NASA SBIR 2019-I Solicitation

Proposal Summary

 19-1- A3.01-3035
 Advanced Air Traffic Management System Concepts
 Contingency Planning for TFM Decision Support
SMALL BUSINESS CONCERN (Firm Name, Mail Address, City/State/Zip, Phone)
Mosaic ATM, Inc.
540 Fort Evans Road Northeast, Suite 300
Leesburg, VA 20176- 3379
(800) 405-8576

Principal Investigator (Name, E-mail, Mail Address, City/State/Zip, Phone)

Chris Brinton
540 Fort Evans Road, Suite 300 Leesburg, VA 20176 - 4098
(703) 980-3961

Business Official (Name, E-mail, Mail Address, City/State/Zip, Phone)

Chris Stevenson
540 Fort Evans Road NE, Suite 300 Leesburg, VA 20176 - 3379
(540) 454-7458
Estimated Technology Readiness Level (TRL) :
Begin: 2
End: 3
Technical Abstract (Limit 2000 characters, approximately 200 words)

As the National Airspace System (NAS) evolves into a more automated system, it will be essential that human operators can effectively team with their automated Decision Support Systems (DSS) to manage the performance of the system. When automated systems recommend courses of action, the human operator must understand the operational recommendations with sufficient depth and clarity to evaluate their appropriateness and monitor the performance of the system. In this proposed effort, we will conduct specific research in human-autonomy teaming in the context of Traffic Flow Management (TFM) DSSs.

In this proposed research effort, Mosaic ATM will address this underlying cause of the lack of trust on the part of the human specialist in ATM DSSs by developing the ability for ATM DSSs to explicitly identify backup plans associated with the primary recommended course of action. By providing an explicit backup plan, the ATM DSS will better align with the human’s approach to the operational situation and will be more transparent in its function. The human user will gain trust in the automation by seeing deeper into the DSS’s evaluation process, knowing that the automation has a backup plan at the ready in case its primary recommendation evolves into an unsatisfactory state.

In this research, we will address the deep and fascinating algorithmic and human factors research topics to align ATM DSS information displays and even their ‘way of thinking’ with the human TFM specialist. Algorithmically, we will study how to define the backup plans and associate a plan B with a plan A. How do we compute the amount of time that is available for switching to the backup plan? From the human factors perspective, how do we convey the information to the TMC so that the recommendations are trusted and accepted?

Potential NASA Applications (Limit 1500 characters, approximately 150 words)
  • The success of NASA’s ATM research is dependent on acceptance by FAA operational specialists
  • The FAA operational specialists must trust and use the recommendations provided by DSSs
  • Additional improvements in human-computer interaction, collaboration, and trust in automation are needed
  • This research may also be applicable to other NASA research areas involving DSSs and advanced computer-human interaction, such as Unmanned Aircraft Systems, Space Mission Operations, and other areas
Potential Non-NASA Applications (Limit 1500 characters, approximately 150 words)

-The primary non-NASA commercialization avenue for the proposed concept is transition into operation and use by the FAA

  • -Industries and applications that involve the use of computers in support of critical human decision-making would benefit from advanced human-computer interaction, such as:
    -Military, emergency response, healthcare, nuclear/power plant operations, and transportation and logistics
Duration: 6

Form Generated on 06/16/2019 23:31:24