 06457
          
   
Phone:
          
(860) 594-5248                                                                                                                                                                                
          

Principal Investigator:

   
Name:
          
Dr. Alex Usenko
          
   
E-mail:
          
corporate@syrnatec.com
          
   
Address:
          
95 POND PL, CT 06457 - 8736
          
   
Phone:
          
(860) 594-5248                                                                                                                                                                                
          

Business Official:

   
Name:
          
Nishita Mirchandani
          
   
E-mail:
          
corporate@syrnatec.com
          
   
Address:
          
95 POND PL, CT 06457 - 8736
          
   
Phone:
          
(860) 594-5248                                                                                                                                                                                
          

Summary Details:

   
Estimated Technology Readiness Level (TRL) :                                                                                                                                                          
Begin: 2
End: 5
          
          
     
Technical Abstract (Limit 2000 characters, approximately 200 words):

Syrnatec proposes development of radiation hardened Diodes and MOSFETs for high power applications using Ga2O3 technology. Due to increasing power requirements of new systems (such as fast charging technology for electric vehicles), there is a constant need for energy efficient, low noise power conversion electronics compared to the available Silicon based semiconductors. This need opens the avenue for Wide band bap material-based semiconductors, such as GaN, SiC, AlGaN and Ga2O3. Manufacturers have designed various power conversion solutions in the operating voltage range from 600 to 1600V using SiC and GaN; however, there are no products commercially available for operating voltages beyond 1600V, which is why Gallium Oxide Semiconductors offer a promising solution. Ga2O3 falls under UWBGS category, due to the larger bandgap (~4.8 eV) compare to SiC (3.3 eV) and GaN (3.4 eV), and offer better radiation resistance since a higher energy level is required to break their molecular bonds. Ga2O3 semiconductors can operate with several kilovolts and exhibit higher stability and robustness, and therefore is suitable for High voltage, High Power, Medium Power, Low Power applications. Deliverables will be the prototype device design structure and simulation results illustrating resilience to Heavy Ion induced faults (Single Event Effects). Results will be demonstrated with a design of Schottky diode with Metal rings around Schottky Contact to support an operating voltage of 1200 V, current of 40 A, and breakdown voltage of 2000 V while being resilient to 75 MeV-cm2/mg. The scope of work will also include developing a MOSFET design along with simulation results for an operating voltage of 650V, 40A and low RDSON @ < 24mOhm. This disruptive technology will allow for the commercialization of game changing high power electronics.

          
          
     
Potential NASA Applications (Limit 1500 characters, approximately 150 words):

-High voltage, High Power Schottky diodes and MOSFETs made using Ga2O3 will be used for Power management and Distribution of Artemis missions.

-High Voltage, low power discretes for drivers of Lasercom terminals, LIDARs. Earth science Lidar, Jovian Moon exploration and Saturn missions. These devices will also find usage in Sensor Power electronics and Switching circuits.

-High voltage, low-Medium power solutions for hi-efficiency DC-DC converters that can be used to operate MPPT tracking systems.

          
          
     
Potential Non-NASA Applications (Limit 1500 characters, approximately 150 words):

-Unmanned ground and aerial vehicles:  power and LIDAR system

-Electric vehicle: power conversion and charging station

-Industrial UPS

-Industrial Inverters

-Welding Systems

-Railways Motor Drive electronics and HVAC Control electronics

  • Transportation and construction Equipment and Vehicles
          
          
     
Duration:     6
          
          

PROPOSAL NUMBER:
 21-1- Z7.06-2350
SUBTOPIC TITLE:
 Entry, Descent, and Landing (EDL) Terrestrial Testing Technologies
PROPOSAL TITLE:
 Optical Measurements of Particle Size and Trajectory in an Arc Jet

Small Business Concern

   
Firm:
          
Innovative Scientific Solutions, Inc.
          
   
Address:
          
7610 McEwen Road, Dayton, OH 45459
          
   
Phone:
          
(937) 429-4980                                                                                                                                                                                
          

Principal Investigator:

   
Name:
          
Jim Crafton
          
   
E-mail:
          
jwcrafton@innssi.com
          
   
Address:
          
7610 McEwen Road, OH 45459 - 3908
          
   
Phone:
          
(937) 630-3012                                                                                                                                                                                
          

Business Official:

   
Name:
          
Larry Goss
          
   
E-mail:
          
gosslp@innssi.com
          
   
Address:
          
7610 McEwen Road, OH 45459 - 3908
          
   
Phone:
          
(937) 429-4980                                                                                                                                                                                
          

Summary Details:

   
Estimated Technology Readiness Level (TRL) :                                                                                                                                                          
Begin: 6
End: 8
          
          
     
Technical Abstract (Limit 2000 characters, approximately 200 words):

Arc-heated high-enthalpy test facilities at NASA are used for evaluation of reentry vehicle thermal protection system (TPS) materials. The use of newer ablative TPS materials in the high-enthalpy flow result in complex processes such as decomposition of products, surface ablation, and spallation. Optical measurement techniques that can size and track particles in the flow would be of value for validation of facility operation and refinement of numerical models. Unfortunately, optical measurements of particles in an arc jet are challenging due to the strong emission from the test article and reacting flow which can saturate the camera. ISSI proposes employing an optical measurement technique known as Particle Shadow Velocimetry (PSV) that has been used to measure particle size, velocity, and acceleration a solid rocket motor at rates of over 10-kHz. PSV is accomplished by projecting light from an LED through the measurement volume onto a camera which allows the shadows created by the particles to be recorded. The individual particle shadow can be sized or tracked in time to compute particle velocity, acceleration, or trajectory. Utilizing an LED-based PSV system for measurements of the size and trajectory of spallation particles in an arc jet offers several unique advantages. First, the combination of a relatively narrow wavelength LED and a matching narrow-band filter on the imaging system can be used to suppress the broadband emission from the flow. This allows acquisition of distinct particle images, even in the presence of strong emission from the reacting flow. Second, the in-line illumination that is required for PSV measurements allows particles to be imaged very close to surfaces, within 50-mm of the ablating TPS surface. PSV is a high TRL tool that has already been demonstrated for acquiring particle size and trajectory measurements in a high enthalpy flow. This proposal offers a low-risk opportunity to acquire similar data on test articles in an arc jet.

          
          
     
Potential NASA Applications (Limit 1500 characters, approximately 150 words):

NASA programs that utilize scramjets and solid rocket motors would benefit from the proposed low-cost, narrowband PSV system. Specific applications include the spray atomization process in supersonic combustion applications, such as scramjets, and particle dynamics in solid rocket motors. Characterizing the droplet vaporization process is essential for modeling the combustion process. Large particles in an SRM can ablate the nozzle and modify the thrust profile or the SRM.

          
          
     
Potential Non-NASA Applications (Limit 1500 characters, approximately 150 words):

High-speed PSV is particularly effective in biomedical and hydrodynamic flows such as water tunnels, heart assist pumps, and heart valves which benefit from kHz rate velocity measurements near surfaces. PSI is effective for in-flight droplet sizing in agricultural sprays and has also been used for ice particle measurements in clouds for environmental studies.

          
          
     
Duration:     6
          
          

PROPOSAL NUMBER:
 21-1- A2.02-2358
SUBTOPIC TITLE:
 Enabling Aircraft Autonomy
PROPOSAL TITLE:
 A Certification Means of Compliance Process for Advanced Air Mobility with Increasing Autonomy

Small Business Concern

   
Firm:
          
Systems Technology, Inc.
          
   
Address:
          
13766 Hawthorne Boulevard, Hawthorne, CA 90250
          
   
Phone:
          
(310) 679-2281                                                                                                                                                                                
          

Principal Investigator:

   
Name:
          
Mr. David Klyde
          
   
E-mail:
          
dklyde@systemstech.com
          
   
Address:
          
13766 Hawthorne Boulevard, CA 90250 - 7083
          
   
Phone:
          
(310) 679-2281                                                                                                                                                                                
          

Business Official:

   
Name:
          
Peter Gondek
          
   
E-mail:
          
pgondek@systemstech.com
          
   
Address:
          
13766 Hawthorne Boulevard, 90250 - 7083
          
   
Phone:
          
(310) 679-2281                                                                                                                                                                                
          

Summary Details:

   
Estimated Technology Readiness Level (TRL) :                                                                                                                                                          
Begin: 2
End: 4
          
          
     
Technical Abstract (Limit 2000 characters, approximately 200 words):

In recent years there has been a proliferation of new vertical takeoff and landing (VTOL) vehicle concepts, many featuring electric propulsion systems and advanced autonomous capabilities, designed for the urban air mobility marketplace as air taxis and personal air vehicles. The Vertical Flight Society is tracking the progress of these vehicle concepts via a web portal that currently identifies over 130 vectored thrust, nearly 60 lift plus cruise configurations, and over 100 wingless multicopters. Many of these vehicles have flown as scaled proof of concepts, while several others are now flying as full-scale prototypes. These vehicles almost exclusively feature fly-by-wire flight control systems including advanced control modes (i.e., response augmentation), increased automation, and autonomous systems of varying levels. Following the Simplified Vehicle Operations (SVO) and progression of the UAM Maturity Levels (UML), technological, infrastructure, and certification advancements are required to ultimately lead to fully autonomous operations. Because of the complexities involved in control system design, autonomous systems, and operating environments, new certification means of compliance methods are needed to ensure safe operations within the national airspace, especially dense urban environments. To address this critical need, a team led by Systems Technology, Inc. (STI) proposes to develop the Simulation-based Automation and Failure Evaluations (SAFE) system, easily exercised via a tablet-based computer, that will provide a means of compliance certification method for autonomous and degraded modes that is safe, repeatable, and discriminating.

