NASA SBIR 2004 Solicitation


SUBTOPIC TITLE:Crew Systems Technologies for Improved Aviation Safety
PROPOSAL TITLE:Distributed Command/Control Impacts on NAS Operations

SMALL BUSINESS CONCERN (Firm Name, Mail Address, City/State/Zip, Phone)
Metron Aviation, Inc.
131 Elden Street, Suite 200
Herndon ,VA 20170 - 4758
(703) 456 - 0123

PRINCIPAL INVESTIGATOR/PROJECT MANAGER (Name, E-mail, Mail Address, City/State/Zip, Phone)
Terry   Thompson
131 Elden Street, Suite 200
Herndon, VA  20170 -4758
(703) 456 - 0123

TECHNICAL ABSTRACT (Limit 2000 characters, approximately 200 words)
In an effort to cope with air traffic demand growths and changing demand patterns, FAA, NASA, and industry have developed a number of simulation tools to model future concepts of air traffic management. Among these is the Systems Analysis Branch (SAB) simulation environment of NASA Langley. The current tools would greatly benefit from the portrayal of the daily preemptive Command and Control (C&C) activities performed by FAA and air carrier traffic managers. These actions significantly influence daily operations and overall NAS efficiency. Development of new operational concepts and evaluation of proposed changes requires simulation and modeling capabilities that include C&C effects. This understanding is crucial for the evaluation of current or proposed operations. Metron Aviation uses its extensive experience with and research of C&C to implement a model of NAS-wide ATM (C&C) actions and to integrate the resulting module into NASA Langley's SAB simulation environment. The final product adds realism to future aircraft movement simulations performed by NASA Langley and admits exploration of new concepts that involve air traffic flow management.

POTENTIAL NASA COMMERCIAL APPLICATIONS (Limit 1500 characters, approximately 150 words)
Understanding of the system-wide impacts of NAS C&C is lacking in both operational practice and current research. This understanding is crucial for the evaluation of current or proposed operations. Currently, NASA programs such as Next-Generation Air Transportation System (NGATS/JPDO), Small Aircraft Transportation Systems (SATS), Revolutionary Aerospace Systems Concepts, Virtual Airspace Modeling and Simulation (VAMS), and All-weather Capacity Enhancement NASA Research Announcement (NRA) are developing system concepts to meet increasing air traffic demand, reduce delays, and improve safety/security. Realistic NAS-wide simulations, including C&C, are required to assess emerging operational concepts and technologies, since they all assume some component of human-mediated C&C. Omitting this from the simulations risks missing important system behaviors that must be included in the development of the operational concepts and technologies.

POTENTIAL NON-NASA COMMERCIAL APPLICATIONS (Limit 1500 characters, approximately 150 words)
Estimates of ATM costs due to delays range from hundreds of millions to billions of dollars per year. Several research activities being pursued to meet the increasing demands in air travel promise to be costly and laborious to implement, and the difficulty of adequately assessing the anticipated impacts creates significant risk for operators and users of the NAS. Development of simulation capabilities and benefit assessment methods that include the effects of C&C creates significant commercial demand for accurate and robust C&C modeling capabilities.

Form Printed on 08-01-05 13:52