NASA SBIR 2008 Solicitation

FORM B - PROPOSAL SUMMARY


PROPOSAL NUMBER: 08-1 X2.01-9303
SUBTOPIC TITLE: Spacecraft Cabin Ventilation and Thermal Control
PROPOSAL TITLE: SCALING OF TWO-PHASE SYSTEMS ACROSS GRAVITY LEVELS

SMALL BUSINESS CONCERN (Firm Name, Mail Address, City/State/Zip, Phone)
Energy Research, Inc.
P.O. Box 2034
Rockville, MD 20847 - 2034
(301) 881-0866

PRINCIPAL INVESTIGATOR/PROJECT MANAGER (Name, E-mail, Mail Address, City/State/Zip, Phone)
Shilp Vasavada
sxv@eri-world.com
P.O. Box 2034
Rockville, MD 20847 - 2034
(301) 881-0866

Expected Technology Readiness Level (TRL) upon completion of contract: 3

TECHNICAL ABSTRACT (Limit 2000 characters, approximately 200 words)
There is a defined need for long term earth based testing for the development and deployment of two-phase flow systems in reduced-gravity, including lunar gravity, conditions. The proposed study intends to develop a scaling methodology to meet this requirement. A hierarchical two-tiered scaling approach will be used to obtain scaling relations for an entire system (integral scale), individual components of the system and local phenomena. The final product of the Phase I effort will be a rigorous scaling methodology along with important non-dimensional numbers which can be used for developing earth-based systems to study reduced-gravity two-phase systems and/or phenomena. The feasibility of the approach will be demonstrated in Phase I by using data available in literature that has been acquired in reduced-gravity as well as earth based conditions. As part of Phase II a scaled experimental facility will be designed and confirmatory experiments performed.

POTENTIAL NASA COMMERCIAL APPLICATIONS (Limit 1500 characters, approximately 150 words)
NASA requires significant advances in the areas of two-phase flow and heat transfer which are essential for thermal management and advanced life support systems for future missions (manned and unmanned) and the establishment of a lunar base. However, uncertainties prevail in the understanding of the operation and behavior of such systems due to the lack of data and limitations of performing experiments. The results of this project will significantly aid and speed up the design, testing and deployment of thermal management systems for heat removal from components and for advanced life support.

POTENTIAL NON-NASA COMMERCIAL APPLICATIONS (Limit 1500 characters, approximately 150 words)
The development of the scaling methodology will benefit the experimental design and operation of facilities. The chemical industry where liquid-liquid flows involving small density differences exist which are similar to reduced-gravity conditions due to the reduction in buoyancy can use the scaling methodology applied as part of the proposal to scale experimental facilities. The rapidly growing biomedical field is a prime example where such a method can be applied since multiple scales and different processes exist in any biological system of interest.

NASA's technology taxonomy has been developed by the SBIR-STTR program to disseminate awareness of proposed and awarded R/R&D in the agency. It is a listing of over 100 technologies, sorted into broad categories, of interest to NASA.

TECHNOLOGY TAXONOMY MAPPING
Biophysical Utilization
Cooling
Microgravity
Testing Requirements and Architectures


Form Generated on 11-24-08 11:56