          
          
     
Potential NASA Applications (Limit 1500 characters, approximately 150 words):

This proposal addresses ARMD Strategic Thrust 5 In-Time System-Wide Safety Assurance and Thrust 6 Assured Autonomy for Aviation Transformation as SAFE provides a certification process for autonomous systems. SAFE directly supports NASA’s RVLT Project and its goal to develop tools that “overcome key barriers to the expanded use of vertical lift configurations in the nation’s airspace.” SAFE is directly applicable to the National Campaign and its “goal to promote public confidence and accelerate the realization of emerging aviation markets...”

          
          
     
Potential Non-NASA Applications (Limit 1500 characters, approximately 150 words):

The target commercial market for SAFE is the burgeoning urban air mobility market. The estimated market size will be $15.2 billion by 2030. All the emerging vehicles that operate in the US will need to go through a certification process with the FAA thereby defining the market for SAFE, which will be introduced as a tablet-based software system as well as a productized service to support its use

          
          
     
Duration:     6
          
          

PROPOSAL NUMBER:
 21-1- S1.04-3096
SUBTOPIC TITLE:
 Sensor and Detector Technologies for Visible, Infrared (IR), Far-IR, and Submillimeter
PROPOSAL TITLE:
 MULTI-SPECTRAL INFRARED CAMERA COVERING WAVELENGTHS FROM 1 TO 16 MICRONS

Small Business Concern

   
Firm:
          
QmagiQ
          
   
Address:
          
22 Cotton Road, Unit H, Suite 180, Nashua, NH 03063
          
   
Phone:
          
(603) 821-3092                                                                                                                                                                                
          

Principal Investigator:

   
Name:
          
Mani Sundaram
          
   
E-mail:
          
msundaram@qmagiq.com
          
   
Address:
          
22 Cotton Road, Unit H, Suite 180, NH 03063 - 4219
          
   
Phone:
          
(603) 821-3092                                                                                                                                                                                
          

Business Official:

   
Name:
          
Mani Sundaram
          
   
E-mail:
          
msundaram@qmagiq.com
          
   
Address:
          
22 Cotton Road, Unit H, Suite 180, NH 03063 - 4219
          
   
Phone:
          
(603) 821-3092                                                                                                                                                                                
          

Summary Details:

   
Estimated Technology Readiness Level (TRL) :                                                                                                                                                          
Begin: 2
End: 4
          
          
     
Technical Abstract (Limit 2000 characters, approximately 200 words):

QmagiQ proposes to develop and deliver to NASA a multi-spectral infrared camera covering a broad range of wavelengths from 1 micron to 16 microns. A key feature is a broadband high-quantum-efficiency strained layer superlattice focal plane array (SLS FPA) with spectral filters integrated directly on the FPA – a design that allows the camera to be very compact. The spectroscopic information provided by the filters will be useful in detecting and identifying a variety of hot and cold targets at great distances and inferring their chemistry.

In Phase I, we will develop a SLS FPA with 16 micron cutoff wavelength, far past the normal 12 micron cutoff of commercial antimony-based SLS FPAs.  In Phase II, we will optimize detector performance and expand array format to 1Kx1K, integrate filters onto the FPA, and package the FPA/filter assembly into a compact camera equipped for remote stand-alone operation.

The camera will be valuable to NASA for space telescopes (where its much higher operating temperature compared to Si BIB detectors offers longer operating life) and for Earth and Planetary Science Decadal Survey priorities like infrared sounding. In addition to detecting, tracking and chemically analyzing fires, a drone equipped with such a multi-spectral camera can also be used to monitor and analyze vegetation, forests, crops, industrial gas leaks, and pollution.

          
          
     
Potential NASA Applications (Limit 1500 characters, approximately 150 words):

1) Space-based astronomy, e.g. future versions of the Spitzer Space Telescope
2) Infrared sounding
3) Detection, tracking and chemical analysis of fires and gas leaks
4) Mapping and analysis of forests and vegetation
5) LANDSAT Thermal InfraRed Sensor (TIRS)
4) Climate Absolute Radiance and Refractivity Observatory (CLARREO)
6) BOReal Ecosystem Atmosphere Study (BOREAS)
7) Other infrared earth observing missions
8) Atmospheric mapping
9) Pollution chemistry

          
          
     
Potential Non-NASA Applications (Limit 1500 characters, approximately 150 words):

1) Gas leak detection and identification for the petrochemical, gas, and mining industries
2) Crop health monitoring and analysis
3) Missile detection for countermeasures systems
4) Thermography
5) Product inspection for pharmaceutical and agricultural industries
6) Security and surveillance

          
          
     
Duration:     6
          
          

PROPOSAL NUMBER:
 21-1- S2.03-1869
SUBTOPIC TITLE:
 Advanced Optical Systems and Fabrication/Testing/Control Technologies for Extended-Ultraviolet/Optical and Infrared Telescope
PROPOSAL TITLE:
 RMI Proposal for 2021 Topic S2.03: Near-Infrared LiDAR Spherical Beam Expander Telescope

Small Business Concern

   
Firm:
          
Rocky Mountain Instrument Co.
          
   
Address:
          
106 Laser Drive, Lafayette, CO 80026
          
   
Phone:
          
(303) 664-5000                                                                                                                                                                                
          

Principal Investigator:

   
Name:
          
Joseph Pacheco
          
   
E-mail:
          
jpacheco@rmico.com
          
   
Address:
          
106 Laser Dr., CO 80026 - 2930
          
   
Phone:
          
(303) 664-5000                                                                                                                                                                                
          

Business Official:

   
Name:
          
Steven Hahn
          
   
E-mail:
          
shahn@rmico.com
          
   
Address:
          
106 Laser Dr., CO 80026 - 2930
          
   
Phone:
          
(303) 664-5000                                                                                                                                                                                
          

Summary Details:

   
Estimated Technology Readiness Level (TRL) :                                                                                                                                                          
Begin: 3
End: 4
          
          
     
Technical Abstract (Limit 2000 characters, approximately 200 words):

RMI proposes to innovate on previous intermediate aperture off-axis designs used by NASA for flight LiDAR applications by utilizing a Maksutov-Cassegrain inspired beam expander in line with the 20x150mm requirement requested for Phase 1 but focused on it's applicability, scalability, and manufacturability for the Phase II objective of a potential space based 0.5 m system with similar parameters. RMI will be leveraging it's current work on a system with similar requirements used by NASA that utilizes off-axis aspherical optics. These optics must be produced freeform by CNC systems (diamond turning) and are very labor intensive and aperture restricted in practice. By switching to a spherical design the cost, manufacturability, and physical scale of a system becomes far less restricted. Aberrations are controlled by selective use of refractive surfaces in combination with reflective ones to achieve a low dispersion (but correctible), athermalized, flight hardened, high-power ready optical system with looser alignment tolerances and more precisely manufacturable components. 

          
          
     
Potential NASA Applications (Limit 1500 characters, approximately 150 words):

Other groups within NASA are currently contracting with RMI to manufacture similar designs for aircraft based LiDAR applications. 

          
          
     
Potential Non-NASA Applications (Limit 1500 characters, approximately 150 words):

A substantial opportunity for use in target marking and directed energy applications may exist outside NASA's use case. 

