NASA SBIR 2009 Solicitation


PROPOSAL NUMBER: 09-2 X10.01-8831
SUBTOPIC TITLE: Cryogenic and Non-Toxic Storable Propellant Space Engines
PROPOSAL TITLE: Carbon-Carbon High Melt Coating for Nozzle Extensions

SMALL BUSINESS CONCERN (Firm Name, Mail Address, City/State/Zip, Phone)
Carbon-Carbon Advanced Technologies, Inc.
4704 Eden Road
Kennedale, TX 76060 - 6800
(817) 985-2500

PRINCIPAL INVESTIGATOR/PROJECT MANAGER (Name, E-mail, Mail Address, City/State/Zip, Phone)
James Thompson
4704 Eden Road
Kennedale, TX 76060 - 6800
(817) 985-2500

Estimated Technology Readiness Level (TRL) at beginning and end of contract:
Begin: 3
End: 6

TECHNICAL ABSTRACT (Limit 2000 characters, approximately 200 words)
The High Melt Coating system is applied to a carbon-carbon structure and embeds HfC, ZrB2 in the outer layers. ACC High Melt builds on the time tested base material system of T-300 fibers, impregnated with phenolic resin, pyrolyzed, densified, and SiC Conversion coated

For Phase 2, C-CAT proposes to team with Pratt and Whitney Rocketdyne to fully develop High Melt into a material system that when combined with the appropriate design will produce nozzle extensions for future NASA spacecraft. PWR will supply the designs for a notional nozzle extension for a 2000 lbf LOX/LCH4 lunar descent engine and a nozzle extension for a notional lunar ascent engine sized at 5500 lbf LOX/LCH4.


C-CAT engineering will work with PWR designers to insure that the nozzle extension design for each prototype is both manufacturable and will meet the technical requirements.

C-CAT engineering will design and C-CAT will fabricate lay-up tools that will take into account ply shrinkage distortion and still maintain dimensional tolerances during processing.

Lay-up the nozzle extensions without defects

Process each nozzle extension through pyrolysis, heat treatment and coating without defects.

Apply SiC Conversion Coating to the ACC High Melt material without spalling.

POTENTIAL NASA COMMERCIAL APPLICATIONS (Limit 1500 characters, approximately 150 words)
There are a variety of NASA programmatic needs for advanced combustion devices, notably nozzle extensions for upper and exo-atmospheric operation that benefit from the unique materials properties offered by the ACC High Melt material system. A partial list of NASA programs that would derive benefit are robotic lunar or Mars missions like Project M, human lunar ascent, and J-2X.
Additionally, ACC High Melt is a material system that can be used as a structural, re-usable TPS system for future spacecraft. The continued development of this material for nozzle extensions will lead to a more in depth understanding of the manufacturability and structural properties that can be applied to the TPS designs of future spacecraft.

POTENTIAL NON-NASA COMMERCIAL APPLICATIONS (Limit 1500 characters, approximately 150 words)
Pratt & Whitney Rocketdyne is currently developing an 800 lbf LOX/LCH4 upper stage engine for commercial nanosatellite launch capability. The nozzle extension has an inlet plane diameter of 8", an exit plane diameter of 10.5", and an axial length of 11",. The propulsion system is optimized for cost and weight, with the carbon-carbon nozzle extension offering a significant weight and schedule savings versus traditional, thin-wall metallic designs. The fabrication of the design is rather simple and was focused on lightweight attachment mechanisms that were readily producible, in this case, direct bolting into a single-use ablative thrust chamber. As with other upper stage or exoatmospheric engines, the nozzle extension was designed to run in a radiation-cooled mode only, thereby benefiting directly from the superb operating temperatures offered by carbon-carbon.

Additional benefits of a successful Phase 2 SBIR will be to demonstrate scale-up of ACC High Melt for non-engine applications. These applications include structural TPS for aircraft that require multiple uses at temperatures in excess of 2800oF. This need exists at both NASA and the Department of Defense for hypersonic space plane applications

TECHNOLOGY TAXONOMY MAPPING (NASA's technology taxonomy has been developed by the SBIR-STTR program to disseminate awareness of proposed and awarded R/R&D in the agency. It is a listing of over 100 technologies, sorted into broad categories, of interest to NASA.)
Launch and Flight Vehicle

Form Generated on 08-06-10 17:29