NASA SBIR 2016 Solicitation

FORM B - PROPOSAL SUMMARY


PROPOSAL NUMBER: 16-1 S3.08-7829
SUBTOPIC TITLE: Slow and Fast Light
PROPOSAL TITLE: Fast-Light Enhanced Fiber Gyroscope

SMALL BUSINESS CONCERN (Firm Name, Mail Address, City/State/Zip, Phone)
MagiQ Technologies, Inc.
11 Ward Street
Somerville, MA 02143 - 4214
(617) 661-8300

PRINCIPAL INVESTIGATOR/PROJECT MANAGER (Name, E-mail, Mail Address, City/State/Zip, Phone)
Dr. Caleb Christensen
caleb.christensen@magiqtech.com
11 Ward Street
Somerville, MA 02143 - 4214
(617) 661-8300

CORPORATE/BUSINESS OFFICIAL (Name, E-mail, Mail Address, City/State/Zip, Phone)
Dr. Caleb Christensen
caleb.christensen@magiqtech.com
11 Ward Street
Somerville, MA 02143 - 4214
(617) 661-8300

Estimated Technology Readiness Level (TRL) at beginning and end of contract:
Begin: 3
End: 5

Technology Available (TAV) Subtopics
Slow and Fast Light is a Technology Available (TAV) subtopic that includes NASA Intellectual Property (IP). Do you plan to use the NASA IP under the award?
No

TECHNICAL ABSTRACT (Limit 2000 characters, approximately 200 words)
Current state-of-the-art navigation systems incorporate optical gyroscopes and optical accelerometers as inertial sensors. These devices contain no moving parts and can sense rotations and accelerations with high bandwidth. However, there is a fundamental tradeoff between the size of an optical gyroscope and its sensitivity. Highly sensitive gyroscopes are needed to meet navigation goals, but Size, Weight and Power (SWaP) are extremely precious resources in spacecraft or UAVs. Enhancing the sensitivity of existing devices, reducing their size, or both can allow the use of inertial navigation in smaller airframes, or free up room to include larger mission payloads for scientific or military purposes.
Using fast-light effects generated in fiber with Stimulated Brillouin Scattering, we will enhance rotation sensitivity of conventional Ring Laser Gyroscope, to develop IMUs that will deliver higher performance and/or lower SWaP than a traditional navigation system. Previous results have shown sufficient fast-light effects with COTS components to demonstrate the technology, while numerical analysis indicates that a gyro could provide rotation sensitivities as low as 10-8 rotations/second. In the proposed Phase I work, we will demonstrate fast-light enhancement of an RLG in the lab for the first time and analyze factors affecting the performance and stability of the system in order to verify specs and design a prototype for construction in Phase II.

POTENTIAL NASA COMMERCIAL APPLICATIONS (Limit 1500 characters, approximately 150 words)
The improvement of inertial sensor components is essential to support navigation and attitude control systems for future NASA satellite missions. The proposed technology will have significantly reduced size and weight with ruggedized components designed to meet stringent dynamic, mechanical, thermal and radiation specifications for operation in space. A robust, high performance, and cost effective gyroscope suitable for space based operations will also have significant impact on demanding NASA applications that require stabilized platforms for long term space applications in smaller and smaller satellites. In particular, the technology can allow:
Tracking and control of launch vehicles for placing payloads into orbital or sub-orbital trajectories.
Precision inertial feedback during orbital maneuvers or stationkeeping operations on manned or unmanned spacecraft.
Actively stabilize instrument platforms during sensitive astronomical observations or scientific measurements.

POTENTIAL NON-NASA COMMERCIAL APPLICATIONS (Limit 1500 characters, approximately 150 words)
Self-guided ordinance and unmanned aerial vehicles, where traditional high sensitivity optical INS systems are too large to use.
Stabilizing weapons platforms or communications devices mounted on ground and naval vehicles of all sizes.
Commercial aircraft and marine vessels commonly use optical inertial measurement devices for navigation, stabilization, and tracking.
Accurate navigation and gyrocompasses in a small form factor in the oil and gas industry for well-drilling.

TECHNOLOGY TAXONOMY MAPPING (NASA's technology taxonomy has been developed by the SBIR-STTR program to disseminate awareness of proposed and awarded R/R&D in the agency. It is a listing of over 100 technologies, sorted into broad categories, of interest to NASA.)
Attitude Determination & Control
Autonomous Control (see also Control & Monitoring)
Avionics (see also Control and Monitoring)
Fiber (see also Communications, Networking & Signal Transport; Photonics)
Inertial
Inertial (see also Sensors)
Interferometric (see also Analysis)
Lasers (Guidance & Tracking)
Lasers (Measuring/Sensing)
Navigation & Guidance

Form Generated on 04-26-16 15:14