          
          
     
Duration:     6
          
          

PROPOSAL NUMBER:
 21-1- A3.03-1540
SUBTOPIC TITLE:
 Future Aviation Systems Safety
PROPOSAL TITLE:
 Go-Around Prediction Service

Small Business Concern

   
Firm:
          
ATAC
          
   
Address:
          
2770 De La Cruz Boulevard, Santa Clara, CA 95050
          
   
Phone:
          
(408) 736-2822                                                                                                                                                                                
          

Principal Investigator:

   
Name:
          
John Schade
          
   
E-mail:
          
jes@atac.com
          
   
Address:
          
2770 De La Cruz Boulevard, CA 95050 - 2624
          
   
Phone:
          
(408) 736-2822                                                                                                                                                                                
          

Business Official:

   
Name:
          
Joe Isaacs
          
   
E-mail:
          
jai@ATAC.com
          
   
Address:
          
2770 De La Cruz Blvd. , CA 95050 - 2624
          
   
Phone:
          
(408) 736-2822                                                                                                                                                                                
          

Summary Details:

   
Estimated Technology Readiness Level (TRL) :                                                                                                                                                          
Begin: 1
End: 3
          
          
     
Technical Abstract (Limit 2000 characters, approximately 200 words):

Our proposed innovation is a Go-Around Prediction (GAP) service that encapsulates predictive analytics so that stakeholders of NASA’s In-time System wide Safety Assurance (ISSA) strategic thrust can readily use it to assess the go-around probability in real time during aircraft arrival operations in the National Airspace System (NAS). Our proposed innovation is directly relevant to subtopic A3.03 Future Aviation System Safety and fills two critical gaps in the state-of-the-art.  First, it allows for the continuous monitoring of the arrival domain of the NAS and fuses diverse data sets including airborne trajectory, surface tracking, air traffic automation, and weather data to identify the precursors to a key indicator of risk in the system (i.e., a go-around). Second, it applies innovative machine learning (ML) techniques to build and train a model using historic go-around occurrences in order to predict go-around safety margins in real time. A key outcome in the first decade of ISSA-related research is improved safety through initial real-time detection and alerting of hazards at the domain level and decision support for limited operations.  Our proposed innovation directly addresses this outcome by focusing on the near-airport (within 10 miles) domain to identify risks to stakeholders (e.g., air traffic controllers and pilots) in enough time (before a go-around is necessary) for them to employ effective risk mitigations. Through the combination of a real-time data input stream and a ML based predictive model, the software service allows for the continuous computation of the probability of a go-around. Results can be updated and displayed to operators (i.e., air traffic controllers and pilots) as each arrival flight approaches the airport. This additional information will allow operators increased situational awareness during the approach phase of flight leading to earlier mitigation of developing risks and, if needed, more time to safely manage go-arounds. 

          
          
     
Potential NASA Applications (Limit 1500 characters, approximately 150 words):

(1) GAP advances NASA SWS research by accelerating risk detection to real-time.

(2) GAP integrates with the In-Time Aviation Safety Management System (IASMS) to assess operational safety and identify emerging risks potentially introduced by new DSTs during initial deployment.

(3) Integration with NASA’s Digital Information Platform (DIP) provides valuable information on go-arounds to aviation stakeholders.

(4) The predictive analytics service serves as a model for other NASA analytics development.

 

          
          
     
Potential Non-NASA Applications (Limit 1500 characters, approximately 150 words):

(1) ANSP personnel use the GAP capability to identify risks in airport operations much sooner than currently possible, thereby increasing the safety margin.

(2) Airlines and airports use GAP to provide insight into go-around causes with the intent of reducing their risky and disruptive nature at major airports.

(3) Automated Safety Management System (SMS) reporting for ANSPs, airlines, and airports.

 

          
          
     
Duration:     6
          
          

PROPOSAL NUMBER:
 21-1- S5.05-1894
SUBTOPIC TITLE:
 Fault Management Technologies
PROPOSAL TITLE:
 Fault Management Analysis Tool For Model Centric Systems Engineering

Small Business Concern

   
Firm:
          
Okean Solutions, Inc.
          
   
Address:
          
1211 East Denny Way, 32A, Seattle, WA 98122
          
   
Phone:
          
(206) 383-0181                                                                                                                                                                                
          

Principal Investigator:

   
Name:
          
Ksenia Kolcio
          
   
E-mail:
          
corporate.record@okeansolutions.com
          
   
Address:
          
1463 East Republican Street, 32A, WA 98112 - 4517
          
   
Phone:
          
(310) 704-6174                                                                                                                                                                                
          

Business Official:

   
Name:
          
Maurice Prather
          
   
E-mail:
          
maurice@okeansolutions.com
          
   
Address:
          
1463 East Republican Street, 32A, WA 98112 - 4517
          
   
Phone:
          
(206) 383-0181                                                                                                                                                                                
          

Summary Details:

   
Estimated Technology Readiness Level (TRL) :                                                                                                                                                          
Begin: 2
End: 4
          
          
     
Technical Abstract (Limit 2000 characters, approximately 200 words):

This proposal responds to the need for new technologies to effectively manage and streamline complex FM systems, enable rapid diagnostic model generation and validation, and provide tools to assess FM quality/performance e.g., fault containment regions (FCRs) and false positive/negative (FP/FN) rates. Okean Solutions proposes to improve fault management (FM) system modeling and analysis by integrating their model-based fault management tool/system, called MONSID®, with JPL’s Computer Aided Engineering for Systems Architecture (CAESAR) platform. The innovation will create greater visibility into the FM process and lower the barriers to entry for users who are not FM experts. The combined capability will advance the practice of FM to ultimately decrease labor and schedule costs while ensuring FM system robustness and appropriateness. The main application is FM design and software development. This could also be used in I&T and operations phases to update onboard FM models and in support of recovery operations.

          
          
     
Potential NASA Applications (Limit 1500 characters, approximately 150 words):

A MONSID adaptor for CAESAR can support FM development in current and future programs, providing rapid model development and improving HW/SW trade accuracy and efficiency for fault containment, and FM performance analyses. It is applicable to a broad range of NASA missions that leverage model-based systems engineering tools. Such missions include CubeSats (Lunar Flashlight, SunRISE), Trident, Mars Sample Return, and others from near-Earth to interplanetary, risk-adverse, and experimental.

          
          
     
Potential Non-NASA Applications (Limit 1500 characters, approximately 150 words):

MONSID and CAESAR are both model-based and application agnostic. The combination of these tools makes it applicable to a wide variety of DoD, ESA, JAXA and commercial programs. This innovation can be adapted to other modeling environments to streamline and accelerate FM design and development practices. Industries including aerospace, automotive, and chemical can all benefit from this technology.

          
          
     
Duration:     6
          
          

PROPOSAL NUMBER:
 21-1- A3.02-2295
SUBTOPIC TITLE:
 Increasing Autonomy in the National Airspace System (NAS)
PROPOSAL TITLE:
 FLITE Core Human/Autonomy Interaction

Small Business Concern

   
Firm:
          
Atlantic Drone Pros, LLC
          
   
Address:
          
2605 Whispering Oaks Terrace, Midlothian, VA 23112
          
   
Phone:
          
(804) 479-0046                                                                                                                                                                                
          

Principal Investigator:

   
Name:
          
Keith Mottas
          
   
E-mail:
          
keith@atlanticdronepros.com
          
   
Address:
          
2605 Whispering Oaks Terrace, VA 23112 - 4270
          
   
Phone:
          
(804) 415-7030                                                                                                                                                                                
          

Business Official:

   
Name:
          
Keith Mottas
          
   
E-mail:
          
keith@atlanticdronepros.com
          
   
Address:
          
2605 Whispering Oaks Terrace, VA 23112 - 4270
          
   
Phone:
          
(804) 415-7030                                                                                                                                                                                
          

Summary Details:

   
Estimated Technology Readiness Level (TRL) :                                                                                                                                                          
Begin: 1
End: 2
          
          
     
Technical Abstract (Limit 2000 characters, approximately 200 words):

In this NASA Phase I SBIR, Atlantic Drone Pros, LLC (ADP), with Daniel H. Wagner Associates, Inc. (DHWA), as a subcontractor, will investigate appropriate combinations of human intelligence (HI) and artificial intelligence (AI) in improving flight planning and real-time decision making in the future (2030 and beyond) National Airspace System (NAS).  Leveraging ADP’s 37 years of manned flight experience, including 5 years of flying and instructing on small unmanned aerial systems (sUAS) and 2 years of flying MQ-9s in tactical airspace, as well as DHWA’s decades of experience with advanced algorithms and AI, and building on our team’s recent award of a Phase I STTR for Agility Prime to design and demonstrate combined HI/AI capabilities for unmanned aerial systems (UAS) in the FLITE Core Cloud System (FCCS) (which will enable control of multiple UAS by a single pilot, while monitoring and mitigating any potential risks even should a UAS go into a lost link condition, all while sharing telemetry with other USSs and ATM), the ADP team will help NASA, FAA, and other aviation stakeholders answer key questions regarding the effective application of AI to piloted, remotely-piloted, and eventually autonomous aviation. Additionally, the ADP team will design a ground control station (GCS) that is built for HI/AI collaboration. This investigation will result in the design of a set of Phase II prototype components to be integrated with FCCS and existing/emerging UTM systems, and eventually NextGen air traffic management (ATM).  Benefits to NASA, FAA, and other aviation stakeholders include a better understanding of the appropriate combinations and interactions of HI and AI, leading to safer and more efficient piloted, remotely piloted, and autonomous flight in the NAS

          
          
     
Potential NASA Applications (Limit 1500 characters, approximately 150 words):

Human operators utilizing AI and an AI-ready GCS to control 10+ aircraft safely through this technology will introduce new capabilities for air traffic management and airspace operations (e.g., TBO). Additionally, our approach will introduce new methods of utilizing artificial intelligence, data science methods and machine learning.

