NASA SBIR 2004 Solicitation

FORM B - PROPOSAL SUMMARY


PROPOSAL NUMBER: 04 S1.04-9249
SUBTOPIC TITLE: Spacecraft Technology for Micro/Nanosats
PROPOSAL TITLE: Real Time Control Software for Electromagnetic Formation Flight

SMALL BUSINESS CONCERN (Name, E-mail, Mail Address, City/State/Zip, Phone)
PAYLOAD SYSTEMS INC.
247 Third Street
Cambridge, MA 02142-1129
(617)868-8086

PRINCIPAL INVESTIGATOR/PROJECT MANAGER (Name, E-mail, Mail Address, City/State/Zip, Phone)
Steven Sell
sell@payload.com
247 Third Street
Cambridge, MA 02142-1129
(617)868-8086

TECHNICAL ABSTRACT (LIMIT 200 WORDS)
As the focus of space system architectures changes from single, to multiple, and eventually to many spacecraft flying in formation, a greater demand on total lifetime impulse and precision control becomes unavoidable. A unique property of these spacecraft clusters is that controlling only relative positions within the cluster is normally sufficient to satisfy most metrics of performance. This opens the possibility of using inter-spacecraft forces and torques (such as those generated electromagnetically) as the primary means of control, eliminating the need for onboard propellant. Eliminating the dependence on a non-replenishable consumable (propellant) in lieu of a replenishable resource (electricity) allows even aggressive maneuvers to be repeated without limit for as along as the other subsystems last. A testbed has been developed at the MIT Space Systems that uses a combination of steerable magnetic dipoles and reaction wheels on each spacecraft allows for all relative degrees of freedom within a cluster to be controlled. Payload Systems proposes to design an avionics and software system which would not only be usable with the existing testbed, but would also be appropriate for an on-orbit demonstration. This effort would drastically reduce the risk and effort required to transition the technology from ground to flight.

POTENTIAL NASA COMMERCIAL APPLICATIONS (LIMIT 100 WORDS)
The proposed technologies are relevant to any constellation or coordinated flight missions with separation distances on the order of tens or hundreds of meters, and also to small satellite systems in the <=100kg categories. These include astronomy, earth observation, and many other near-term NASA applications (such as EOS-9, GEC, TPF, etc.).

POTENTIAL NON-NASA COMMERCIAL APPLICATIONS (LIMIT 100 WORDS)
Non-NASA applications likewise include multisatellite formation missions and also small satellite (<=100kg) systems for DoD, DOE, and other government agencies, as well as commercial Earth-imaging and related for-profit applications.