NASA SBIR 2016 Solicitation


PROPOSAL NUMBER: 16-1 A1.07-8448
SUBTOPIC TITLE: Propulsion Efficiency - Turbomachinery Technology for Reduced Fuel Burn
PROPOSAL TITLE: Design Concepts for Low Aspect Ratio High Pressure Turbines for High Bypass Ratio Turbofans

SMALL BUSINESS CONCERN (Firm Name, Mail Address, City/State/Zip, Phone)
N&R Engineering
6659 Pearl Road, #201
Parma Heights, OH 44130 - 3821
(440) 845-7020

PRINCIPAL INVESTIGATOR/PROJECT MANAGER (Name, E-mail, Mail Address, City/State/Zip, Phone)
Mr. Robert J Boyle
6659 Pearl Road #201
Parma Heights, OH 44130 - 3821
(440) 845-7020

CORPORATE/BUSINESS OFFICIAL (Name, E-mail, Mail Address, City/State/Zip, Phone)
Dr. Vinod Nagpal
6659 Pearl Road, #201
Parma Heights, OH 44130 - 3821
(440) 845-7020

Estimated Technology Readiness Level (TRL) at beginning and end of contract:
Begin: 3
End: 4

Technology Available (TAV) Subtopics
Propulsion Efficiency - Turbomachinery Technology for Reduced Fuel Burn is a Technology Available (TAV) subtopic that includes NASA Intellectual Property (IP). Do you plan to use the NASA IP under the award?

TECHNICAL ABSTRACT (Limit 2000 characters, approximately 200 words)
The proposal is to identify cycle improvements and verify structural feasibility of shrouding a low aspect ratio High Pressure Turbine(HPT) rotor designed to use ceramic blades. When the clearance-to-span ratio between the rotating blades and the stationary casing is the same as the clearance-to-span ratio between the rotating shroud and the stationary casing, stage efficiency improves. However, shrouding rotor blades increases centrifugal stresses, and metallic HPT rotor blades are typically unshrouded in order to maximize stage output. Ceramic Matrix Composite(CMC) blades weigh much less than metallic blades. Shrouded CMC blades have lower centrifugal stresses than unshrouded metallic blades. The fuel burn reduction from an increase in stage efficiency due to shrouded HPT blades will be determined. The fuel burn reduction due to the higher temperature capability of CMC blades will also be determined. Cycle efficiency improvements from shrouding HPT rotor blades will increase for future engines. The HPT blade aspect ratio will decrease as engine Overall Pressure Ratio(OPR) increases. Future HPT blade aspect ratios may be less than half of current aspect ratios. While the absolute clearance may decrease in future engines, the relative clearance is likely to increase. Aerothermal analyses will determine the improvement in fuel burn from shrouding cooled HPT rotor blades. Structural analyses will determine stresses for unshrouded metallic and CMC rotor blades, and for shrouded CMC blades.

POTENTIAL NASA COMMERCIAL APPLICATIONS (Limit 1500 characters, approximately 150 words)
The proposed work advances the NASA Aeronautics program goal of reduced fuel burn by increasing aerodynamic efficiency due to shrouding HPT rotor blades. Reducing fuel burn, and the consequent reduction of CO2 emissions, is a goal of the Environmentally Responsible Aviation(ERA) component of the NASA Aeronautics program. The feasibility of shrouding HPT rotor blades is advanced by using Ceramic Matrix Composite(CMC) materials due to their lower density compared to conventional metallic materials. The structural analysis of CMC blades and shrouds differs from the analysis of conventional HPT materials because of the directionally dependent properties of CMC materials. CMC have a wide range of applications in gas turbines. N&R Engineering will provide NASA with analysis and design expertise for CMC components. The analysis of the benefits of to fuel burn reduction from improvements in component efficiency and/or reduced coolant requirements is an additional capability for commercialization.

POTENTIAL NON-NASA COMMERCIAL APPLICATIONS (Limit 1500 characters, approximately 150 words)
All gas turbine engines are expected to have reduced HPT blade aspect ratios because higher specific work is a consequence of higher efficiency. Military engines with the higher thrust-to-weight requirement have an additional incentive to reduce blade aspect ratio. Ground power gas turbines also have a strong incentive to improve HPT efficiency. Increasing rotor blade aerodynamic efficiency and increasing temperature capability is a route to reducing fuel consumption. N&R Engineering will offer design and analysis capability for CMC and conventional materials to gas turbine manufacturers and customers. Shrouded CMC blades may be costly to fabricate, and manufacturers may offer shrouded blades as an option.

TECHNOLOGY TAXONOMY MAPPING (NASA's technology taxonomy has been developed by the SBIR-STTR program to disseminate awareness of proposed and awarded R/R&D in the agency. It is a listing of over 100 technologies, sorted into broad categories, of interest to NASA.)
Atmospheric Propulsion
Passive Systems
Software Tools (Analysis, Design)

Form Generated on 04-26-16 15:14