NASA SBIR 2020-I Solicitation

Proposal Summary


PROPOSAL NUMBER:
 20-1- H4.01-5668
SUBTOPIC TITLE:
 Exploration Portable Life Support System Component Challenges
PROPOSAL TITLE:
 Advanced Multipollutant Trace Contaminant Sorbents for the Exploration Portable Life Support System
SMALL BUSINESS CONCERN (Firm Name, Mail Address, City/State/Zip, Phone)
Advanced Fuel Research, Inc.
87 Church Street
East Hartford, CT 06108
(860) 528-9806

Principal Investigator (Name, E-mail, Mail Address, City/State/Zip, Phone)

Name:
Marek Wojtowicz
E-mail:
marek@AFRinc.com
Address:
87 Church Street East Hartford, CT 06108 - 3720
Phone:
(860) 528-9806

Business Official (Name, E-mail, Mail Address, City/State/Zip, Phone)

Name:
Dr. Michael Serio
E-mail:
mserio@AFRinc.com
Address:
87 Church Street East Hartford, CT 06108 - 3720
Phone:
(860) 528-9806
Estimated Technology Readiness Level (TRL) :
Begin: 2
End: 4
Technical Abstract (Limit 2000 characters, approximately 200 words)

This proposal addresses the fabrication and testing of structured (monolithic), carbon-based multipollutant trace-contaminant (TC) sorbents for the space suit used in Extravehicular Activities (EVAs). The proposed innovations are: (1) multipollutant trace-contaminant control; (2) thin-walled, structured carbon TC sorbents fabricated using three-dimensional (3D) printing; and (3) the patented low-temperature oxidation step used for the treatment of carbon sorbents. The overall objective is to develop a multipollutant trace-contaminant removal system that is rapidly vacuum-regenerable and that possesses substantial weight, size, and power-requirement advantages with respect to the current state of the art. The Phase 1 objectives are: (1) to demonstrate the effectiveness of monolithic carbon sorbents with respect to ammonia and formaldehyde removal at concentrations much lower than currently demonstrated and tested, i.e. << 20 ppm ammonia and << 3 ppm formaldehyde; (the proposed target is the 7-day Spacecraft Maximum Allowable Concentrations, SMAC); (2) to evaluate the monolithic carbon sorbents with respect to multipollutant TC control, including carbon monoxide and methyl mercaptan; to define a path to sorbent improvements, if needed; and (3) to deliver a sorbent prototype to NASA for further sub-scale testing. This will be accomplished in three tasks: (1) Sorbent Fabrication and Characterization; (2) Sorbent Testing; and (3) Product Assessment.

Potential NASA Applications (Limit 1500 characters, approximately 150 words)

The main application of the proposed technology would be in spacecraft life-support systems, mainly in extravehicular activities (space suit), but after modifications also in cabin-air revitalization.

Potential Non-NASA Applications (Limit 1500 characters, approximately 150 words)

The developed technology may find applications in air-revitalization on board US Navy submarines, in commercial and military aircraft, in the future air-conditioning systems for green buildings, and in advanced scuba-diving systems.

Duration: 6

Form Generated on 06/29/2020 21:03:03