          
          
     
Potential Non-NASA Applications (Limit 1500 characters, approximately 150 words):

Our target markets for this software are AAM/UTM, package delivery firms, food delivery firms, public safety agencies, U.S. Government agencies, military in addition to UAS manufacturers. The platform is being designed for having a pilot ultimately control 10+ aircraft safely and for the AI to be in a position to handle all flight scenarios including emergencies fully autonomous.

          
          
     
Duration:     6
          
          

PROPOSAL NUMBER:
 21-1- Z2.02-2936
SUBTOPIC TITLE:
 High-Performance Space Computing Technology
PROPOSAL TITLE:
 RadRISC: A Secure, Resilient RISC-V Processor Infrastructure for Space Operations

Small Business Concern

   
Firm:
          
Tactical Computing Laboratories
          
   
Address:
          
55 County Road 462, Muenster, TX 76252
          
   
Phone:
          
(469) 712-6601                                                                                                                                                                                
          

Principal Investigator:

   
Name:
          
David Donofrio
          
   
E-mail:
          
ddonofrio@tactcomplabs.com
          
   
Address:
          
55 County Road 462, TX 76252 - 3505
          
   
Phone:
          
(916) 212-3295                                                                                                                                                                                
          

Business Official:

   
Name:
          
John Leidel
          
   
E-mail:
          
jleidel@tactcomplabs.com
          
   
Address:
          
55 County Road 462, TX 76252 - 3505
          
   
Phone:
          
(469) 712-6601                                                                                                                                                                                
          

Summary Details:

   
Estimated Technology Readiness Level (TRL) :                                                                                                                                                          
Begin: 2
End: 3
          
          
     
Technical Abstract (Limit 2000 characters, approximately 200 words):

To address the needs of image processing and other data parallel scientific applications TCL proposes RadRISC a scalable architecture composed of simple cores based on the RISC-V ISA with a Single Instruction Multiple Data (SIMD) architecture similar in organization to modern GPU processors. The preliminary overall system architecture includes an array of RISC-V cores connected via a RapidIO fault tolerant switch which also enables connections to a fault tolerant external memory for program data and an independent fault tolerant memory for checkpointing. The RapidIO switch in RadRISC also provides a connection to the hardware root of trust and any connected I/O devices or peripherals.  An emphasis will be placed on keeping the cores relatively simple as this will enable more effective fault tolerance. The introduction of architectural complexity is an invitation to increase the potential failure points in a given processor design. 

While RadRISC will have many robust reliability features it will not sacrifice performance. The targeted signal and image processing workloads will be highly data-parallel which drives a simple, in-order pipeline architecture for RadRISC in lieu of a complex out-of-order design to enable maximum performance-per-watt. Per-cycle performance will be further enhanced through the addition of a SIMD unit to take advantage of the data parallelism.  Previous resilient processor architectures have focused on strictly protecting user code. However, the RadRISC hardware and software stack will protect code executed in machine mode, supervisor mode and user mode. This is enabled by the combination of the aforementioned hardware techniques as well as a series of compiler-driven software techniques. This compiler-centric approach allows us to subsequently compile all the software components required to operate the system. This system and software architecture can be modeled using Sandia National Laboratories’ Structural Simulation Toolkit (SST).

          
          
     
Potential NASA Applications (Limit 1500 characters, approximately 150 words):

In addition to the prescribed in flight system architectures, the proposed approach is applicable to a number of other NASA-associated markets.  Our proposed approach can also be applied to other mission critical systems.  This includes robotic control systems for flight operations and landing vehicle operations.  Further, with a sufficient degree of compute density, these devices can be extended to create autonomous robotic vehicles and to traditional autonomous satellite or deep space probe devices.

          
          
     
Potential Non-NASA Applications (Limit 1500 characters, approximately 150 words):

There are several non-NASA market that include the ability to adapt the IP to commercial space applications, the application of the technology to miniature satellites, the application of the technology to traditional aeronautics and the application of the technology to autonomous vehicle platforms.  We may also apply this for national security environments associated with DoE NNSA applications.  

          
          
     
Duration:     6
          
          

PROPOSAL NUMBER:
 21-1- S5.06-3081
SUBTOPIC TITLE:
 Space Weather Research-to-Operations/Operations-to-Research (R2O/O2R) Technology Development
PROPOSAL TITLE:
 Advanced Climatology Innovations for Space Radiation Environments

Small Business Concern

   
Firm:
          
Fifth Gait Technologies, Inc.
          
   
Address:
          
835 Puente Drive, SANTA BARBARA, CA 93110
          
   
Phone:
          
(805) 964-1496                                                                                                                                                                                
          

Principal Investigator:

   
Name:
          
Dr. Zachary Robinson
          
   
E-mail:
          
zachary@5thgait.com
          
   
Address:
          
502 Balsam Terrace Way SW, AL 35824 - 3508
          
   
Phone:
          
(443) 285-3298                                                                                                                                                                                
          

Business Official:

   
Name:
          
Mrs. Amanda Borders
          
   
E-mail:
          
amanda@5thgait.com
          
   
Address:
          
9023 Craigmont Road, AL 35802 - 2909
          
   
Phone:
          
(256) 886-8353                                                                                                                                                                                
          

Summary Details:

   
Estimated Technology Readiness Level (TRL) :                                                                                                                                                          
Begin: 2
End: 3
          
          
     
Technical Abstract (Limit 2000 characters, approximately 200 words):

The Space Ionizing Radiation Environment and Effects Advanced Climatology (SIRE2-AC) tool will enhance the capabilities of space climatology, system design, and system performance evaluation. The SIRE2 toolkit will be modified to interface with the new iPATH tool, using the current conditions around the Sun to propagate the radiation environment to the Earth over the next few days. The radiation environment can then be propagated into the Earth’s geomagnetic field and an electronic part using the models available in SIRE2.

The SIRE2-AC proposal is submitted to the Space Weather Research-to-Operations/Operations-to-Research (R2O/O2R) Technology Development subtopic and will provide an innovative tool to the space weather forecasting. The new capability for SIRE2 will provide enhanced forecasts of the energetic particle conditions encounter by spacecraft within Earth’s magnetosphere. SIRE2 can calculate the environment inside the Earth’s magnetosphere using the built-in geomagnetic cutoff models. Arbitrary trajectories can be read into SIRE2, allowing for environment calculations anywhere in the Earth’s magnetosphere, including Lunar space environments.

The proposed Phase I effort will result in a demonstration of the SIRE2 toolkit that is able to use iPATH databases of the solar radiation component. This Phase I effort will also develop a synthesized SPE environment from the iPATH model for a selected significant SPE event. One such candidate events would be the August 1972 event.

          
          
     
Potential NASA Applications (Limit 1500 characters, approximately 150 words):

When the goals of the Phase I effort are completed, NASA will have access to a tool that can provide enhanced forecasts for any mission to space. The demonstrative version of SIRE2 will be to use the iPATH output for the current conditions of the Sun. The current NASA programs, projects or missions that could benefit from this effort are the Artemis Mission, International Space Station, Space Launch System, Multi-Purpose Crew Vehicles, and any satellite or instrument inside the Earth’s magnetosphere (JASON-3, SMAP, etc.).

          
          
     
Potential Non-NASA Applications (Limit 1500 characters, approximately 150 words):

Companies like SpaceX and Blue Origin can utilize this Phase I/II work support future space adventure plans. SIRE2 could provide these companies with state-of-the-art models to support their space missions. The Phase I/II effort could be used to support SpaceX’s missions to the International Space Station. There are also numerous DoD and DoE programs that could benefit from enhanced forecasting.

