NASA STTR 2018-I Solicitation

Proposal Summary

 18-1- T9.01-2162
 Lander Systems Technology
 Multiscale Eulerian-Lagrangian Spray Methodology Coupled with Flamelet Models for Liquid Rocket Engine Combustion
Name:   Streamline Numerics, Inc.
Name:   Mississippi State University
Street:  3221 North West 13th Street, Suite A
Street:  449 Hardy Rd, 129 Etheredge Hall
City:   Gainesville
City:   Mississippi State
State/Zip:  FL  32609-2189
State/Zip:   MS 39762 - 6156
Phone:  (352) 271-8841
Phone:   (662) 325-2346

Principal Investigator (Name, E-mail, Mail Address, City/State/Zip, Phone)
Dr. Siddharth Thakur
3221 North West 13th Street, Suite A Gainesville, FL 32609 - 2189
(352) 271-8841

Business Official (Name, E-mail, Mail Address, City/State/Zip, Phone)
Dr. Siddharth Thakur
3221 North West 13th Street, Suite A Gainesville, FL 32609 - 2189
(352) 271-8841
Estimated Technology Readiness Level (TRL) :
Begin: 3
End: 5
Technical Abstract

The innovation proposed here is a novel multi-scale coupling methodology implemented in the Loci-STREAM CFD code, for developing a high-fidelity, high-performance multiphase combustion modeling capability to enable accurate, fast and robust simulation of unsteady turbulent, reacting flows involving cryogenic propellants (such as LOX/Methane) in liquid rocket engines (LREs). During Phase 1 work, a complete Eulerian-Lagrangian spray modeling methodology will be developed. The key components of this methodology are: (a) Volume-of-Fluid (VOF) method for liquid jet core and primary atomization, (b) Transitional Breakup (TBU) model for treating large drops and ligaments resulting from primary atomization, (c) Secondary Breakup (SBU) models, (d) Lagrangian Particle Tracking Model (LPT) to track the dispersed droplets, and (e) Evaporation models. In Phase 2 work, this spray modeling methodology will be coupled to flamelet-based models in Loci-STREAM to yield a full spray combustion capability. The Transitional Breakup (TBU) model is a novel approach proposed in this project– it will allow a robust transfer of large drops from the VOF model to the LPT model. The key components of this TBU model are: (1) a cloud-of-parcels approach in which the large drops are extracted from the VOF model and injected into the LPT model as a cloud of Lagrangian parcels with a diameter equal to that of the large drop but a fractional number representing the part of the large drop that each parcel represents, and (2) a stochastic model which evaluates the probability of breakup and the size distribution of a large drop using Monte-Carlo methods. The proposed enhancements in Loci-STREAM are anticipated to yield higher fidelity and more reliable analytical/design capability relative to existing capability at NASA for turbulent reacting flows in LREs.

Potential NASA Applications
  1. Design and analysis of full rocket engine combustion simulations, of relevance to NASA. 
  2. High-fidelity simulations of upper-stage and in-space propulsion systems, particularly LOX/Methane propulsion engines for planetary lander systems.
  3. Improved understanding of ignition and combustion in LOX/Methane engines.
  4. Vital component in the design process, resulting in enhanced injector designs and reductions in cost during the development cycle of new lander systems.
Potential Non-NASA Applications
  1. Spray combustion methodology useful for variety of engineering applications.
  2. Fast and accurate simulation for reacting flows at private companies dealing with space propulsion engines, gas turbine engines, diesel engines, etc.
  3. For example, the Loci-STREAM code is being used at Aerojet Rocketdyne for gas-gas injector simulations; with the enhancements resulting from this project, the applicability of Loci-STREAM will be broadened to liquid propellant engines.

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