NASA SBIR 2017 Solicitation


PROPOSAL NUMBER: 17-2 Z3.01-8823
SUBTOPIC TITLE: In-Situ Sensing of Additive Manufacturing Processes for Safety-Critical Aerospace Applications
PROPOSAL TITLE: In-Line Inspection of Additive Manufactured Parts Using Laser Ultrasonics

SMALL BUSINESS CONCERN (Firm Name, Mail Address, City/State/Zip, Phone)
Intelligent Optical Systems, Inc.
2520 West 237th Street
Torrance, CA 90505 - 5217
(424) 263-6300

PRINCIPAL INVESTIGATOR/PROJECT MANAGER (Name, E-mail, Mail Address, City/State/Zip, Phone)
Dr. Marvin Klein
2520 West 237th Street
Torrance, CA 90505 - 5217
(424) 263-6361

CORPORATE/BUSINESS OFFICIAL (Name, E-mail, Mail Address, City/State/Zip, Phone)
Dr. Reuben Sandler
2520 W. 237th Street
Torrance, CA 90505 - 5217
(424) 263-6305

Estimated Technology Readiness Level (TRL) at beginning and end of contract:
Begin: 4
End: 6

Technology Available (TAV) Subtopics
In-Situ Sensing of Additive Manufacturing Processes for Safety-Critical Aerospace Applications is a Technology Available (TAV) subtopic that includes NASA Intellectual Property (IP). Do you plan to use the NASA IP under the award?

TECHNICAL ABSTRACT (Limit 2000 characters, approximately 200 words)

At present there are no reliable, cost-effective process control techniques to minimize defect production and for qualification of finished parts fabricated by additive manufacturing (AM). In our Phase I project we have demonstrated the feasibility of filling this gap by applying laser ultrasonic testing (LUT) for nondestructive evaluation of each AM deposited layer in real time as it is formed. This in-line inspection qualifies the part layer-by-layer, directs defect removal during the manufacturing process, and ensures qualified finished parts that require no further testing. In this proposed Phase II project we will team with a manufacturer of powder bed fusion AM machines to develop a three-step layer-by-layer inspection and validation system, consisting of: (1) optical profilometry for defect detection, (2) laser ablation to remove the defect indications and (3) LUT to validate the removal of the defects. The IOS technology development will include advanced signal processing and optimized beam parameters for optimized signal-to-noise, as well as integration of the controls with the AM machine controls. A preliminary and a full-scale prototype LUT system will be developed and tested on the manufacturer’s AM machine. At the beginning of the project we will be at TRL 4; at the end of the project we will be at TRL 6.

POTENTIAL NASA COMMERCIAL APPLICATIONS (Limit 1500 characters, approximately 150 words)
Additive manufacturing is finding broad applications by NASA and its contractors for the fabrication of high-value, safety-critical components. AM of components for rocket engines and spacecraft thrusters is particularly advanced. Within NASA, technology development and demonstration efforts for AM of metals are being conducted primarily at Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC), Langley Research Center (LaRC), and Glenn Research Center (GRC). As an example, MSFC is pursuing AM of critical engine components for future heavy-lift space launch systems. GRC is collaborating with Aerojet Rocketdyne to develop a liquid-oxygen/gaseous hydrogen rocket injector assembly built by additive manufacturing.
The inspection technology described in this proposal is aligned with the NASA Space Technology Roadmaps, and addresses needs described in the recent NASA memorandum "Nondestructive Evaluation of Additive Manufacturing."
NASA's commercial space partners are actively involved in projects to incorporate AM components into their launch and spacecraft systems. For example, the SuperDraco engines for the SpaceX Dragon V2 manned spacecraft have 3D-printed combustion chambers that enable the engines to produce 100 times the thrust than the Draco engines in current unmanned versions of the Dragon.
Eventual applications of AM will extend to production of replacement or repaired components in space.

POTENTIAL NON-NASA COMMERCIAL APPLICATIONS (Limit 1500 characters, approximately 150 words)
Additive manufacturing is valuable for producing parts that are difficult or expensive to produce by machining or forging. Aside from space, industries that are adopting additive manufacturing include military and commercial aviation, automotive, medical/dental, and consumer products. Aircraft engine suppliers have been investing heavily in capacity for AM parts manufacturing. Key high-value components such as injection nozzles are found multiple times in a turbine engine. The use of AM will reduce engine weight and cost. Components designed with complex cooling channels that were expensive or even impossible to make can now be produced by AM. For NASA and non-NASA use, the introduction of in-line, real-time laser ultrasonic testing to characterize 3D-printed parts supports Executive Order 13329, "Encouraging Innovation in Manufacturing."

TECHNOLOGY TAXONOMY MAPPING (NASA's technology taxonomy has been developed by the SBIR-STTR program to disseminate awareness of proposed and awarded R/R&D in the agency. It is a listing of over 100 technologies, sorted into broad categories, of interest to NASA.)
Interferometric (see also Analysis)
Lasers (Measuring/Sensing)
Nondestructive Evaluation (NDE; NDT)
Optical/Photonic (see also Photonics)
Process Monitoring & Control

Form Generated on 03-05-18 17:24