NASA SBIR 2017 Solicitation
FORM B - PROPOSAL SUMMARY
|PROPOSAL NUMBER:||171 A2.01-9077|
|SUBTOPIC TITLE:||Flight Test and Measurements Technologies|
|PROPOSAL TITLE:||In-Flight Measurements of Unsteady Pressure using Fast PSP|
SMALL BUSINESS CONCERN (Firm Name, Mail Address, City/State/Zip, Phone)
Innovative Scientific Solutions, Inc.
7610 McEwen Road
Dayton, OH 45459 - 3908
PRINCIPAL INVESTIGATOR/PROJECT MANAGER (Name, E-mail, Mail Address, City/State/Zip, Phone)
Dr Jim Crafton
7610 McEwen Road
Dayton, OH 45459 - 3908
(937) 630-3012 Extension :107
CORPORATE/BUSINESS OFFICIAL (Name, E-mail, Mail Address, City/State/Zip, Phone)
Dr Larry P Goss
7610 McEwen Road, Dayton OH 45459
Dayton, OH 45459 - 3908
(937) 620-3012 Extension :117
Estimated Technology Readiness Level (TRL) at beginning and end of contract:
Technology Available (TAV) Subtopics
Flight Test and Measurements Technologies is a Technology Available (TAV) subtopic that includes NASA Intellectual Property (IP). Do you plan to use the NASA IP under the award?
TECHNICAL ABSTRACT (Limit 2000 characters, approximately 200 words)
Flight research is a critical element for the validation of ground test measurements and the maturation of new technology. Experimental measurement systems that offer fast response, high accuracy and reliability, and require minimal modification of the flight vehicle are needed to conduct flight research more effectively. There have recently been significant advances in the use of one such technology, fast responding Pressure-Sensitive Paint. Fast PSP offers a means of acquiring unsteady pressure data at millions of locations on a model surface, a capability that has recently been demonstrated in large transonic wind tunnels such as AEDC 16T, the Ames 11-foot, and Langley 14X22. Demonstration of this measurement technique in flight testing is the goal of this proposal. Use of the fast PSP system in flight involves, applying a polymer paint to the region of interest, illuminating the paint with 400-nm lighting, and then imaging the paint with a fast framing camera. Each pixel on the camera acts as a pressure tap, and therefore, continuous distributions of the unsteady pressure on the painted surface are acquired. While optical access to the region of interest is required, there are key fluid structures on the top surface of a wing, such as shock boundary layer interactions and wing buffet, that are easily viewed from the passenger compartment of a plane. ISSI, in collaboration with Calspan, propose a demonstrating unsteady pressure measurements on a shock wave boundary layer interaction on the top surface of the Calspan Gulfstream G-III wing in-flight using fast PSP. By combining ISSI experience with fast PSP and Calspans existing flight test capability, a successful program is anticipated. During Phase II, we anticipate packaging the fast PSP system for deployment to the NASA flight test bed aircraft, specifically the SCRAT program, and repackaging the system for use in regions with limited optical access, such as the landing bay, to study cavity acoustics.
POTENTIAL NASA COMMERCIAL APPLICATIONS (Limit 1500 characters, approximately 150 words)
There is considerable interest in measurements of unsteady pressure for the study of shock wave boundary layer interactions, flow control, landing bay acoustics, and wing buffet. The proposed fast PSP system would give NASA and their test bed aircraft programs the ability to acquire continues distributions of unsteady pressure in flight using a sensor that can be sprayed onto a model and interrogated optically. This measurement capability is of interest to NASA programs such as the Subsonic Fixed Wing and Environmentally Responsible Aviation programs. SBLI impacts aircraft performance at transonic Mach numbers as the shock induced flow separation can cause buffeting and large-scale lift oscillations that can limit an aircraft's flight envelope. Landing bay acoustics are a significant source of aviation noise and flow control concepts are needed for noise reduction and drag reduction. Each of these applications would benefit from the proposed sensor. The Phase I system would establish the technical capability of the fast PSP system and provide data on the top surface of wings and flaps. The Phase II system would be packaged so that it could be integrated into a region such as the landing bay, and allow regions without optical access to be interrogated. The proposed fast PSP system would improve flight test utilization by allowing the flight test vehicle to be instrumented with unprecedented spatial resolution, and do so without physical modifications to the vehicle.
POTENTIAL NON-NASA COMMERCIAL APPLICATIONS (Limit 1500 characters, approximately 150 words)
There is considerable interest in measurements of unsteady pressure for the study of fluid flows such as shock wave boundary layer interactions, flow control, landing bay acoustics, wing buffet, and supersonic inlets. Interest in unsteady pressure measurements in flight spans academic, commercial, and military research. Companies that offer flight testing services, such as Calspan, as well as several commercial aircraft companies such as Cessna, Hawker, and Embraer, have expressed interest in the proposed in-flight fast PSP measurement technology. The proposed fast PSP system would improve flight test utilization by allowing the flight test vehicle to be instrumented with unprecedented spatial resolution, and do so without physical modifications to the vehicle. Evolution of the system into a smaller package that could be mounted on inaccessible regions of the flight test vehicle such as the weapons bay will occur naturally as fast camera imaging technology evolves. This will further extend the commercialization of the technology. This system would enable the investigation of fluid flows at flight conditions, data that will advance the accuracy of numerical models and yield insight into evolving flow control concepts. Furthermore, the demonstration of a productive and validated fast PSP system for flight testing would provide a marketing tool for commercialization of the measurement technology.
TECHNOLOGY TAXONOMY MAPPING (NASA's technology taxonomy has been developed by the SBIR-STTR program to disseminate awareness of proposed and awarded R/R&D in the agency. It is a listing of over 100 technologies, sorted into broad categories, of interest to NASA.)
Nondestructive Evaluation (NDE; NDT)
Optical/Photonic (see also Photonics)