          
          
     
Duration:     6
          
          

PROPOSAL NUMBER:
 21-1- H8.01-1850
SUBTOPIC TITLE:
 Low Earth Orbit (LEO) Platform Utilization to Foster Commercial Development of Space
PROPOSAL TITLE:
 Polymer Composites with Exceptional Atomic Oxygen Resistance for Low Earth Orbit Applications

Small Business Concern

   
Firm:
          
Material Answers, LLC
          
   
Address:
          
66 Buckskin Drive, Weston, MA 02493
          
   
Phone:
          
(617) 378-1976                                                                                                                                                                                
          

Principal Investigator:

   
Name:
          
Chris Scott
          
   
E-mail:
          
cscott@materialanswers.com
          
   
Address:
          
66 Buckskin Drive, MA 02493 - 1130
          
   
Phone:
          
(617) 378-1976                                                                                                                                                                                
          

Business Official:

   
Name:
          
Chris Scott
          
   
E-mail:
          
cscott@materialanswers.com
          
   
Address:
          
66 Buckskin Drive, MA 02493 - 1130
          
   
Phone:
          
(617) 378-1976                                                                                                                                                                                
          

Summary Details:

   
Estimated Technology Readiness Level (TRL) :                                                                                                                                                          
Begin: 2
End: 3
          
          
     
Technical Abstract (Limit 2000 characters, approximately 200 words):

The proposed work will develop lightweight multifunctional composites based on novel continuous fiber reinforced fluorinated polybenzoxazine (FPBZ) resin with an ultra-high nanofiller concentration nanocomposite coating.  The composites are designed to provide exceptional atomic oxygen erosion resistance as well as thermal stability and structural performance. Atomic oxygen erosion resistance will be provided primarily through the application of a nacre-memetic coating comprised of layered silicate.  This approach provides a path towards addressing the need for a lightweight alternative to aluminum in low earth orbit (LEO) applications such as satellites and orbiting spacecraft.  FPBZ’s can be processed using liquid resin molding techniques such as lay-up, compression molding, and autoclaving.  Thus, polymers and composites developed during this project are expected to provide a unique combination of properties and processing characteristics to meet the needs of NASA and the rapidly expanding commercial space market. Ground-based testing and modeling tasks will be utilized during Phase I to provide a preliminary assessment of atomic oxygen resistance; ultimately leading to testing aboard the International Space Station (ISS) during Phase II using the MISSE-FF (Materials International Space Station Experiment – Flight Facility).

          
          
     
Potential NASA Applications (Limit 1500 characters, approximately 150 words):

The proposed work addresses the need for a lightweight alternative to aluminum in low earth orbit (LEO) applications such as satellites and orbiting spacecraft.  A key market driver is the need for lighter weight materials that can replace metal components to reduce launch costs.    Applications include components requiring a lightweight atomic oxygen-resistant material to replace aluminum while increasing volume efficiency and/or reducing mass, for example, structural components and non-structural components exposed to the LEO environment.

          
          
     
Potential Non-NASA Applications (Limit 1500 characters, approximately 150 words):

Opportunities for new structural materials in spacecraft, such as CubeSats, are steadily increasing and are driven by the demand for materials with improved volumetric efficiency and lower mass compared to conventional materials such as aluminum.  Targeted applications include primary structural components (e.g. frames and chassis) and secondary structural components (e.g. panels and covers).  

          
          
     
Duration:     6
          
          

PROPOSAL NUMBER:
 21-1- A1.06-2874
SUBTOPIC TITLE:
 Vertical Lift Technology and Urban Air Mobility
PROPOSAL TITLE:
 Onboard Prognostics and Health Management for UAM using Machine Learning Techniques

Small Business Concern

   
Firm:
          
Empirical Systems Aerospace, Inc.
          
   
Address:
          
3580 Sueldo Street, San Luis Obispo, CA 93401
          
   
Phone:
          
(805) 275-1053                                                                                                                                                                                
          

Principal Investigator:

   
Name:
          
Clayton Green
          
   
E-mail:
          
Clayton.Green@esaero.com
          
   
Address:
          
3580 Sueldo Street, CA 93401 - 7338
          
   
Phone:
          
(805) 275-1053                                                                                                                                                                                
          

Business Official:

   
Name:
          
Andrew Gibson
          
   
E-mail:
          
andrew.gibson@esaero.com
          
   
Address:
          
3580 Sueldo St., CA 93401 - 7338
          
   
Phone:
          
(805) 704-1865                                                                                                                                                                                
          

Summary Details:

   
Estimated Technology Readiness Level (TRL) :                                                                                                                                                          
Begin: 2
End: 4
          
          
     
Technical Abstract (Limit 2000 characters, approximately 200 words):

During this Phase I effort ESAero will research and develop a prognostics and health management system (PHM) designed for electric motor inverters. The final PHM system will consist of a microcomputer or FPGA loaded with a fault detection algorithm connected to the sensors in an inverter. This stage will focus on refining the algorithm. Past ESAero PHM used deep autoencoder, but convolutional autoencoder, a recurrent neural network (RNN), long short-term memory (LSTM) units, and gated recurrent units (GRUs) will be investigated as alternatives and improvements. ESAero will add additional software functions of fault classification and remaining useful life. K-Nearest Neighbor (KNN), support vector machines (SVMs), and random decision forests are candidates for fault classification methods. For remaining useful life, ESAero will explore several physic model based and data-driven approaches. This effort will utilize ESAero’s large depository of X57 test data taking during prototype and acceptance testing. PHM will “operate” on the data and detect and predict faults recorded in the X57 tests. This will demonstrate PHM’s capability, performance, requirements, and reduce risks before entering hardware design. Planning ahead, ESAero will investigate the certification and regulations that will be applicable to PHM. ESAero will develop a risk mitigation plan to overcome regulatory barriers. The product of this research will lead to the development of PHM requirements for UAM inverters. In addition, ESAero will begin prototype component selection which will verify currently available hardware can meet these requirements.

          
          
     
Potential NASA Applications (Limit 1500 characters, approximately 150 words):

This effort will add understanding of health and remaining useful life (RUL) of inverters for electric UAM. The results of this effort will benefit NASA’s Advanced Air Mobility (AAM) National Campaign, NASA X57 Maxwell, and other NASA electric efforts. Determining reliability, RUL, and how to maintenance electrical components of electric systems has burdened regulators. Electric systems have no visual detection of ware.  A system that can manage the health and predict RUL will provide actionable data to technicians and regulators. 

          
          
     
Potential Non-NASA Applications (Limit 1500 characters, approximately 150 words):

PHM for inverters will provide health and remaining useful life (RUL) to electric components that previously would only be hours operated or operation to failure. PHM planned in this effort could be a small integrable board or a software addon to an inverter with enough computational power. This inverter PHM could later be incorporated in a aircraft level PHM health manage system.

          
          
     
Duration:     6
          
          

PROPOSAL NUMBER:
 21-1- H10.02-1504
SUBTOPIC TITLE:
 Autonomous Operations Technologies for Ground and Launch Systems
PROPOSAL TITLE:
 Automated System for Managing Assets, Resources, and Tasks

Small Business Concern

   
Firm:
          
TRACLabs, Inc.
          
   
Address:
          
100 North East Loop 410, Suite 520, San Antonio, TX 78216
          
   
Phone:
          
(281) 461-7886                                                                                                                                                                                
          

Principal Investigator:

   
Name:
          
David Kortenkamp
          
   
E-mail:
          
korten@traclabs.com
          
   
Address:
          
100 North East Loop 410, Suite 520, TX 78216 - 1234
          
   
Phone:
          
(281) 461-7886                                                                                                                                                                                
          

Business Official:

   
Name:
          
David Kortenkamp
          
   
E-mail:
          
korten@traclabs.com
          
   
Address:
          
100 North East Loop 410, Suite 520, TX 78216 - 1234
          
   
Phone:
          
(281) 461-7886                                                                                                                                                                                
          

Summary Details:

   
Estimated Technology Readiness Level (TRL) :                                                                                                                                                          
Begin: 4
End: 5
          
          
     
Technical Abstract (Limit 2000 characters, approximately 200 words):

Safely and efficiently launching payloads and vehicles into space requires a carefully orchestrated coordination between critical assets, expensive resources, and highly trained personnel performing complicated and safety-critical tasks.  Managing this coordination is complicated by the use of disparate and unconnected tools such as paper checklists, Excel spreadsheets, siloed databases, and voice communication. While automated systems such as robots and smart sensors can help, the goal of this proposal is to automate processes and not the individual tasks themselves.  The Automated System for Managing Assets, Resources, and Tasks (A-SMART) system will focus on identifying inefficiencies in ground operations due to use of paper procedures, unconnected data, and disconnected workers. A-SMART will also focus on increasing efficiencies of ground operations by collecting data about assets, resources, and personnel utilization in a common database that can be mined by business intelligence tools to identify dwell times, bottlenecks, and unsafe operations. At the heart of A-SMART is an automated, electronic procedure platform called PRIDE that can coordinate personnel with assets and resources while performing ground operations tasks. PRIDE is already being used by the 45th Space Wing at Cape Canaveral for range safety operations. A-SMART will employ advanced AI and machine learning algorithms to track asset and resource utilization while incorporating Internet of Things (IoT) and smart sensor data processing to pull analyzed data into procedures automatically.  The A-SMART system can automate many of the complicated processes associated with ground operations and automatically generate the data needed for signing off on launch decisions.  The benefits to NASA of A-SMART will be safer and more efficient ground operations as the tempo of launches increases.

