NASA SBIR 2016 Solicitation


PROPOSAL NUMBER: 16-1 S1.08-7939
SUBTOPIC TITLE: Surface & Sub-surface Measurement Systems
PROPOSAL TITLE: Real-Time Monitor of Clumped CO2 Isotope in Ambient Air

SMALL BUSINESS CONCERN (Firm Name, Mail Address, City/State/Zip, Phone)
Aerodyne Research, Inc.
45 Manning Road
Billerica, MA 01821 - 3976
(978) 663-9500

PRINCIPAL INVESTIGATOR/PROJECT MANAGER (Name, E-mail, Mail Address, City/State/Zip, Phone)
Dr. David D Nelson Jr.
45 Manning Road
Billerica, MA 01821 - 3976
(978) 663-9500 Extension :231

CORPORATE/BUSINESS OFFICIAL (Name, E-mail, Mail Address, City/State/Zip, Phone)
Dr. David D Nelson Jr.
45 Manning Road
Billerica, MA 01821 - 3976
(978) 663-9500 Extension :231

Estimated Technology Readiness Level (TRL) at beginning and end of contract:
Begin: 3
End: 4

Technology Available (TAV) Subtopics
Surface & Sub-surface Measurement Systems is a Technology Available (TAV) subtopic that includes NASA Intellectual Property (IP). Do you plan to use the NASA IP under the award?

TECHNICAL ABSTRACT (Limit 2000 characters, approximately 200 words)
Greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions are the primary drivers of global climate change and hence there is a crucial need to quantify their sources and sinks. A powerful technique to help constrain source and sink strengths in GHG exchange processes is the analysis of the relative proportions of isotopic variants of GHG's. In this proposal, we focus on the most important GHG: carbon dioxide. The standard isotopes of carbon dioxide (13C-CO2 and 18O-CO2) are already being measured on a global scale (for example by NOAA and INSTAAR within the Global Greenhouse Gas Reference Network). We propose to demonstrate and commercialize new isotopic measurement capabilities for more exotic isotopes of carbon dioxide that are difficult to measure with existing techniques. Specifically, we propose using Tunable Infrared Laser Direct Absorption Spectroscopy (TILDAS) to measure the primary clumped isotope of CO2 (Δ13C18O16O) and to simultaneously measure the mass independent 17O content (Δ17O). The proposed instrument will directly measure atmospheric samples with no need for chemical separation and will report isotopic ratios with 0.02 per mil repeatability and with time resolution of 2 to 3 minutes. The instrument will be sufficiently compact to be field or flight deployable thus providing the possibility of continuous high accuracy measurements of Δ13C18O16O and Δ17O rather than occasional flask samples.

POTENTIAL NASA COMMERCIAL APPLICATIONS (Limit 1500 characters, approximately 150 words)
This technology will be complementary to and supportive of NASA's substantial effort to provide global monitoring of carbon dioxide (OCO-2, ASCENDS, etc). The powerful constraints provided by isotopic measurements of carbon dioxide can help achieve the stated goals of the ASCENDS mission, namely to provide improved ability to predict/model long-term changes in the climate cycle based both on the understanding of the natural processes driving the variability of natural carbon sources and sinks, and on the transport of carbon through the atmosphere. In addition, NASA plays a leading part in the U.S. Global Change Research Program (USGCRP). USGCRP has a pivotal role in implementing President Obama's Climate Action Plan, including the responsibility to grow the knowledge base needed to respond to a changing climate and a transforming world. The technology being developed in the proposed project will provide a crucial new tool to quantify the sources and sinks of carbon dioxide.

POTENTIAL NON-NASA COMMERCIAL APPLICATIONS (Limit 1500 characters, approximately 150 words)
In addition to being an important research tool, this laser isotope monitor will be helpful to climate treaty verification and to the enforcement and verification of carbon cap and trade systems. For example, the climate agreements that were negotiated at the recent COP 21 meeting in Paris require that nearly every country will need to begin assembling detailed inventories of their greenhouse-gas emissions. Creating verifiable carbon dioxide budgets on this scale will require extensive and sophisticated carbon dioxide measurements systems and isotopic constraints will be extremely useful if not essential. The market for monitoring carbon dioxide is already large and will grow dramatically in coming years as the world begins to truly grapple with challenge of climate change. Isotopic measurements of carbon dioxide are certain play a significant role.

TECHNOLOGY TAXONOMY MAPPING (NASA's technology taxonomy has been developed by the SBIR-STTR program to disseminate awareness of proposed and awarded R/R&D in the agency. It is a listing of over 100 technologies, sorted into broad categories, of interest to NASA.)
Analytical Instruments (Solid, Liquid, Gas, Plasma, Energy; see also Sensors)
Chemical/Environmental (see also Biological Health/Life Support)
Lasers (Measuring/Sensing)

Form Generated on 04-26-16 15:14