NASA STTR 2009 Solicitation


PROPOSAL NUMBER: 09-1 T3.01-9864
RESEARCH SUBTOPIC TITLE: Technologies for Space Power and Propulsion
PROPOSAL TITLE: Biotemplated Nano-structured Materials for Advanced Li-ion Batteries

NAME: CFX Battery, Inc NAME: Georgia Institute of Technology
STREET: 1300 W Optical Drive, Suite 300 STREET: 505 10th Street, NW
CITY: Azusa CITY: Atlanta
STATE/ZIP: CA  91702 - 3251 STATE/ZIP: GA  30332 - 0420
PHONE: (626) 610-0660 PHONE: (404) 894-6929

PRINCIPAL INVESTIGATOR/PROJECT MANAGER (Name, E-mail, Mail Address, City/State/Zip, Phone)
Simon Jones

Estimated Technology Readiness Level (TRL) at beginning and end of contract:
Begin: 0
End: 3

TECHNICAL ABSTRACT (Limit 2000 characters, approximately 200 words)
NASA has identified a critical need for pioneering advances in battery technology to give high performance, low-weight, durable and long-life power sources for future missions. In this Phase I proposal, CFX Battery, Inc. and Georgia Institute of Technology propose the chemical conversion of micron-sized, nano-structured templates available from renewable resources into functional electrode materials. In nature, diatom species form complex cell wall structures made of silica through biological self-assembly. We will take advantage of these intricate structures to generate hierarchically-ordered functional nanocrystalline oxide architectures, and investigate the application of these materials in electrochemical devices. We intend to establish that electrodes fabricated from these nanostructures are innovative materials that display improved electrochemical performance compared to traditional electrodes. This will enable us to address the significant increases in energy capacity, power capability and cycling stability necessary to meet the NASA requirements for advanced Li-ion battery technology. Our manufacturing strategy is conceptually-straightforward, rapid, scalable and amenable to commercialization.

POTENTIAL NASA COMMERCIAL APPLICATIONS (Limit 1500 characters, approximately 150 words)
NASA is interested in innovative rechargeable cell chemistries and advanced electrode materials that will enhance the performance of high-power/high-rate cells in advanced battery systems for use in Exploration Mission applications, including power for Landers, Rovers, and extravehicular activities. The successful application (over the lifetime of both Phase I and Phase II proposals) of biotemplated nanostructured materials in electrochemical cells will provide aggressive performance improvements beyond current state-of the-art lithium-ion systems by achieving the following goals: (i) Specific energy (cell level)> 300 Wh/kg at C/2, (ii) Energy density (cell level)> 600 Wh/l at C/2, and (iii) Calendar life >5 years and cycle life of 500 cycles at 100% depth of discharge for use in future NASA missions.

POTENTIAL NON-NASA COMMERCIAL APPLICATIONS (Limit 1500 characters, approximately 150 words)
Rechargeable batteries continue to represent a strong growth market, with worldwide sales of $36 billion in 2008 anticipated to expand to $51 billion by 2013. This decade has already witnessed a transition in hybrid electric vehicle (HEV) technology. At present, Ni-MH batteries are used in HEVs, although it is expected that lithium-ion batteries will be implemented in HEVs by 2010 as demand increases. Rechargeable batteries will continue to be the energy storage system of choice for portable electronics and power tools for the next five years, as well expanding into new markets in motor vehicles and large scale renewable energy systems. Regardless of application, energy and power density and lifetime drive rechargeable battery research, and high-performance Li-ion batteries based on the nanostructured materials proposed here will be well-positioned to compete aggressively in all of these markets.

NASA's technology taxonomy has been developed by the SBIR-STTR program to disseminate awareness of proposed and awarded R/R&D in the agency. It is a listing of over 100 technologies, sorted into broad categories, of interest to NASA.

Energy Storage

Form Generated on 09-18-09 10:14