          
          
     
Potential NASA Applications (Limit 1500 characters, approximately 150 words):

This research will have immediate application to ground automation at NASA KSC. PRIDE is already being used at several NASA centers and this research will increase its capabilities. NASA AFRC is using PRIDE for ground tests on the Air Volt test stand. PRIDE has been selected for use in ground operations for the VIPER robotic mission to the moon with operations at NASA ARC. Human spaceflight operations at NASA JCS are another NASA application.

          
          
     
Potential Non-NASA Applications (Limit 1500 characters, approximately 150 words):

The electronic procedure platform proposed in this project is being used by major oil field services companies, chemical manufacturers, commercial space companies, and the 45th Space Wing at Cape Canaveral. Each of these existing customers is a potential customer for this research. We will license the software developed under this project separately as an add-on to the existing product.  

          
          
     
Duration:     6
          
          

PROPOSAL NUMBER:
 21-1- Z13.03-2204
SUBTOPIC TITLE:
 Lunar Dust Mitigation Technology for Spacesuits
PROPOSAL TITLE:
 xEMU Lunar Dust Protection Devices

Small Business Concern

   
Firm:
          
Innovative Aerospace, LLC
          
   
Address:
          
8 Woodland Ridge, Southwick, MA 01077
          
   
Phone:
          
(413) 426-8121                                                                                                                                                                                
          

Principal Investigator:

   
Name:
          
Mr. Thomas Stapleton
          
   
E-mail:
          
ThomasStapleton-IA@outlook.com
          
   
Address:
          
8 Woodland Ridge, MA 01077 - 9423
          
   
Phone:
          
(413) 239-7389                                                                                                                                                                                
          

Business Official:

   
Name:
          
Lynne Stapleton
          
   
E-mail:
          
lynnes5980@gmail.com
          
   
Address:
          
8 Woodland Ridge, MA 01077 - 9423
          
   
Phone:
          
(413) 426-8121                                                                                                                                                                                
          

Summary Details:

   
Estimated Technology Readiness Level (TRL) :                                                                                                                                                          
Begin: 1
End: 4
          
          
     
Technical Abstract (Limit 2000 characters, approximately 200 words):

The Primary Life Support System (PLSS), within the xEMU, helps to provide a safe environment for astronauts during lunar exploration. NASA identified seven PLSS venting items that they consider as at risk of operational degradation due to the presence of lunar dust. The intent is to protect these items from the dust that is very invasive, electrostatically and magnetically charged and tends to stick to surfaces due to its static-electricity charges. 
To meet this need, Lunar Dust Protection Devices will be designed to stop dust from reaching sealing surfaces or hydrophilic membranes within safety critical PLSS components. Self-sealing silicone covers will be developed to protect valves and quick disconnects until activated by crew force or venting gas pressure, while protective screens will be used to protect the membranes, which flow water vapor intermittently. The protection devices will be treated with anti-static elements to reduce lunar dust adherence and use forces, available during EVA or IVA, to encourage gathered dust to fall from them. The forces include lunar gravity, vibration generated by PLSS rotating equipment, crew impact loads while walking/working, overboard gas flow from PLSS components and crew member interaction. Magnetic brushes can take advantage of the dusts magnetic property, during post-EVA, to remove any remaining dust from the devices.
The Lunar Dust Protection Devices will consume very little weight and volume and no power. Each protection device will be developed addressing specific xEMU item geometry, flow rates, flow direction, fluid properties and related human factors. Functioning prototypes will be constructed using accepted manned flight material and design practices and be tested for analytical correlation. Once proven, these design concepts can be readily adapted to other Artemis dust mitigation needs, offering NASA a common set of solutions that may be deployed throughout lunar exploration systems. 
 

          
          
     
Potential NASA Applications (Limit 1500 characters, approximately 150 words):

Many countries are interested in lunar exploration, including the USA, EU, Russia and China. Commercial manned exploration is further enhanced by interest of up to three companies competing to build the Lunar Lander. Presented passive, dust protection devices mitigate safety risks and may solve many different challenges when developing commercial exploration systems. Creating a family of Dust Protection Devices may lead to State-of-The-Art solutions applicable to a wide range of applications.

          
          
     
Potential Non-NASA Applications (Limit 1500 characters, approximately 150 words):

Dust presents challenges to many industries on Earth including coal handling, cement fabrication, metal fabrication, mining, chemical processing, woodworking, pharmaceutical, recycling and agricultural industries. The included covers may be readily applied to protect considerable equipment within these industries since the core “elements” employed to develop them are also present on Earth. 

          
          
     
Duration:     6
          
          

PROPOSAL NUMBER:
 21-1- Z2.01-2526
SUBTOPIC TITLE:
 Spacecraft Thermal Management
PROPOSAL TITLE:
 Passively Actuated Ultra-Low Mass Radiator for Lunar Surface

Small Business Concern

   
Firm:
          
Novus Energy Technologies, Inc.
          
   
Address:
          
7548 Silver View Lane, Raleigh, NC 27613
          
   
Phone:
          
(919) 619-8153                                                                                                                                                                                
          

Principal Investigator:

   
Name:
          
Dr. Andy Muto
          
   
E-mail:
          
andy@novusenergytechnologies.com
          
   
Address:
          
7033 Talton Ridge Dr , NC 27519 - 9000
          
   
Phone:
          
(585) 755-6569                                                                                                                                                                                
          

Business Official:

   
Name:
          
Peter Thomas
          
   
E-mail:
          
pete@novusenergytechnologies.com
          
   
Address:
          
7548 Silver View Ln, NC 27613 - 1071
          
   
Phone:
          
(919) 619-8153                                                                                                                                                                                
          

Summary Details:

   
Estimated Technology Readiness Level (TRL) :                                                                                                                                                          
Begin: 2
End: 3
          
          
     
Technical Abstract (Limit 2000 characters, approximately 200 words):

NASA seeks lunar surface thermal technologies to enable human-class landers operating in the challenging lunar environment where surface temperatures range from 100 (or less) to 400 K.  Novus proposes an innovative solution for modular, passively actuated, ultra-low-mass radiators, offering near-constant temperature control, high fault tolerance against micrometeoroids and deep mass/volume reduction.  The radiator system specific mass target is 1.5 kg/m2 (20% that of deployed systems (7.6 kg/m2)). A modularized architecture of many parallel thermosiphons each containing an ingenious integrated spring mechanism allow the system to passively maintain a designed pressure/temperature.  The proposed work builds off past accomplishments at Novus prototyping ultra-low mass flexible space radiators and heat rejection systems for aerospace clients including a radioisotope thermoelectric generator (RTG) for NASA’s Next Gen RTG program.

Novus is a component/subsystem level US-manufacturer with an experienced R&D team pursuing transformative thermal management and thermoelectric heat pump/heat engine products.  This technology will serve space and terrestrial consumer markets.  Our technology portfolio offers an exciting class of terrestrial products that bring thermal control immediately close to the body e.g. wearable active thermal systems and portable refrigeration products.  The inflatable radiator heat rejection system offers aerospace thermal performance, in a small, flexible form factor, low-mass and silent operation.  Our synergistic go-to-market strategy in the terrestrial consumer market will accelerate penetration in the space market by ramping up manufacturing, increasing technical industry knowledge and generating reliability data.

 

          
          
     
Potential NASA Applications (Limit 1500 characters, approximately 150 words):

 

  • thermal systems on planetary bodies with enough gravity to run thermosiphons such as the Moon and Mars
  • mass-constrained heat rejection systems that benefit from a reduction in radiator mass of >90% compared to legacy systems  
  • crewed missions with large thermal systems (vehicles, landers, bases) and a centralized heat rejection loop that benefits from high fault tolerance and passive thermal control during cold nights
  • uncrewed robotic missions that benefit from passive thermal control during cold nights which need a high turn-down ratio
          
          
     
Potential Non-NASA Applications (Limit 1500 characters, approximately 150 words):

Terrestrial heat pumps are becoming miniaturized and portable, which means that the heat exchangers need to be lighter and flexible.  Novus has near-term opportunities in the emerging market of distributed consumer thermal management products for refrigeration, HVAC, portable cooling devices, thermal transport in wearable electronics, clothing, camping gear, furniture, and bedding. 

          
          
     
Duration:     6
          
          

PROPOSAL NUMBER:
 21-1- Z10.03-1310
SUBTOPIC TITLE:
 Space Nuclear Propulsion
PROPOSAL TITLE:
 Distributed High-Temperature Fiber-Optic Temperature Sensing System for Nuclear Thermal Propulsion

Small Business Concern

   
Firm:
          
Intelligent Fiber Optic Systems Corporation
          
   
Address:
          
4425 Fortran Drive, San Jose, CA 95134
          
   
Phone:
          
(408) 565-9004                                                                                                                                                                                
          

Principal Investigator:

   
Name:
          
Dr. Bijan Moslehi
          
   
E-mail:
          
bijan@ifos.com
          
   
Address:
          
4425 Fortran Drive, CA 95134 - 2300
          
   
Phone:
          
(408) 565-9000                                                                                                                                                                                
          

Business Official:

   
Name:
          
Behzad Moslehi
          
   
E-mail:
          
bm@ifos.com
          
   
Address:
          
4425 Fortran Drive, CA 95134 - 2300
          
   
Phone:
          
(408) 565-9004                                                                                                                                                                                
          

Summary Details:

   
Estimated Technology Readiness Level (TRL) :                                                                                                                                                          
Begin: 3
End: 4
          
          
     
Technical Abstract (Limit 2000 characters, approximately 200 words):

To meet NASA’s NTP objectives for spaceflight missions, IFOS proposes Reactor*Sense™ as a rugged, miniaturized, multi-function, and multiplexable high-temperature sapphire optical fibers (SOF)-based Distributed Temperature Sensing (DTS) system. The system will be designed for the extreme operating environments with Phase I design for 1,800°C and Phase II design for ~ 2,800°C. The use of Raman sensing also enables growth provisions to add spectroscopic measurements of species. Reactor*Sense™ has a miniaturized photonic integrated interrogator that will be placed remotely in cooler regions (< 200°C). The Reactor*Sense™ photonic, ultra-high-speed signal processing uses IFOS' massively-parallel Photonic Spectral Processing (PSP) in Photonic Integrated Circuit (PIC) architecture, eliminating conventional speed bottlenecks and providing breakthrough system miniaturization for spaceflight missions.

          
          
     
Potential NASA Applications (Limit 1500 characters, approximately 150 words):

Rocket*Sense™ will enable accelerated NTP development to support NASA’s human exploration missions, including reduced time to Mars. The Rocket*Sense™ technology will also be applicable to NASA’s propulsion and flight research programs, offering enhanced awareness of key parameters often out of reliable reach of conventional sensors due to the harsh environments involved.

          
          
     
Potential Non-NASA Applications (Limit 1500 characters, approximately 150 words):

The IFOS technology will benefit both military and commercial engine applications by providing the sensing scalability required to keep pace with next-generation propulsion systems. It is also applicable to DOE's power generation/management, renewable energy, and fossil fuel programs. 

          
          
     
Duration:     6
          
          

PROPOSAL NUMBER:
 21-1- Z10.03-2783
SUBTOPIC TITLE:
 Space Nuclear Propulsion
PROPOSAL TITLE:
 Ultrahigh-Temperature Material Property Testing Above 2000C in Vacuum and Hot Hydrogen

Small Business Concern

   
Firm:
          
Ultra Safe Nuclear Corporation-Technologies
          
   
Address:
          
2356 West Commodore Way, Unit 120, Seattle, WA 98199
          
   
Phone:
          
(858) 342-4837                                                                                                                                                                                
          

Principal Investigator:

   
Name:
          
Dr. Gavin Garside
          
   
E-mail:
          
g.garside@usnc-tech.com
          
   
Address:
          
1930 N. 2200 W., Suite 5, UT 84116 - 1127
          
   
Phone:
          
(801) 758-0369                                                                                                                                                                                
          

Business Official:

   
Name:
          
Paolo Venneri
          
   
E-mail:
          
p.venneri@usnc.com
          
   
Address:
          
2356 West Commodore Way, Unit 120, WA 98199 - 1465
          
   
Phone:
          
(858) 342-4837                                                                                                                                                                                
          

Summary Details:

   
Estimated Technology Readiness Level (TRL) :                                                                                                                                                          
Begin: 1
End: 3
          
          
     
Technical Abstract (Limit 2000 characters, approximately 200 words):

USNC-Tech proposes the design of a scalable ultrahigh-temperature material property testing and performance evaluation facility specialized for space nuclear reactor core and fuel components.  This testing facility will be capable of material evaluation under vacuum, hydrogen, nitrogen, and argon atmospheres at temperatures up to 2700 °C.  Both contact and non-contact measurement methods for testing data collection are included as part of the design of this system, and are within the scope of this proposal. The combination of ultrahigh-temperature testing, hydrogen atmospheric conditions, and contact/non-contact data collection is a very challenging set of requirements to simultaneously achieve. Two existing facilities can perform hot hydrogen testing (CFEET and NTREES) but neither has the capability to perform in-situ material characterization. The proposed solution will be the only known system that simultaneously combines ultrahigh-temperature testing, hydrogen atmosphere, and material property data collection at temperature. 

          
          
     
Potential NASA Applications (Limit 1500 characters, approximately 150 words):

LEU-NTP and NTP flight demonstrator projects are developing NTP technologies for use in deep space exploration missions. Additionally, the U.S. Department of Defense is beginning a project to develop NTP technologies for military applications. Among the nuclear fuel technologies currently being developed in those projects, carbide fuels are uniquely capable for operation at the highest operational temperatures and compete in a class of their own for capabilities of operation above 1,000s Isp. 

          
          
     
Potential Non-NASA Applications (Limit 1500 characters, approximately 150 words):

USNC-Tech is actively engaged with multiple companies that are seeking to develop space nuclear technology for the emerging in-space economy. Additionally, hydrogen production is key to USNC-Tech’s parent company, USNC. USNC has entered into agreements to develop hydrogen production technologies with major industry partners and the capabilities developed in this SBIR are highly relevant. 

          
          
     
Duration:     6
          
          

PROPOSAL NUMBER:
 21-1- S3.02-1628
SUBTOPIC TITLE:
 Dynamic Power Conversion
PROPOSAL TITLE:
 Microfabrication of Stirling Heat Engine Regenerators

Small Business Concern

   
Firm:
          
Polaronyx, Inc.
          
   
Address:
          
2526 Qume Drive, Suites 17 and 18, San Jose, CA 95131
          
   
Phone:
          
(408) 573-0930                                                                                                                                                                                
          

Principal Investigator:

   
Name:
          
Shuang Bai
          
   
E-mail:
          
sbai@polaronyx.com
          
   
Address:
          
2526 Qume Drive, Suites 17 and 18, CA 95131 - 1870
          
   
Phone:
          
(408) 573-0930                                                                                                                                                                                
          

Business Official:

   
Name:
          
Dr. Jian Liu
          
   
E-mail:
          
jianliu@polaronyx.com
          
   
Address:
          
2526 Qume Drive, Suites 17 and 18, CA 95131 - 1870
          
   
Phone:
          
(408) 573-0930                                                                                                                                                                                
          

Summary Details:

   
Estimated Technology Readiness Level (TRL) :                                                                                                                                                          
Begin: 2
End: 4
          
          
     
Technical Abstract (Limit 2000 characters, approximately 200 words):

This NASA SBIR Phase I proposal presents an unprecedented laser nano additive manufacturing system for making Stirling heat engine regenerators, by using a pulsed fiber laser and nano-technology. It is the enabling technology for manufacturing fine structures with micron precision. With our successful history in AM and SM processing, this proposal has a great potential to succeed. A proof of concept demonstration will be carried out and samples will be delivered at the end of Phase 1.Prototypes in compliant with the Stirling heat engine system requirement will be delivered at the end of Phase II.

          
          
     
Potential NASA Applications (Limit 1500 characters, approximately 150 words):

In addition to NASA’s heat engine components manufacturing, the proposed pulsed laser AM process can also be used in other applications, such as space vehicle, aircraft, and satellite manufacturing. PolarOnyx will develop a series of products to meet various requirements for NASA deployments.

          
          
     
Potential Non-NASA Applications (Limit 1500 characters, approximately 150 words):

3D printing uses various technologies for building the products for all kinds of applications from foods, toys to rockets and cars. The global market for 3D Printing is projected to reach US$44 billion by the year 2025, driven by the advent of newer technologies, approaches, and applications.

          
          
     
Duration:     6
          
          

PROPOSAL NUMBER:
 21-1- Z13.01-1629
SUBTOPIC TITLE:
 Active and Passive Dust Mitigation Surfaces
PROPOSAL TITLE:
 Passive Nano-and Micro-Textured Dust-Mitigation Surfaces in Space-Grade Materials Made with a Highly-Scalable Fabrication Process

Small Business Concern

   
Firm:
          
Smart Material Solutions, Inc.
          
   
Address:
          
984 Trinity Road, Raleigh, NC 27607
          
   
Phone:
          
(919) 521-4440                                                                                                                                                                                
          

Principal Investigator:

   
Name:
          
Stephen Furst
          
   
E-mail:
          
furst@smartmaterialsolutions.com
          
   
Address:
          
984 Trinity Rd., NC 27607 - 4940
          
   
Phone:
          
(919) 521-4440                                                                                                                                                                                
          

Business Official:

   
Name:
          
Stephen Furst
          
   
E-mail:
          
furst@smartmaterialsolutions.com
          
   
Address:
          
984 Trinity Rd., NC 27607 - 4940
          
   
Phone:
          
(919) 521-4440                                                                                                                                                                                
          

Summary Details:

   
Estimated Technology Readiness Level (TRL) :                                                                                                                                                          
Begin: 2
End: 4
          
          
     
Technical Abstract (Limit 2000 characters, approximately 200 words):

In this SBIR Phase 1 project, Smart Material Solutions, Inc. will fabricate passive dust mitigating surfaces using micro- and nano-texturing. The texturing will be created by SMS’s novel and highly scalable “Nanocoining” technique, which uses mechanical indenting to rapidly replicate micro- and nano-patterns onto a metal surface, such as a seamless cylindrical drum mold for roll-to-roll nanoimprint lithography.

The project involves a partnership with Professor Chih-Hao Chang at the University of Texas, Austin, an expert in the wetting and adhesion properties of nanotextured surfaces. Professor Chang’s experience will guide the design of surfaces to resist adhesion of lunar dust simulants. Designed surfaces with a range of topographies will be created on a 6” diameter metal mold and replicated into space-grade polymers such as FEP, Teflon, and Kapton using thermal and UV-assisted embossing. The fabricated textured surfaces will then be chemically treated and tested with lunar dust simulant at UT Austin.

The proposed work will further develop a nano-patterning technique that is more than 500 times faster than electron beam lithography and can be used for multiple surface modification or optical applications with value in industry, at NASA, and beyond.

          
          
     
Potential NASA Applications (Limit 1500 characters, approximately 150 words):
  • Passive dust mitigation surfaces
  • Superhydrophobic surfaces
  • Drag reduction surfaces
  • Anti-reflective surfaces for improved solar panel efficiency
  • Metamaterials for sensing and energy harvesting
          
          
     
Potential Non-NASA Applications (Limit 1500 characters, approximately 150 words):
  • Micro optics for augmented and virtual reality
  • Light extraction films for LED/OLED displays and lighting
  • Tuned spectral absorbers for camouflage
  • Anti-microbial surfaces
          
          
     
Duration:     6
          
          

PROPOSAL NUMBER:
 21-1- S2.04-2951
SUBTOPIC TITLE:
 X-Ray Mirror Systems Technology, Coating Technology for X-Ray-UV-OIR, and Free-Form Optics
PROPOSAL TITLE:
 Foundational Thin Film Coating Technology for Advanced Geometry X-Ray Mirrors

Small Business Concern

   
Firm:
          
Summit Information Solutions, Inc.
          
   
Address:
          
3957 Westerre Parkway, Suite 120, Richmond, VA 23233
          
   
Phone:
          
(804) 201-4399                                                                                                                                                                                
          

Principal Investigator:

   
Name:
          
Dr. Dustin Winslow
          
   
E-mail:
          
dustin.winslow@summitis.com
          
   
Address:
          
7067 Old Madison Pike, NW, Suite 115 , AL 35806 - 2177
          
   
Phone:
          
(801) 259-5574                                                                                                                                                                                
          

Business Official:

   
Name:
          
Shuganti Caradonna
          
   
E-mail:
          
shuganti.caradonna@summitis.com
          
   
Address:
          
3957 Westerre Parkway, Suite 120, VA 23233 - 1303
          
   
Phone:
          
(804) 840-8477                                                                                                                                                                                
          

Summary Details:

   
Estimated Technology Readiness Level (TRL) :                                                                                                                                                          
Begin: 3
End: 4
          
          
     
Technical Abstract (Limit 2000 characters, approximately 200 words):

Thin film coatings are used on X-Ray mirrors to provide high reflectivity surfaces, to increase the detector blaze angle, and even to increase the detection energy bandwidth of X-Rays through the use of bilayer stacks of high Z and low Z materials. With the age of the current NASA X-Ray detector work horses, Swift and Chandra, there are numerous missions in various stages of development so that wide field of view detection will not be lost. Each of these missions use slightly different mirror configurations to accomplish the tasks. Unfortunately, the mirror or focusing optics structures have become more complex as new capabilities are required by the scientific community. These complex mirror geometries and channel plate optics have posed a challenge for traditional coating technologies. Summit Information Solutions, Inc. proposes the use of a mature coating technique that offers conformal coatings with tight film thickness control and no need for line of sight during deposition. Although there has been some exploring of use of this technique in a University setting for this challenge, Summit will be able to leverage our experience using the deposition technique to successfully coat challenging materials on large three dimensionally complex objects for both the government and the private sector. Summit proposes two traditional X-Ray coatings to show feasibility, a W/Si bilayer and a Ni coating.

          
          
     
Potential NASA Applications (Limit 1500 characters, approximately 150 words):

The immediate NASA applications for this topic include the Gamow explorer, Lynx, and STORM. In addition, the technology developed here would see use on ESA’s ATHENA. Moving forward NASA would have access to a foundational manufacturing capability that would be able to coat high reflectivity coatings on arbitrarily complex X-Ray optics.

          
          
     
Potential Non-NASA Applications (Limit 1500 characters, approximately 150 words):

As stated under NASA applications, this technology would also benefit NASA’s partners, such as ESA, in development of X-Ray detector systems. The silicon pore optics and micro channel plate coating methods developed would also see use by the DoD on subwavelength, nonlinear optics sensor development.

          
          
     
Duration:     6
          
          

PROPOSAL NUMBER:
 21-1- Z7.01-1832
SUBTOPIC TITLE:
 Entry, Descent, and Landing Flight Sensors and Instrumentation
PROPOSAL TITLE:
 Rapidly Tuned Random Access Laser Source

Small Business Concern

   
Firm:
          
Freedom Photonics, LLC
          
   
Address:
          
41 Aero Camino, Santa Barbara, CA 93117
          
   
Phone:
          
(805) 967-4900                                                                                                                                                                                
          

Principal Investigator:

   
Name:
          
Mr. Donald Kebort
          
   
E-mail:
          
dkebort@freedomphotonics.com
          
   
Address:
          
41 Aero Camino, CA 93117 - 9311
          
   
Phone:
          
(805) 967-4900                                                                                                                                                                                
          

Business Official:

   
Name:
          
Milan Mashanovitch
          
   
E-mail:
          
mashan@freedomphotonics.com
          
   
Address:
          
41 Aero Camino, CA 93117 - 3104
          
   
Phone:
          
(805) 967-4900                                                                                                                                                                                
          

Summary Details:

   
Estimated Technology Readiness Level (TRL) :                                                                                                                                                          
Begin: 6
End: 7
          
          
     
Technical Abstract (Limit 2000 characters, approximately 200 words):

Semiconductor-based widely tunable lasers are attractive in that they are capable of wavelength switching on short timescales (<10ns); however, in order to switch at those speeds and remain stable, sophisticated control electronics and strategies are required.  The traditional approach to achieving switching speeds on the order of 100ns is to use an FPGA that interfaces to multiple digital to analog converters via a high-speed interface, resulting in a relatively large footprint and high power consumption (10s of watts not including the laser itself).  In our proposed approach, we suggest using our proprietary semiconductor devices that provide on-chip thermal compensation to remove the sensitivities to changing injection current, in conjunction with high-speed, low power consumption direct digital synthesis waveform generation integrated circuits.  This will result in a small footprint (approximately 2.7” x 3.4” x 0.54”) module that consumes less than 10W total (including laser and thermoelectric cooler).  This solution will enable volume and power constrained applications to adopt the capabilities that widely tunable laser source modules have to offer.  These applications include lidar (employing wavelength sensitive beam steering elements and/or FMCW), atmospheric gas sensing (methane, etc.), and fiber sensing.

          
          
     
Potential NASA Applications (Limit 1500 characters, approximately 150 words):

The proposed innovation directly supports multiple NASA interests including lidar, atmospheric gas sensing, and fiber sensing.

          
          
     
Potential Non-NASA Applications (Limit 1500 characters, approximately 150 words):

The proposed innovation directly supports multiple market interests including lidar, atmospheric gas sensing, and fiber sensing, and metrology.

 

          
          
     
Duration:     6
          
          

PROPOSAL NUMBER:
 21-1- S2.01-1942
SUBTOPIC TITLE:
 Proximity Glare Suppression for Astronomical Direct Detection of Exoplanets
PROPOSAL TITLE:
 Manufacturing and Tooling Optimization for Mirror Quality Assurance of High-Actuator-Count Deformable Mirrors

Small Business Concern

   
Firm:
          
Microscale, Inc.
          
   
Address:
          
800 West Cummings Park, Suite 3350, Woburn, MA 01801